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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR Data is current as of April 21, 2014

Title 40: Protection of Environment
PART 180—TOLERANCES AND EXEMPTIONS FOR PESTICIDE CHEMICAL RESIDUES IN FOOD
Subpart B—Procedural Regulations


§180.41   Crop group tables.

(a) The tables in this section are to be used in conjunction with §180.40 to establish crop group tolerances.

(b) Commodities not listed are not considered as included in the groups for the purposes of this paragraph, and individual tolerances must be established. Miscellaneous commodities intentionally not included in any group include asparagus, avocado, banana, fig, globe artichoke, hops, mango, papaya, pawpaw, peanut, persimmon, pineapple, water chestnut, and watercress.

(c) Each group is identified by a group name and consists of a list of representative commodities followed by a list of all commodity members for the group. If the group includes subgroups, each subgroup lists the subgroup name, the representative commodity or commodities, and the member commodities for the subgroup. Subgroups, which are a subset of their associated crop group, are established for some but not all crops groups.

(1) Crop Group 1: Root and Tuber Vegetables Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Carrot, potato, radish, and sugar beet.

(ii) Table. The following table 1 lists all the commodities included in Crop Group 1 and identifies the related crop subgroups.

Table 1—Crop Group 1: Root and Tuber Vegetables

CommoditiesRelated crop subgroups
Arracacha (Arracacia xanthorrhiza)1C, 1D
Arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea)1C, 1D
Artichoke, Chinese (Stachys affinis)1C, 1D
Artichoke, Jerusalem (Helianthus tuberosus)1C, 1D
Beet, garden (Beta vulgaris)1A, 1B
Beet, sugar (Beta vulgaris)1A
Burdock, edible (Arctium lappa)1A, 1B
Canna, edible (Queensland arrowroot) (Canna indica)1C, 1D
Carrot (Daucus carota)1A, 1B
Cassava, bitter and sweet (Manihot esculenta)1C, 1D
Celeriac (celery root) (Apium graveolens var. rapaceum)1A, 1B
Chayote (root) (Sechium edule)1C, 1D
Chervil, turnip-rooted (Chaerophyllum bulbosum).1A, 1B
Chicory (Cichorium intybus)1A, 1B
Chufa (Cyperus esculentus)1C, 1D
Dasheen (taro) (Colocasia esculenta)1C, 1D
Ginger (Zingiber officinale)1C, 1D
Ginseng (Panax quinquefolius)1A, 1B
Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana)1A, 1B
Leren (Calathea allouia)1C, 1D
Parsley, turnip-rooted (Petroselinum crispum var. tuberosum)1A, 1B
Parsnip (Pastinaca sativa)1A, 1B
Potato (Solanum tuberosum)1C
Radish (Raphanus sativus)1A, 1B
Radish, oriental (daikon) (Raphanus sativus subvar. longipinnatus)1A, 1B
Rutabaga (Brassica campestris var. napobrassica)1A, 1B
Salsify (oyster plant) (Tragopogon porrifolius).1A, 1B
Salsify, black (Scorzonera hispanica)1A, 1B
Salsify, Spanish (Scolymus hispanicus)1A, 1B
Skirret (Sium sisarum)1A, 1B
Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas)1C, 1D
Tanier (cocoyam) (Xanthosoma sagittifolium)1C, 1D
Turmeric (Curcuma longa)1C, 1D
Turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa)1A, 1B
Yam bean (jicama, manoic pea) (Pachyrhizus spp.)1C, 1D
Yam, true (Dioscorea spp.)1C, 1D

(iii) Table. The following table 2 identifies the crop subgroups for Crop Group 1, specifies the representative commodity(ies) for each subgroup, and lists all the commodities included in each subgroup.

