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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

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e-CFR Data is current as of November 24, 2014

Title 7Subtitle BChapter ISubchapter CPart 58


TITLE 7—Agriculture

Subtitle B—REGULATIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED)

CHAPTER I—AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED)

SUBCHAPTER C—REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT (CONTINUED)

PART 58—GRADING AND INSPECTION, GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR APPROVED PLANTS AND STANDARDS FOR GRADES OF DAIRY PRODUCTS

rule

Subpart A—REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE INSPECTION AND GRADING SERVICES OF MANUFACTURED OR PROCESSED DAIRY PRODUCTS

Definitions

§58.1
Meaning of words.
§58.2
Designation of official certificates, memoranda, marks, identifications, and devices for purpose of the Agricultural Marketing Act.

Administration

§58.3
Authority.

Inspection or Grading Service

§58.4
Basis of service.
§58.5
Where service is offered.
§58.6
Supervision of service.
§58.7
Who may obtain service.
§58.8
How to make application.
§58.9
Form of application.
§58.10
Filing of application.
§58.11
Approval of application.
§58.12
When application may be rejected.
§58.13
When application may be withdrawn.
§58.14
Authority of applicant.
§58.15
Accessibility and condition of product.
§58.16
Disposition of samples.
§58.17
Order of service.
§58.18
Inspection or grading certificates, memoranda, or reports.
§58.19
Issuance of inspection or grading certificates.
§58.20
Disposition of inspection or grading certificates or reports.
§58.21
Advance information.

Appeal Inspection or Grading and Reinstatement of Regrading

§58.22
When appeal inspection or grading may be requested.
§58.23
How to obtain appeal inspection or grading.
§58.24
Record of filing time.
§58.25
When an application for appeal inspection or grading may be refused.
§58.26
When an application for an appeal inspection or grading may be withdrawn.
§58.27
Order in which appeal inspections or gradings are performed.
§58.28
Who shall make appeal inspections or gradings.
§58.29
Appeal inspection or grading certificate or report.
§58.30
Application for reinspection or regrading.
§58.31
Reinspection or regrading certificate or report.
§58.32
Superseded certificates or reports.

Licensing of Inspectors or Graders

§58.33
Who may be licensed.
§58.34
Suspension or revocation of license.
§58.35
Surrender of license.
§58.36
Identification.
§58.37
Financial interest of licensees.

Fees and Charges

§58.38
Payment of fees and charges.
§58.39
Fees for holiday or other nonworktime.
§58.40
Fees for appeal inspection or grading.
§58.41
Fees for additional copies of certificates.
§58.42
Travel expenses and other charges.
§58.43
Fees for inspection, grading, sampling, and certification.
§58.45
Fees for continuous resident services.
§58.46
Fees for service performed under cooperative agreement.

Marking, Branding, and Identifying Product

§58.49
Authority to use official identification.
§58.50
Approval and form of official identification.
§58.51
Information required on official identification.
§58.52
Time limit for packaging inspected or graded products with official identification.

Prerequisites to Packaging Products With Official Identification

§58.53
Supervisor of packaging required.
§58.54
Packing and packaging room and equipment.
§58.55
Facilities for keeping quality samples.
§58.56
Incubation of product samples.
§58.57
Product not eligible for packaging with official identification.

Violations

§58.58
Debarment of service.

Miscellaneous

§58.61
Political activity.
§58.62
Report of violations.
§58.63
Other applicable regulations.
§58.64
OMB control numbers assigned pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act.
rule

Subpart B—GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR DAIRY PLANTS APPROVED FOR USDA INSPECTION AND GRADING SERVICE

Definitions

§58.100
OMB control numbers assigned pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act.
§58.101
Meaning of words.

Purpose

§58.122
Approved plants under USDA inspection and grading service.

Approved Plants

§58.123
Survey and approval.
§58.124
Denial or suspension of plant approval.

Premises, Buildings, Facilities, Equipment and Utensils

§58.125
Premises.
§58.126
Buildings.
§58.127
Facilities.
§58.128
Equipment and utensils.

Personnel, Cleanliness and Health

§58.129
Cleanliness.
§58.130
Health.

Protection and Transport of Raw Milk and Cream

§58.131
Equipment and facilities.

