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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

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e-CFR Data is current as of April 17, 2014

TITLE 40—Protection of Environment

CHAPTER I—ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED)

SUBCHAPTER C—AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED)

PART 86—CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE HIGHWAY VEHICLES AND ENGINES

rule
§86.1
Reference materials.

Subpart A—GENERAL PROVISIONS FOR EMISSION REGULATIONS FOR 1977 AND LATER MODEL YEAR NEW LIGHT-DUTY VEHICLES, LIGHT-DUTY TRUCKS AND HEAVY-DUTY ENGINES, AND FOR 1985 AND LATER MODEL YEAR NEW GASOLINE FUELED, NATURAL GAS-FUELED, LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS-FUELED AND METHANOL-FUELED HEAVY-DUTY VEHICLES

§86.000-2
Definitions.
§86.000-3
Abbreviations.
§86.000-7
Maintenance of records; submittal of information; right of entry.
§86.000-8
Emission standards for 2000 and later model year light-duty vehicles.
§86.000-9
Emission standards for 2000 and later model year light-duty trucks.
§86.000-16
Prohibition of defeat devices.
§86.000-24
Test vehicles and engines.
§86.000-26
Mileage and service accumulation; emission measurements.
§86.000-28
Compliance with emission standards.
§86.001-2
Definitions.
§86.001-9
Emission standards for 2001 and later model year light-duty trucks.
§86.001-21
Application for certification.
§86.001-22
Approval of application for certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters subject to adjustment for certification and Selective Enforcement Audit, adequacy of limits, and physically adjustable ranges.
§86.001-23
Required data.
§86.001-24
Test vehicles and engines.
§86.001-25
Maintenance.
§86.001-26
Mileage and service accumulation; emission measurements.
§86.001-28
Compliance with emission standards.
§86.001-30
Certification.
§86.001-35
Labeling.
§86.004-2
Definitions.
§86.004-9
Emission standards for 2004 and later model year light-duty trucks.
§86.004-11
Emission standards for 2004 and later model year diesel heavy-duty engines and vehicles.
§86.004-15
NOX plus NMHC and particulate averaging, trading, and banking for heavy-duty engines.
§86.004-16
Prohibition of defeat devices.
§86.004-21
Application for certification.
§86.004-25
Maintenance.
§86.004-26
Mileage and service accumulation; emission measurements.
§86.004-28
Compliance with emission standards.
§86.004-30
Certification.
§86.004-38
Maintenance instructions.
§86.004-40
Heavy-duty engine rebuilding practices.
§86.005-1
General applicability.
§86.005-10
Emission standards for 2005 and later model year Otto-cycle heavy-duty engines and vehicles.
§86.005-17
On-board diagnostics.
§86.007-11
Emission standards and supplemental requirements for 2007 and later model year diesel heavy-duty engines and vehicles.
§86.007-15
NOX and particulate averaging, trading, and banking for heavy-duty engines.
§86.007-17
On-board Diagnostics for engines used in applications less than or equal to 14,000 pounds GVWR.
§86.007-21
Application for certification.
§86.007-23
Required data.
§86.007-25
Maintenance.
§86.007-30
Certification.
§86.007-35
Labeling.
§86.007-38
Maintenance instructions.
§86.008-10
Emission standards for 2008 and later model year Otto-cycle heavy-duty engines and vehicles.
§86.010-2
Definitions.
§86.010-18
On-board Diagnostics for engines used in applications greater than 14,000 pounds GVWR.
§86.010-38
Maintenance instructions.
