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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

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e-CFR Data is current as of October 23, 2014

Title 14Chapter ISubchapter FPart 91


TITLE 14—Aeronautics and Space

CHAPTER I—FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED)

SUBCHAPTER F—AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES

PART 91—GENERAL OPERATING AND FLIGHT RULES

rule
Appendix
Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 50-2—Special Flight Rules in the Vicinity of the Grand Canyon National Park, AZ
Appendix
Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 60—Air Traffic Control System Emergency Operation
Appendix
Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 79—Prohibition Against Certain Flights Within the Flight Information Region (FIR) of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK)
Appendix
Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 87—Prohibition Against Certain Flights Within the Territory and Airspace of Ethiopia
Appendix
Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 97—Special Operating Rules for the Conduct of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) Area Navigation (RNAV) Operations using Global Positioning Systems (GPS) in Alaska
Appendix
Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 104—Prohibition Against Certain Flights by Syrian Air Carriers to the United States
Appendix
Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 107—Prohibition Against Certain Flights Within the Territory and Airspace of Somalia
Appendix
Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 108—Mitsubishi MU-2B Series Special Training, Experience, and Operating Requirements

Subpart A—GENERAL

§91.1
Applicability.
§91.3
Responsibility and authority of the pilot in command.
§91.5
Pilot in command of aircraft requiring more than one required pilot.
§91.7
Civil aircraft airworthiness.
§91.9
Civil aircraft flight manual, marking, and placard requirements.
§91.11
Prohibition on interference with crewmembers.
§91.13
Careless or reckless operation.
§91.15
Dropping objects.
§91.17
Alcohol or drugs.
§91.19
Carriage of narcotic drugs, marihuana, and depressant or stimulant drugs or substances.
§91.21
Portable electronic devices.
§91.23
Truth-in-leasing clause requirement in leases and conditional sales contracts.
§91.25
Aviation Safety Reporting Program: Prohibition against use of reports for enforcement purposes.
§§91.27-91.99
[Reserved]
rule

Subpart B—FLIGHT RULES

General

§91.101
Applicability.
§91.103
Preflight action.
§91.105
Flight crewmembers at stations.
§91.107
Use of safety belts, shoulder harnesses, and child restraint systems.
§91.109
Flight instruction; Simulated instrument flight and certain flight tests.
§91.111
Operating near other aircraft.
§91.113
Right-of-way rules: Except water operations.
§91.115
Right-of-way rules: Water operations.
§91.117
Aircraft speed.
§91.119
Minimum safe altitudes: General.
§91.121
Altimeter settings.
§91.123
Compliance with ATC clearances and instructions.
§91.125
ATC light signals.
§91.126
Operating on or in the vicinity of an airport in Class G airspace.
§91.127
Operating on or in the vicinity of an airport in Class E airspace.
§91.129
Operations in Class D airspace.
§91.130
Operations in Class C airspace.
§91.131
Operations in Class B airspace.
§91.133
Restricted and prohibited areas.
§91.135
Operations in Class A airspace.
§91.137
Temporary flight restrictions in the vicinity of disaster/hazard areas.
§91.138
Temporary flight restrictions in national disaster areas in the State of Hawaii.
§91.139
Emergency air traffic rules.
§91.141
Flight restrictions in the proximity of the Presidential and other parties.
§91.143
Flight limitation in the proximity of space flight operations.
§91.144
Temporary restriction on flight operations during abnormally high barometric pressure conditions.
§91.145
Management of aircraft operations in the vicinity of aerial demonstrations and major sporting events.
§91.146
Passenger-carrying flights for the benefit of a charitable, nonprofit, or community event.
§91.147
Passenger carrying flights for compensation or hire.
§§91.148-91.149
[Reserved]

Visual Flight Rules

§91.151
Fuel requirements for flight in VFR conditions.
§91.153
VFR flight plan: Information required.
§91.155
Basic VFR weather minimums.
§91.157
Special VFR weather minimums.
§91.159
VFR cruising altitude or flight level.
§91.161
Special awareness training required for pilots flying under visual flight rules within a 60-nautical mile radius of the Washington, DC VOR/DME.
§§91.162-91.165
[Reserved]