Quality Specifications for Raw Milk

§58.132
Basis for classification.
§58.133
Methods for quality and wholesomeness determination.
§58.134
Sediment content for milk in cans.
§58.135
Bacterial estimate.
§58.136
Rejected milk.
§58.137
Excluded milk.
§58.138
Quality testing of milk from new producers.
§58.139
Record of tests.
§58.140
Field service.
§58.141
Alternate quality control program.

Operations and Operating Procedures

§58.142
Product quality and stability.
§58.143
Raw product storage.
§58.144
Pasteurization or ultra-pasteurization.
§58.145
Composition and wholesomeness.
§58.146
Cleaning and sanitizing treatment.
§58.147
Insect and rodent control program.
§58.148
Plant records.
§58.149
Alternate quality control programs for dairy products.

Packaging and General Identification

§58.150
Containers.
§58.151
Packaging and repackaging.
§58.152
General identification.

Storage of Finished Product

§58.153
Dry storage.
§58.154
Refrigerated storage.

Inspection, Grading and Official Identification

§58.155
Grading.
§58.156
Inspection.
§58.157
Inspection or grading certificates.
§58.158
Official identification.

Explanation of Terms

§58.159
Terms.

Supplemental Specifications for Plants Manufacturing, Processing, and Packaging Nonfat Dry Milk, Instant Nonfat Dry Milk, Dry Whole Milk, and Dry Buttermilk

Definitions

§58.205
Meaning of words.

Rooms and Compartments

§58.210
Dry storage of product.
§58.211
Packaging room for bulk products.
§58.212
Hopper or dump room.
§58.213
Repackaging room.

Equipment and Utensils

§58.214
General construction, repair and installation.
§58.215
Pre-heaters.
§58.216
Hotwells.
§58.217
Evaporators and/or vacuum pans.
§58.218
Surge tanks.
§58.219
High pressure pumps and lines.
§58.220
Drying systems.
§58.221
Collectors and conveyors.
§58.222
Dry dairy product cooling equipment.
§58.223
Special treatment equipment.
§58.224
Sifters.
§58.225
Clothing and shoe covers.
§58.226
Portable and stationary bulk bins.
§58.227
Sampling device.
§58.228
Dump hoppers, screens, mixers and conveyors.
§58.229
Filler and packaging equipment.
§58.230
Heavy duty vacuum cleaners.

Quality Specifications for Raw Materials

§58.231
General.
§58.232
Milk.
§58.233
Skim milk.
§58.234
Buttermilk.
§58.235
Modified dry milk products.

Operations and Operating Procedures

§58.236
Pasteurization and heat treatment.
§58.237
Condensed surge supply.
§58.238
Condensed storage tanks.
§58.239
Drying.
§58.240
Cooling dry products.
§58.241
Packaging, repackaging and storage.
§58.242
Product adulteration.
§58.243
Checking quality.
§58.244
Number of samples.
§58.245
Method of sample analysis.
§58.246
Cleaning of dryers, collectors, conveyors, ducts, sifters and storage bins.
§58.247
Insect and rodent control program.

Requirements for Finished Products Bearing USDA Official Identification

§58.248
Nonfat dry milk.
§58.249
Instant nonfat dry milk.
§58.250
Dry whole milk.
§58.251
Dry buttermilk and dry buttermilk product.

Supplemental Specifications for Plants Manufacturing, Processing and Packaging Butter and Related Products

Definitions

§58.305
Meaning of words.

Rooms and Compartments

§58.311
Coolers and freezers.
§58.312
Churn rooms.
§58.313
Print and bulk packaging rooms.

Equipment and Utensils

§58.314
General construction, repair and installation.
§58.315
Continuous churns.
§58.316
Conventional churns.
§58.317
Bulk butter trucks, boats, texturizers, and packers.
§58.318
Butter, frozen or plastic cream melting machines.
§58.319
Printing equipment.
§58.320
Brine tanks.
§58.321
Cream storage tanks.

Quality Specifications for Raw Material

§58.322
Cream.
§58.323
[Reserved]
§58.324
Butteroil.
§58.325
Anhydrous milkfat.
§58.326
Plastic cream.
§58.327
Frozen cream.
§58.328
Salt.
§58.329
Color.
§58.330
Butter starter cultures.
§58.331
Starter distillate.