§86.012-2
Definitions.
§86.016-1
General applicability.
§86.078-3
Abbreviations.
§86.078-6
Hearings on certification.
§86.079-31
Separate certification.
§86.079-32
Addition of a vehicle or engine after certification.
§86.079-33
Changes to a vehicle or engine covered by certification.
§86.079-36
Submission of vehicle identification numbers.
§86.079-39
Submission of maintenance instructions.
§86.080-12
Alternative certification procedures.
§86.082-2
Definitions.
§86.082-34
Alternative procedure for notification of additions and changes.
§86.084-2
Definitions.
§86.084-4
Section numbering; construction.
§86.085-2
Definitions.
§86.085-20
Incomplete vehicles, classification.
§86.085-37
Production vehicles and engines.
§86.087-2
Definitions.
§86.088-2
Definitions.
§86.090-2
Definitions.
§86.090-3
Abbreviations.
§86.090-5
General standards; increase in emissions; unsafe conditions.
§86.090-27
Special test procedures.
§86.091-2
Definitions.
§86.091-7
Maintenance of records; submittal of information; right of entry.
§86.091-29
Testing by the Administrator.
§86.092-2
Definitions.
§86.093-2
Definitions.
§86.094-2
Definitions.
§86.094-3
Abbreviations.
§86.094-7
Maintenance of records; submittal of information; right of entry.
§86.094-13
Light-duty exhaust durability programs.
§86.094-14
Small-volume manufacturers certification procedures.
§86.094-16
Prohibition of defeat devices.
§86.094-21
Application for certification.
§86.094-22
Approval of application for certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters subject to adjustment for certification and Selective Enforcement Audit, adequacy of limits, and physically adjustable ranges.
§86.094-25
Maintenance.
§86.094-26
Mileage and service accumulation; emission requirements.
§86.094-28
Compliance with emission standards.
§86.094-30
Certification.
§86.095-14
Small-volume manufacturers certification procedures.
§86.095-23
Required data.
§86.095-26
Mileage and service accumulation; emission measurements.
§86.095-30
Certification.
§86.095-35
Labeling.
§86.096-2
Definitions.
§86.096-3
Abbreviations.
§86.096-7
Maintenance of records; submittal of information; right of entry.
§86.096-8
Emission standards for 1996 and later model year light-duty vehicles.
§86.096-21
Application for certification.
§86.096-24
Test vehicles and engines.
§86.096-26
Mileage and service accumulation; emission measurements.
§86.096-30
Certification.
§86.096-35
Labeling.
§86.096-38
Maintenance instructions.
§86.097-9
Emission standards for 1997 and later model year light-duty trucks.
§86.098-2
Definitions.
§86.098-3
Abbreviations.
§86.098-10
Emission standards for 1998 and later model year Otto-cycle heavy-duty engines and vehicles.
§86.098-14
Small-volume manufacturers certification procedures.
§86.098-23
Required data.
§86.098-24
Test vehicles and engines.
§86.098-25
Maintenance.
§86.098-26
Mileage and service accumulation; emission measurements.
§86.098-28
Compliance with emission standards.
§86.098-30
Certification.
§86.098-35
Labeling.
§86.099-8
Emission standards for 1999 and later model year light-duty vehicles.
§86.099-9
Emission standards for 1999 and later model year light-duty trucks.
§86.099-10
Emission standards for 1999 and later model year Otto-cycle heavy-duty engines and vehicles.
§86.099-11
Emission standards for 1999 and later model year diesel heavy-duty engines and vehicles.
§86.099-17
Emission control diagnostic system for 1999 and later light-duty vehicles and light-duty trucks.
rule