Table 2—Crop Group 1 Subgroup Listing

Representative commoditiesCommodities
Crop Subgroup 1A. Root vegetables subgroup.
Carrot, radish, and sugar beet.Beet, garden; beet, sugar; burdock, edible; carrot; celeriac; chervil, turnip-rooted; chicory; ginseng; horseradish; parsley, turnip-rooted; parsnip; radish; radish, oriental; rutabaga; salsify; salsify, black; salsify, Spanish; skirret; turnip.
Crop Subgroup 1B. Root vegetables (except sugar beet) subgroup.
Carrot and radish.Beet, garden; burdock, edible; carrot; celeriac; chervil, turnip-rooted; chicory; ginseng; horseradish; parsley, turnip-rooted; parsnip; radish; radish, oriental; rutabaga; salsify; salsify, black; salsify, Spanish; skirret; turnip.
Crop Subgroup 1C. Tuberous and corm vegetables subgroup.
Potato.Arracacha; arrowroot; artichoke, Chinese; artichoke, Jerusalem; canna, edible; cassava, bitter and sweet; chayote (root); chufa; dasheen; ginger; leren; potato; sweet potato; tanier; turmeric; yam bean; yam, true.
Crop Subgroup 1D. Tuberous and corm vegetables (except potato) subgroup.
Sweet potato.Arracacha; arrowroot; artichoke, Chinese; artichoke, Jerusalem; canna, edible; cassava, bitter and sweet; chayote (root); chufa; dasheen; ginger; leren; sweet potato; tanier; turmeric; yam bean; yam, true.

(2) Crop Group 2. Leaves of Root and Tuber Vegetables (Human Food or Animal Feed) Group (Human Food or Animal Feed) Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Turnip and garden beet or sugar beet.

(ii) Commodities. The following is a list of all the commodities included in Crop Group 2:

Crop Group 2: Leaves of Root and Tuber Vegetables (Human Food or Animal Feed) Group—Commodities

Beet, garden (Beta vulgaris)

Beet, sugar (Beta vulgaris)

Burdock, edible (Arctium lappa)

Carrot (Daucus carota)

Cassava, bitter and sweet (Manihot esculenta)

Celeriac (celery root) (Apium graveolens var. rapaceum)

Chervil, turnip-rooted (Chaerophyllum bulbosum)

Chicory (Cichorium intybus)

Dasheen (taro) (Colocasia esculenta)

Parsnip (Pastinaca sativa)

Radish (Raphanus sativus)

Radish, oriental (daikon) (Raphanus sativus subvar. longipinnatus)

Rutabaga (Brassica campestris var. napobrassica)

Salsify, black (Scorzonera hispanica)

Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas)

Tanier (cocoyam) (Xanthosoma sagittifolium)

Turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa)

Yam, true (Dioscorea spp.)

(3) Crop Group 3. Bulb Vegetables (Allium spp.) Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Onion, green; and onion, dry bulb.

(ii) Commodities. The following is a list of all the commodities in Crop Group 3.

Crop Group 3: Bulb Vegetable (Allium spp.) Group—Commodities

Garlic, bulb (Allium sativum)
Garlic, great headed, (elephant) (Allium ampeloprasum var. ampeloprasum)
Leek (Allium ampeloprasum, A. porrum, A. tricoccum)
Onion, dry bulb and green (Allium cepa, A. fistulosum)
Onion, Welsh, (Allium fistulosum)
Shallot (Allium cepa var. cepa)

(4) Crop Group 3-07. Bulb Vegetable Group.

(i) Representative Commodities. Onion, bulb and onion, green.

(ii) Table. The following Table 1 lists all the commodities listed in Crop Group 3-07 and identifies the related crop subgroups.