Operations and Operating Procedures

§58.332
Segregation of raw material.
§58.334
Pasteurization.
§58.335
Quality control tests.
§58.336
Frequency of sampling for quality control of cream, butter and related products.
§58.337
Official test methods.
§58.338
Composition and wholesomeness.
§58.339
Containers.
§58.340
Printing and packaging.
§58.341
Repackaging.
§58.342
General identification.
§58.343
Storage of finished product in coolers.
§58.344
Storage of finished product in freezer.

Requirements for Finished Products Bearing USDA Official Identification

§58.345
Butter.
§58.346
Whipped butter.
§58.347
Butteroil or anhydrous milkfat.
§58.348
Plastic cream.
§58.349
Frozen cream.

Supplemental Specifications for Plants Manufacturing and Packaging Cheese

Definitions

§58.405
Meaning of words.

Rooms and Compartments

§58.406
Starter facility.
§58.407
Make room.
§58.408
Brine room.
§58.409
Drying room.
§58.410
Paraffining room.
§58.411
Rindless cheese wrapping area.
§58.412
Coolers or curing rooms.
§58.413
Cutting and packaging rooms.

Equipment and Utensils

§58.414
General construction, repair and installation.
§58.415
Starter vats.
§58.416
Cheese vats, tanks and drain tables.
§58.417
Mechanical agitators.
§58.418
Automatic cheese making equipment.
§58.419
Curd mill and miscellaneous equipment.
§58.420
Hoops, forms and followers.
§58.421
Press.
§58.422
Brine tank.
§58.423
Cheese vacuumizing chamber.
§58.424
Monorail.
§58.425
Conveyor for moving and draining block or barrel cheese.
§58.426
Rindless cheese wrapping equipment.
§58.427
Paraffin tanks.
§58.428
Speciality equipment.
§58.429
Washing machine.

Quality Specifications for Raw Material

§58.430
Milk.
§58.431
Hydrogen peroxide.
§58.432
Catalase.
§58.433
Cheese cultures.
§58.434
Calcium chloride.
§58.435
Color.
§58.436
Rennet, pepsin, other milk clotting enzymes and flavor enzymes.
§58.437
Salt.

Operations and Operating Procedures

§58.438
Cheese from pasteurized milk.
§58.439
Cheese from unpasteurized milk.
§58.440
Make schedule.
§58.441
Records.
§58.442
Laboratory and quality control tests.
§58.443
Whey handling.
§58.444
Packaging and repackaging.
§58.445
General identification.

Requirements for Finished Products Bearing USDA Official Identification

§58.446
Quality requirements.

Supplemental Specifications for Plants Manufacturing and Packaging Cottage Cheese

Definitions

§58.505
Meaning of words.

Rooms and Compartments

§58.510
Rooms and compartments.

Equipment and Utensils

§58.511
General construction, repair and installation.
§58.512
Cheese vats or tanks.
§58.513
Agitators.
§58.514
Container fillers.
§58.515
Mixers.
§58.516
Starter vats.

Quality Specifications for Raw Material

§58.517
General.
§58.518
Milk.
§58.519
Dairy products.
§58.520
Nondairy ingredients.

Operations and Operating Procedures

§58.521
Pasteurization and product flow.
§58.522
Reconstituting nonfat dry milk.
§58.523
Laboratory and quality control tests.
§58.524
Packaging and general identification.
§58.525
Storage of finished product.

Requirements for Cottage Cheese Bearing USDA Official Identification

§58.526
Official identification.
§58.527
Physical requirements.
§58.528
Microbiological requirements.
§58.529
Chemical requirements.
§58.530
Keeping quality requirements.

Supplemental Specifications for Plants Manufacturing, Processing and Packaging Frozen Desserts

Definitions

§58.605
Meaning of words.

Rooms and Compartments

§58.619
Mix processing room.
§58.620
Freezing and packaging rooms.
§58.621
Freezing tunnels.
§58.622
Hardening and storage rooms.

Equipment and Utensils

§58.623
Homogenizer.
§58.624
Freezers.
§58.625
Fruit or syrup feeders.
§58.626
Packaging equipment.

Quality Specifications for Raw Material

§58.627
Milk and dairy products.
§58.628
Sweetening agents.
§58.629
Flavoring agents.
§58.630
Stabilizers.
§58.631
Emulsifiers.
§58.632
Acid.
§58.633
Color.

Operations and Operating Procedures

§58.634
Assembling and combining mix ingredients.
§58.635
Pasteurization of the mix.
§58.636
Homogenization.
§58.637
Cooling the mix.
§58.638
Freezing the mix.
§58.639
Addition of flavor.
§58.640
Packaging.
§58.641
Hardening and storage.
§58.642
Quality control tests.
§58.643
Frequency of sampling.
§58.644
Test methods.
§58.645
General identification.