Subpart B—EMISSION REGULATIONS FOR 1977 AND LATER MODEL YEAR NEW LIGHT-DUTY VEHICLES AND NEW LIGHT-DUTY TRUCKS AND NEW OTTO-CYCLE COMPLETE HEAVY-DUTY VEHICLES; TEST PROCEDURES

§86.101
General applicability.
§86.102
Definitions.
§86.103
Abbreviations.
§86.104
Section numbering; construction.
§86.105
Introduction; structure of subpart.
§86.106-00
Equipment required; overview.
§86.106-96
Equipment required; overview.
§86.107-96
Sampling and analytical systems; evaporative emissions.
§86.107-98
Sampling and analytical system.
§86.108-00
Dynamometer.
§86.108-79
Dynamometer.
§86.109-94
Exhaust gas sampling system; Otto-cycle vehicles not requiring particulate emission measurements.
§86.110-90
Exhaust gas sampling system; diesel vehicles.
§86.110-94
Exhaust gas sampling system; diesel-cycle vehicles, and Otto-cycle vehicles requiring particulate emissions measurements.
§86.111-90
Exhaust gas analytical system.
§86.111-94
Exhaust gas analytical system.
§86.112-91
Weighing chamber (or room) and microgram balance specifications.
§86.113-04
Fuel specifications.
§86.113-07
Fuel specifications.
§86.113-94
Fuel specifications.
§86.114-94
Analytical gases.
§86.115-00
EPA dynamometer driving schedules.
§86.115-78
EPA urban dynamometer driving schedule.
§86.116-94
Calibrations, frequency and overview.
§86.117-96
Evaporative emission enclosure calibrations.
§86.118-00
Dynamometer calibrations.
§86.118-78
Dynamometer calibration.
§86.119-90
CVS calibration.
§86.120-94
Gas meter or flow instrumentation calibration; particulate, methanol and formaldehyde measurement.
§86.121-90
Hydrocarbon analyzer calibration.
§86.122-78
Carbon monoxide analyzer calibration.
§86.123-78
Oxides of nitrogen analyzer calibration.
§86.124-78
Carbon dioxide analyzer calibration.
§86.125-94
Methane analyzer calibration.
§86.126-90
Calibration of other equipment.
§86.127-00
Test procedures; overview.
§86.127-12
Test procedures; overview.
§86.127-96
Test procedures; overview.
§86.128-00
Transmissions.
§86.128-79
Transmissions.
§86.129-00
Road load power, test weight, and inertia weight class determination.
§86.129-80
Road load power, test weight, and inertia weight class determination.
§86.129-94
Road load power, test weight, inertia weight class determination, and fuel temperature profile.
§86.130-00
Test sequence; general requirements.
§86.130-96
Test sequence; general requirements.
§86.131-00
Vehicle preparation.
§86.131-96
Vehicle preparation.
§86.132-00
Vehicle preconditioning.
§86.132-96
Vehicle preconditioning.
§86.133-96
Diurnal emission test.
§86.134-96
Running loss test.
§86.135-12
Dynamometer procedure.
§86.135-00
Dynamometer procedure.
§86.135-90
Dynamometer procedure.
§86.135-94
Dynamometer procedure.
§86.136-90
Engine starting and restarting.
§86.137-90
Dynamometer test run, gaseous and particulate emissions.
§86.137-94
Dynamometer test run, gaseous and particulate emissions.
§86.137-96
Dynamometer test run, gaseous and particulate emissions.
§86.138-96
Hot soak test.
§86.139-90
Particulate filter handling and weighing.
§86.140-94
Exhaust sample analysis.
§86.142-90
Records required.
§86.143-96
Calculations; evaporative emissions.
§86.144-94
Calculations; exhaust emissions.
§86.145-82
Calculations; particulate emissions.
§86.146-96
Fuel dispensing spitback procedure.
§86.150-98
Refueling test procedure; overview.
§86.151-98
General requirements; refueling test.
§86.152-98
Vehicle preparation; refueling test.
§86.153-98
Vehicle and canister preconditioning; refueling test.
§86.154-98
Measurement procedure; refueling test.
§86.155-98
Records required; refueling test.
§86.156-98
Calculations; refueling test.
§86.157-98
Refueling test procedures for liquefied petroleum gas-fueled vehicles.
§86.158-00
Supplemental Federal Test Procedures; overview.
§86.158-08
Supplemental Federal Test Procedures; overview.
§86.159-00
Exhaust emission test procedures for US06 emissions.
§86.159-08
Exhaust emission test procedures for US06 emissions.
§86.160-00
Exhaust emission test procedure for SC03 emissions.
§86.161-00
Air conditioning environmental test facility ambient requirements.
§86.162-00
Approval of alternative air conditioning test simulations and descriptions of AC1 and AC2.
§86.162-03
Approval of alternative air conditioning test simulations.
§86.163-00
Spot check correlation procedures for vehicles tested using a simulation of the environmental test cell for air conditioning emission testing.
§86.164-00
Supplemental Federal Test Procedure calculations.
§86.164-08
Supplemental Federal Test Procedure calculations.
§86.165-12
Air conditioning idle test procedure.
86.166-12
86.166-12   [Reserved]
§86.167-17
AC17 Air Conditioning Emissions Test Procedure.
rule

Subpart C—EMISSION REGULATIONS FOR 1994 AND LATER MODEL YEAR GASOLINE-FUELED NEW LIGHT-DUTY VEHICLES, NEW LIGHT-DUTY TRUCKS AND NEW MEDIUM-DUTY PASSENGER VEHICLES; COLD TEMPERATURE TEST PROCEDURES