Instrument Flight Rules

§91.167
Fuel requirements for flight in IFR conditions.
§91.169
IFR flight plan: Information required.
§91.171
VOR equipment check for IFR operations.
§91.173
ATC clearance and flight plan required.
§91.175
Takeoff and landing under IFR.
§91.177
Minimum altitudes for IFR operations.
§91.179
IFR cruising altitude or flight level.
§91.180
Operations within airspace designated as Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum airspace.
§91.181
Course to be flown.
§91.183
IFR communications.
§91.185
IFR operations: Two-way radio communications failure.
§91.187
Operation under IFR in controlled airspace: Malfunction reports.
§91.189
Category II and III operations: General operating rules.
§91.191
Category II and Category III manual.
§91.193
Certificate of authorization for certain Category II operations.
§§91.195-91.199
[Reserved]
rule

Subpart C—EQUIPMENT, INSTRUMENT, AND CERTIFICATE REQUIREMENTS

§91.201
[Reserved]
§91.203
Civil aircraft: Certifications required.
§91.205
Powered civil aircraft with standard category U.S. airworthiness certificates: Instrument and equipment requirements.
§91.207
Emergency locator transmitters.
§91.209
Aircraft lights.
§91.211
Supplemental oxygen.
§91.213
Inoperative instruments and equipment.
§91.215
ATC transponder and altitude reporting equipment and use.
§91.217
Data correspondence between automatically reported pressure altitude data and the pilot's altitude reference.
§91.219
Altitude alerting system or device: Turbojet-powered civil airplanes.
§91.221
Traffic alert and collision avoidance system equipment and use.
§91.223
Terrain awareness and warning system.
§91.225
Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) Out equipment and use.
§91.227
Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) Out equipment performance requirements.
§§91.228-91.299
[Reserved]
rule

Subpart D—SPECIAL FLIGHT OPERATIONS

§91.301
[Reserved]
§91.303
Aerobatic flight.
§91.305
Flight test areas.
§91.307
Parachutes and parachuting.
§91.309
Towing: Gliders and unpowered ultralight vehicles.
§91.311
Towing: Other than under §91.309.
§91.313
Restricted category civil aircraft: Operating limitations.
§91.315
Limited category civil aircraft: Operating limitations.
§91.317
Provisionally certificated civil aircraft: Operating limitations.
§91.319
Aircraft having experimental certificates: Operating limitations.
§91.321
Carriage of candidates in elections.
§91.323
Increased maximum certificated weights for certain airplanes operated in Alaska.
§91.325
Primary category aircraft: Operating limitations.
§91.327
Aircraft having a special airworthiness certificate in the light-sport category: Operating limitations.
§§91.328-91.399
[Reserved]
rule

Subpart E—MAINTENANCE, PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE, AND ALTERATIONS

§91.401
Applicability.
§91.403
General.
§91.405
Maintenance required.
§91.407
Operation after maintenance, preventive maintenance, rebuilding, or alteration.
§91.409
Inspections.
§91.410
[Reserved]
§91.411
Altimeter system and altitude reporting equipment tests and inspections.
§91.413
ATC transponder tests and inspections.
§91.415
Changes to aircraft inspection programs.
§91.417
Maintenance records.
§91.419
Transfer of maintenance records.
§91.421
Rebuilt engine maintenance records.
§§91.423-91.499
[Reserved]
rule

Subpart F—LARGE AND TURBINE-POWERED MULTIENGINE AIRPLANES AND FRACTIONAL OWNERSHIP PROGRAM AIRCRAFT

§91.501
Applicability.
§91.503
Flying equipment and operating information.
§91.505
Familiarity with operating limitations and emergency equipment.
§91.507
Equipment requirements: Over-the-top or night VFR operations.
§91.509
Survival equipment for overwater operations.
§91.511
Communication and navigation equipment for overwater operations.
§91.513
Emergency equipment.
§91.515
Flight altitude rules.
§91.517
Passenger information.
§91.519
Passenger briefing.
§91.521
Shoulder harness.
§91.523
Carry-on baggage.
§91.525
Carriage of cargo.
§91.527
Operating in icing conditions.
§91.529
Flight engineer requirements.
§91.531
Second in command requirements.
§91.533
Flight attendant requirements.
§91.535
Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during aircraft movement on the surface, takeoff, and landing.
§§91.536-91.599
[Reserved]
rule

Subpart G—ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT AND OPERATING REQUIREMENTS FOR LARGE AND TRANSPORT CATEGORY AIRCRAFT