Table 1—Crop Group 3-07: Bulb Vegetable Group

CommoditiesRelated crop subgroups
Chive, fresh leaves (Allium schoenoprasum L.)3-07B
Chive, Chinese, fresh leaves (Allium tuberosum Rottler ex Spreng)3-07B
Daylily, bulb (Hemerocallis fulva (L.) L. var. fulva)3-07A
Elegans hosta (Hosta Sieboldiana (Hook.) Engl)3-07B
Fritillaria, bulb (Fritillaria L. fritillary)3-07A
Fritillaria, leaves (Fritillaria L. fritillary)3-07B
Garlic, bulb (Allium sativum L. var. sativum) (A. sativum Common Garlic Group)3-07A
Garlic, great headed, bulb (Allium ampeloprasum L. var. ampeloprasum) (A. ampeloprasum Great Headed Garlic Group)3-07A
Garlic, Serpent, bulb (Allium sativum var. ophioscorodon or A. sativum Ophioscorodon Group)3-07A
Kurrat (Allium kurrat Schweinf. Ex. K. Krause or A. ampeloprasum Kurrat Group)3-07B
Lady's leek (Allium cernuum Roth)3-07B
Leek Allium porrum L. (syn: A. ampeloprasum L. var. porrum (L.) J. Gay) (A.ampeloprasum Leek Group)3-07B
Leek, wild (Allium tricoccum Aiton)3-07B
Lily, bulb (Lilium spp. (Lilium Leichtlinii var. maximowiczii, Lilium lancifolium))3-07A
Onion, Beltsville bunching (Allium x proliferum (Moench) Schrad.) (syn: Allium fistulosum L. x A. cepa L.)3-07B
Onion, bulb (Allium cepa L. var. cepa) (A. cepa Common Onion Group)3-07A
Onion, Chinese, bulb (Allium chinense G. Don.) (syn: A. bakeri Regel)3-07A
Onion, fresh (Allium fistulosum L. var. caespitosum Makino)3-07B
Onion, green (Allium cepa L. var. cepa) (A. cepa Common Onion Group)3-07B
Onion, macrostem (Allium macrostemom Bunge)3-07B
Onion, pearl (Allium porrum var. sectivum or A. ampeloprasum Pearl Onion Group)3-07A
Onion, potato, bulb (Allium cepa L. var. aggregatum G. Don.) (A. cepa Aggregatum Group)3-07A
Onion, tree, tops (Allium x proliferum (Moench) Schrad. ex Willd.) (syn: A. cepa var. proliferum (Moench) Regel; A. cepa L. var. bulbiferum L.H. Bailey; A. cepa L. var. viviparum (Metz.) Alef.)3-07B
Onion, Welsh, tops (Allium fistulosum L.)3-07B
Shallot, bulb (Allium cepa var. aggregatum G. Don.)3-07A
Shallot, fresh leaves (Allium cepa var. aggregatum G. Don.)3-07B
Cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these.   

(iii) Table. The following Table 2 identifies the crop subgroups for Crop Group 3-07, specifies the representative commodities for each subgroup and lists all the commodities included in each subgroup.

Table 2—Crop Group 3-07: Subgroup Listing

Representative commoditiesCommodities
Crop subgroup 3-07A. Onion, bulb, subgroup.
Onion, bulb.
Daylily, bulb; fritillaria, bulb; garlic, bulb; garlic, great-headed, bulb; garlic, serpent, bulb; lily, bulb; onion, bulb; onion, Chinese, bulb; onion, pearl; onion, potato, bulb; shallot, bulb; cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these.
Crop subgroup 3-07B. Onion, green, subgroup.
Onion, green.
Chive, fresh leaves; chive, Chinese, fresh leaves; elegans hosta; fritillaria, leaves; kurrat; lady's leek; leek; leek, wild; Onion, Beltsville bunching; onion, fresh; onion, green; onion, macrostem; onion, tree, tops; onion, Welsh, tops; shallot, fresh leaves; cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these.

(5) Crop Group 4. Leafy Vegetables (Except Brassica Vegetables) Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Celery, head lettuce, leaf lettuce, and spinach (Spinacia oleracea).

(ii) Table. The following table 1 lists all the commodities included in Crop Group 4 and identifies the related crop subgroups.