§86.201-94
General applicability.
§86.201-11
General applicability.
§86.202-94
Definitions.
§86.203-94
Abbreviations.
§86.204-94
Section numbering; construction.
§86.205-11
Introduction; structure of this subpart.
§86.205-94
Introduction; structure of this subpart.
§86.206-11
Equipment required; overview.
§86.206-94
Equipment required; overview.
§86.207-94
[Reserved]
§86.208-94
Dynamometer.
§86.209-94
Exhaust gas sampling system; gasoline-fueled vehicles.
§86.210-08
Exhaust gas sampling system; Diesel-cycle vehicles not requiring particulate emissions measurements.
§86.210-94
[Reserved]
§86.211-94
Exhaust gas analytical system.
§86.212-94
[Reserved]
§86.213-04
Fuel specifications.
§86.213-11
Fuel specifications.
§86.213-94
Fuel specifications.
§86.214-94
Analytical gases.
§86.215-94
EPA urban dynamometer driving schedule.
§86.216-94
Calibrations, frequency and overview.
§86.217-94
[Reserved]
§86.218-94
Dynamometer calibration.
§86.219-94
CVS calibration.
§86.220-94
[Reserved]
§86.221-94
Hydrocarbon analyzer calibration.
§86.222-94
Carbon monoxide analyzer calibration.
§86.223-94
Oxides of nitrogen analyzer calibration.
§86.224-94
Carbon dioxide analyzer calibration.
§86.225-94
[Reserved]
§86.226-94
Calibration of other equipment.
§86.227-94
Test procedures; overview.
§86.228-94
Transmissions.
§86.229-94
Road load force, test weight, and inertia weight class determination.
§86.230-11
Test sequence: general requirements.
§86.230-94
Test sequence: general requirements.
§86.231-94
Vehicle preparation.
§86.232-94
Vehicle preconditioning.
§§86.233-94—86.234-94
[Reserved]
§86.235-94
Dynamometer procedure.
§86.236-94
Engine starting and restarting.
§86.237-08
Dynamometer test run, gaseous emissions.
§86.237-94
Dynamometer test run, gaseous emissions.
§§86.238-94—86.239-94
[Reserved]
§86.240-94
Exhaust sample analysis.
§86.241-94
[Reserved]
§86.242-94
Records required.
§86.243-94
[Reserved]
§86.244-94
Calculations; exhaust emissions.
§86.245-94
[Reserved]
§86.246-94
Intermediate temperature testing.
rule

Subpart D—EMISSION REGULATIONS FOR NEW GASOLINE-FUELED AND DIESEL-FUELED HEAVY-DUTY ENGINES; GASEOUS EXHAUST TEST PROCEDURES

§86.301-79
Scope; applicability.
§86.302-79
Definitions.
§86.303-79
Abbreviations.
§86.304-79
Section numbering; construction.
§86.305-79
Introduction; structure of subpart.
§86.306-79
Equipment required and specifications; overview.
§86.307-82
Fuel specifications.
§86.308-79
Gas specifications.
§86.309-79
Sampling and analytical system; schematic drawing.
§86.310-79
Sampling and analytical system; component specifications.
§86.311-79
Miscellaneous equipment; specifications.
§86.312-79
Dynamometer and engine equipment specifications.
§86.313-79
Air flow measurement specifications; diesel engines.
§86.314-79
Fuel flow measurement specifications.
§86.315-79
General analyzer specifications.
§86.316-79
Carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide analyzer specifications.
§86.317-79
Hydrocarbon analyzer specifications.
§86.318-79
Oxides of nitrogen analyzer specifications.
§86.319-79
Analyzer checks and calibrations; frequency and overview.
§86.320-79
Analyzer bench check.
§86.321-79
NDIR water rejection ratio check.
§86.322-79
NDIR CO2 rejection ratio check.
§86.327-79
Quench checks; NOX analyzer.
§86.328-79
Leak checks.
§86.329-79
System response time; check procedure.
§86.330-79
NDIR analyzer calibration.
§86.331-79
Hydrocarbon analyzer calibration.
§86.332-79
Oxides of nitrogen analyzer calibration.
§86.333-79
Dynamometer calibration.
§86.334-79
Test procedure overview.
§86.335-79
Gasoline-fueled engine test cycle.
§86.336-79
Diesel engine test cycle.
§86.337-79
Information.
§86.338-79
Exhaust measurement accuracy.
§86.339-79
Pre-test procedures.
§86.340-79
Gasoline-fueled engine dynamometer test run.
§86.341-79
Diesel engine dynamometer test run.
§86.342-79
Post-test procedures.
§86.343-79
Chart reading.
§86.344-79
Humidity calculations.
§86.345-79
Emission calculations.
§86.346-79
Alternative NOX measurement technique.
§86.347-79
Alternative calculations for diesel engines.
§86.348-79
Alternative to fuel H/C analysis.
rule