§91.601
Applicability.
§91.603
Aural speed warning device.
§91.605
Transport category civil airplane weight limitations.
§91.607
Emergency exits for airplanes carrying passengers for hire.
§91.609
Flight data recorders and cockpit voice recorders.
§91.611
Authorization for ferry flight with one engine inoperative.
§91.613
Materials for compartment interiors.
§§91.615-91.699
[Reserved]
rule

Subpart H—FOREIGN AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS AND OPERATIONS OF U.S.-REGISTERED CIVIL AIRCRAFT OUTSIDE OF THE UNITED STATES; AND RULES GOVERNING PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT

§91.701
Applicability.
§91.702
Persons on board.
§91.703
Operations of civil aircraft of U.S. registry outside of the United States.
§91.705
Operations within airspace designated as Minimum Navigation Performance Specification Airspace.
§91.706
Operations within airspace designed as Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum Airspace.
§91.707
Flights between Mexico or Canada and the United States.
§91.709
Operations to Cuba.
§91.711
Special rules for foreign civil aircraft.
§91.713
Operation of civil aircraft of Cuban registry.
§91.715
Special flight authorizations for foreign civil aircraft.
§§91.717-91.799
[Reserved]
rule

Subpart I—OPERATING NOISE LIMITS

§91.801
Applicability: Relation to part 36.
§91.803
Part 125 operators: Designation of applicable regulations.
§91.805
Final compliance: Subsonic airplanes.
§§91.807-91.813
[Reserved]
§91.815
Agricultural and fire fighting airplanes: Noise operating limitations.
§91.817
Civil aircraft sonic boom.
§91.819
Civil supersonic airplanes that do not comply with part 36.
§91.821
Civil supersonic airplanes: Noise limits.
§§91.823-91.849
[Reserved]
§91.851
Definitions.
§91.853
Final compliance: Civil subsonic airplanes.
§91.855
Entry and nonaddition rule.
§91.857
Stage 2 operations outside of the 48 contiguous United States.
§91.858
Special flight authorizations for non-revenue Stage 2 operations.
§91.859
Modification to meet Stage 3 or Stage 4 noise levels.
§91.861
Base level.
§91.863
Transfers of Stage 2 airplanes with base level.
§91.865
Phased compliance for operators with base level.
§91.867
Phased compliance for new entrants.
§91.869
Carry-forward compliance.
§91.871
Waivers from interim compliance requirements.
§91.873
Waivers from final compliance.
§91.875
Annual progress reports.
§91.877
Annual reporting of Hawaiian operations.
§§91.879-91.880
[Reserved]
§91.881
Final compliance: Civil subsonic jet airplanes weighing 75,000 pounds or less.
§91.883
Special flight authorizations for jet airplanes weighing 75,000 pounds or less.
§§91.884-91.899
[Reserved]
rule

Subpart J—WAIVERS

§91.901
[Reserved]
§91.903
Policy and procedures.
§91.905
List of rules subject to waivers.
§§91.907-91.999
[Reserved]
rule

Subpart K—FRACTIONAL OWNERSHIP OPERATIONS

§91.1001
Applicability.
§91.1002
Compliance date.
§91.1003
Management contract between owner and program manager.
§91.1005
Prohibitions and limitations.
§91.1007
Flights conducted under part 121 or part 135 of this chapter.

Operational Control

§91.1009
Clarification of operational control.
§91.1011
Operational control responsibilities and delegation.
§91.1013
Operational control briefing and acknowledgment.