Requirements for Finished Products Bearing USDA Official Identification

§58.646
Official identification.
§58.647
Composition requirements for ice cream.
§58.648
Microbiological requirements for ice cream.
§58.649
Physical requirements for ice cream.
§58.650
Requirements for frozen custard.
§58.651
[Reserved]
§58.652
Composition requirements for sherbet.
§58.653
Microbiological requirements for sherbet.
§58.654
Physical requirements for sherbet.

Supplemental Specifications for Plants Manufacturing, Processing and Packaging Pasteurized Process Cheese and Related Products

Definitions

§58.705
Meaning of words.

Equipment and Utensils

§58.706
General construction, repair and installation.
§58.707
Conveyors.
§58.708
Grinders or shredders.
§58.709
Cookers.
§58.710
Fillers.

Quality Specifications for Raw Material

§58.711
Cheddar, colby, washed or soaked curd, granular or stirred curd cheese.
§58.712
Swiss.
§58.713
Gruyere.
§58.714
Cream cheese, Neufchatel cheese.
§58.715
Cream, plastic cream and anhydrous milkfat.
§58.716
Nonfat dry milk.
§58.717
Whey.
§58.718
Flavor ingredients.
§58.719
Coloring.
§58.720
Acidifying agents.
§58.721
Salt.
§58.722
Emulsifying agents.

Operations and Operating Procedures

§58.723
Basis for selecting cheese for processing.
§58.724
Blending.
§58.725
Trimming and cleaning.
§58.726
Cutting and grinding.
§58.727
Adding optional ingredients.
§58.728
Cooking the batch.
§58.729
Forming containers.
§58.730
Filling containers.
§58.731
Closing and sealing containers.
§58.732
Cooling the packaged cheese.
§58.733
Quality control tests.

Requirements for Processed Cheese Products Bearing USDA Official Identification

§58.734
Official identification.
§58.735
Quality specifications for raw materials.

Quality Specifications for Finished Products

§58.736
Pasteurized process cheese.
§58.737
Pasteurized process cheese food.
§58.738
Pasteurized process cheese spread and related products.

Supplemental Specifications for Plants Manufacturing, Processing, and Packaging Whey, Whey Products and Lactose

Definitions

§58.805
Meaning of words.

Rooms and Compartments

§58.806
General.

Equipment and Utensils

§58.807
General construction, repair and installation.

Quality Specifications for Raw Materials

§58.808
Whey.

Operations and Operating Procedures

§58.809
Pasteurization.
§58.810
Temperature requirements.
§58.811
General.
§58.812
Methods of sample analysis.

Requirements for Finished Products Bearing USDA Official Identification

§58.813
Dry whey.

Supplemental Specifications for Plants Manufacturing, Processing, and Packaging Evaporated and Condensed Milk or Ultra-Pasteurized Products

definitions

§58.905
Meaning of words.

Equipment and Utensils

§58.912
General construction, repair and installation.
§58.913
Evaporators and vacuum pans.
§58.914
Fillers.
§58.915
Batch or continuous in-container thermal processing equipment.
§58.916
Homogenizer.

Operations and Operating Procedures

§58.917
General.
§58.918
Standardization.
§58.919
Pre-heat, pasteurization.
§58.920
Homogenization.
§58.921
Concentration.
§58.922
Thermal processing.
§58.923
Filling containers.
§58.924
Aseptic filling.
§58.925
Sweetened condensed.
§58.926
Heat stability.
§58.927
Storage.
§58.928
Quality control tests.
§58.929
Frequency of sampling for quality control.
§58.930
Official test methods.
§58.931
General identification.

Quality Specifications for Raw Materials

§58.932
Milk.
§58.933
Stabilizers.
§58.934
Sugars.
§58.935
Chocolate and cocoa.

Requirements for Finished Products Bearing USDA Official Identification

§58.936
Milk.
§58.937
Physical requirements for evaporated milk.
§58.938
Physical requirements and microbiological limits for sweetened condensed milk.
rule

Subparts C-V [Reserved]

rule

Subpart W—UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE STANDARD FOR ICE CREAM

§58.2825
United States Standard for ice cream.
§58.2826
General identification.
§58.2827
Official identification.


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