Subpart E—EMISSION REGULATIONS FOR 1978 AND LATER NEW MOTORCYCLES, GENERAL PROVISIONS

§86.401-2006
General applicability.
§86.401-97
General applicability.
§86.402-78
Definitions.
§86.402-98
Definitions.
§86.403-78
Abbreviations.
§86.404-78
Section numbering.
§86.405-78
Measurement system.
§86.406-78
Introduction, structure of subpart, further information.
§86.407-78
Certificate of conformity required.
§86.408-78
General standards; increase in emissions; unsafe conditions.
§86.409-78
Defeat devices, prohibition.
§86.410-90
Emission standards for 1990 and later model year motorcycles.
§86.410-2006
Emission standards for 2006 and later model year motorcycles.
§86.411-78
Maintenance instructions, vehicle purchaser.
§86.412-78
Maintenance instructions, submission to Administrator.
§86.413-78
Labeling.
§86.413-2006
Labeling.
§86.414-78
Submission of vehicle identification number.
§86.415-78
Production vehicles.
§86.416-80
Application for certification.
§86.417-78
Approval of application for certification.
§86.418-78
Test fleet selection.
§86.419-78
Engine displacement, motorcycle classes.
§86.419-2006
Engine displacement, motorcycle classes.
§86.420-78
Engine families.
§86.421-78
Test fleet.
§86.422-78
Administrator's fleet.
§86.423-78
Test vehicles.
§86.425-78
Test procedures.
§86.426-78
Service accumulation.
§86.427-78
Emission tests.
§86.428-80
Maintenance, scheduled; test vehicles.
§86.429-78
Maintenance, unscheduled; test vehicles.
§86.430-78
Vehicle failure.
§86.431-78
Data submission.
§86.432-78
Deterioration factor.
§86.434-78
Testing by the Administrator.
§86.435-78
Extrapolated emission values.
§86.436-78
Additional service accumulation.
§86.437-78
Certification.
§86.438-78
Amendments to the application.
§86.439-78
Alternative procedure for notification of additions and changes.
§86.440-78
Maintenance of records.
§86.441-78
Right of entry.
§86.442-78
Denial, revocation, or suspension of certification.
§86.443-78
Request for hearing.
§86.444-78
Hearings on certification.
§86.445-2006
What temporary provisions address hardship due to unusual circumstances?
§86.446-2006
What are the provisions for extending compliance deadlines for small-volume manufacturers under hardship?
§86.447-2006
What provisions apply to motorcycle engines below 50 cc that are certified under the Small SI program or the Recreational-vehicle program?
§86.448-2006
What provisions apply to vehicles certified under the Recreational-vehicle program?
§86.449
Averaging provisions.
rule

Subpart F—EMISSION REGULATIONS FOR 1978 AND LATER NEW MOTORCYCLES; TEST PROCEDURES

§86.501-78
Applicability.
§86.502-78
Definitions.
§86.503-78
Abbreviations.
§86.504-78
Section numbering.
§86.505-78
Introduction; structure of subpart.
§86.505-2004
Introduction; structure of subpart.
§86.508-78
Dynamometer.
§86.509-90
Exhaust gas sampling system.
§86.511-90
Exhaust gas analytical system.
§86.513-94
Fuel and engine lubricant specifications.
§86.513-2004
Fuel and engine lubricant specifications.
§86.514-78
Analytical gases.
§86.515-78
EPA urban dynamometer driving schedule.
§86.516-90
Calibrations, frequency and overview.
§86.518-78
Dynamometer calibration.
§86.519-90
Constant volume sampler calibration.
§86.521-90
Hydrocarbon analyzer calibration.
§86.522-78
Carbon monoxide analyzer calibration.
§86.523-78
Oxides of nitrogen analyzer calibration.
§86.524-78
Carbon dioxide analyzer calibration.
§86.526-90
Calibration of other equipment.
§86.527-90
Test procedures, overview.
§86.528-78
Transmissions.
§86.529-98
Road load force and inertia weight determination.
§86.530-78
Test sequence, general requirements.
§86.531-78
Vehicle preparation.
§86.532-78
Vehicle preconditioning.
§86.535-90
Dynamometer procedure.
§86.536-78
Engine starting and restarting.
§86.537-90
Dynamometer test runs.
§86.540-90
Exhaust sample analysis.
§86.542-90
Records required.
§86.544-90
Calculations; exhaust emissions.


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