Program Management

§91.1014
Issuing or denying management specifications.
§91.1015
Management specifications.
§91.1017
Amending program manager's management specifications.
§91.1019
Conducting tests and inspections.
§91.1021
Internal safety reporting and incident/accident response.
§91.1023
Program operating manual requirements.
§91.1025
Program operating manual contents.
§91.1027
Recordkeeping.
§91.1029
Flight scheduling and locating requirements.
§91.1031
Pilot in command or second in command: Designation required.
§91.1033
Operating information required.
§91.1035
Passenger awareness.
§91.1037
Large transport category airplanes: Turbine engine powered; Limitations; Destination and alternate airports.
§91.1039
IFR takeoff, approach and landing minimums.
§91.1041
Aircraft proving and validation tests.
§91.1043
[Reserved]
§91.1045
Additional equipment requirements.
§91.1047
Drug and alcohol misuse education program.
§91.1049
Personnel.
§91.1050
Employment of former FAA employees.
§91.1051
Pilot safety background check.
§91.1053
Crewmember experience.
§91.1055
Pilot operating limitations and pairing requirement.
§91.1057
Flight, duty and rest time requirements: All crewmembers.
§91.1059
Flight time limitations and rest requirements: One or two pilot crews.
§91.1061
Augmented flight crews.
§91.1062
Duty periods and rest requirements: Flight attendants.
§91.1063
Testing and training: Applicability and terms used.
§91.1065
Initial and recurrent pilot testing requirements.
§91.1067
Initial and recurrent flight attendant crewmember testing requirements.
§91.1069
Flight crew: Instrument proficiency check requirements.
§91.1071
Crewmember: Tests and checks, grace provisions, training to accepted standards.
§91.1073
Training program: General.
§91.1075
Training program: Special rules.
§91.1077
Training program and revision: Initial and final approval.
§91.1079
Training program: Curriculum.
§91.1081
Crewmember training requirements.
§91.1083
Crewmember emergency training.
§91.1085
Hazardous materials recognition training.
§91.1087
Approval of aircraft simulators and other training devices.
§91.1089
Qualifications: Check pilots (aircraft) and check pilots (simulator).
§91.1091
Qualifications: Flight instructors (aircraft) and flight instructors (simulator).
§91.1093
Initial and transition training and checking: Check pilots (aircraft), check pilots (simulator).
§91.1095
Initial and transition training and checking: Flight instructors (aircraft), flight instructors (simulator).
§91.1097
Pilot and flight attendant crewmember training programs.
§91.1099
Crewmember initial and recurrent training requirements.
§91.1101
Pilots: Initial, transition, and upgrade ground training.
§91.1103
Pilots: Initial, transition, upgrade, requalification, and differences flight training.
§91.1105
Flight attendants: Initial and transition ground training.
§91.1107
Recurrent training.
§91.1109
Aircraft maintenance: Inspection program.
§91.1111
Maintenance training.
§91.1113
Maintenance recordkeeping.
§91.1115
Inoperable instruments and equipment.
§91.1411
Continuous airworthiness maintenance program use by fractional ownership program manager.
§91.1413
CAMP: Responsibility for airworthiness.
§91.1415
CAMP: Mechanical reliability reports.
§91.1417
CAMP: Mechanical interruption summary report.
§91.1423
CAMP: Maintenance organization.
§91.1425
CAMP: Maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration programs.
§91.1427
CAMP: Manual requirements.
§91.1429
CAMP: Required inspection personnel.
§91.1431
CAMP: Continuing analysis and surveillance.
§91.1433
CAMP: Maintenance and preventive maintenance training program.
§91.1435
CAMP: Certificate requirements.
§91.1437
CAMP: Authority to perform and approve maintenance.
§91.1439
CAMP: Maintenance recording requirements.
§91.1441
CAMP: Transfer of maintenance records.
§91.1443
CAMP: Airworthiness release or aircraft maintenance log entry.
rule

Subpart L—CONTINUED AIRWORTHINESS AND SAFETY IMPROVEMENTS

§91.1501
Purpose and definition.
§91.1503
[Reserved]
§91.1505
Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.
§91.1507
Fuel tank system inspection program.
rule

Subpart M—SPECIAL FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS

§91.1603
Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 112—Prohibition Against Certain Flights Within the Tripoli (HLLL) Flight Information Region (FIR).
§91.1605
Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 77—Prohibition Against Certain Flights Within the Territory and Airspace of Iraq.
§91.1607
Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 113—Prohibition Against Certain Flights in the Simferopol (UKFV) Flight Information Region (FIR).
Appendix
Appendix A to Part 91—Category II Operations: Manual, Instruments, Equipment, and Maintenance
Appendix
Appendix B to Part 91—Authorizations To Exceed Mach 1 (§91.817)
Appendix
Appendix C to Part 91—Operations in the North Atlantic (NAT) Minimum Navigation Performance Specifications (MNPS) Airspace
Appendix
Appendix D to Part 91—Airports/Locations: Special Operating Restrictions
Appendix
Appendix E to Part 91—Airplane Flight Recorder Specifications
Appendix
Appendix F to Part 91—Helicopter Flight Recorder Specifications
Appendix
Appendix G to Part 91—Operations in Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum (RVSM) Airspace


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