Table 1—Crop Group 4: Leafy Vegetables (Except BRASSICA Vegetables) Group

CommoditiesRelated crop subgroups
Amaranth (leafy amaranth, Chinese spinach, tampala) (Amaranthus spp.)4A
Arugula (Roquette) (Eruca sativa)4A
Cardoon (Cynara cardunculus)4B
Celery (Apium graveolens var. dulce)4B
Celery, Chinese (Apium graveolens var. secalinum)4B
Celtuce (Lactuca sativa var. angustana)4B
Chervil (Anthriscus cerefolium)4A
Chrysanthemum, edible-leaved (Chrysanthemum coronarium var. coronarium)4A
Chrysanthemum, garland (Chrysanthemum coronarium var. spatiosum)4A
Corn salad (Valerianella locusta)4A
Cress, garden (Lepidium sativum)4A
Cress, upland (yellow rocket, winter cress) (Barbarea vulgaris)4A
Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)4A
Dock (sorrel) (Rumex spp.)4A
Endive (escarole) (Cichorium endivia)4A
Fennel, Florence (finochio) (Foeniculum vulgare Azoricum Group)4B
Lettuce, head and leaf (Lactuca sativa)4A
Orach (Atriplex hortensis)4A
Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)4A
Purslane, garden (Portulaca oleracea)4A
Purslane, winter (Montia perfoliata)4A
Radicchio (red chicory) (Cichorium intybus)4A
Rhubarb (Rheum rhabarbarum)4B
Spinach (Spinacia oleracea)4A
Spinach, New Zealand (Tetragonia tetragonioides, T. expansa)4A
Spinach, vine (Malabar spinach, Indian spinach) (Basella alba)4A
Swiss chard (Beta vulgaris var. cicla)4B

(iii) Table. The following table 2 identifies the crop subgroups for Crop Group 4, specifies the representative commodities for each subgroup, and lists all the commodities included in each subgroup.

Table 2—Crop Group 4 Subgroup Listing

Representative commoditiesCommodities
Crop Subgroup 4A. Leafy greens subgroup.
Head lettuce and leaf lettuce, and spinach (Spinacia oleracea)Amaranth; arugula; chervil; chrysanthemum, edible-leaved; chrysanthemum, garland; corn salad; cress, garden; cress, upland; dandelion; dock; endive; lettuce; orach; parsley; purslane, garden; purslane, winter; radicchio (red chicory); spinach; spinach, New Zealand; spinach, vine.
Crop Subgroup 4B. Leaf petioles subgroup.
Celery.Cardoon; celery; celery, Chinese; celtuce; fennel, Florence; rhubarb; Swiss chard.

(6) Crop Group 5. Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Broccoli or cauliflower; cabbage; and mustard greens.

(ii) Table. The following table 1 lists all the commodities included in Crop Group 5 and identifies the related crop subgroups.

Table 1—Crop Group 5: Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables

CommoditiesRelated crop subgroups
Broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis)5A
Broccoli, Chinese (gai lon) (Brassica alboglabra)5A
Broccoli raab (rapini) (Brassica campestris)5B
Brussels sprouts (Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera)5A
Cabbage (Brassica oleracea)5A
Cabbage, Chinese (bok choy) (Brassica chinensis)5B
Cabbage, Chinese (napa) (Brassica pekinensis)5A
Cabbage, Chinese mustard (gai choy) (Brassica campestris)5A
Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis)5A
Cavalo broccolo (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis)5A
Collards (Brassica oleracea var. acephala)5B
Kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala)5B
Kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes)5A
Mizuna (Brassica rapa Japonica Group)5B
Mustard greens (Brassica juncea)5B
Mustard spinach (Brassica rapa Perviridis Group)5B
Rape greens (Brassica napus)5B

(iii) Table. The following table 2 identifies the crop subgroups for Crop Group 5, specifies the representative commodity(ies) for each subgroup, and lists all the commodities included in each subgroup.

Table 2—Crop Group 5 Subgroup Listing

Representative commoditiesCommodities
Crop Subgroup 5A. Head and stem Brassica subgroup
Broccoli or cauliflower; and cabbageBroccoli; broccoli, Chinese; brussels sprouts; cabbage; cabbage, Chinese (napa); cabbage, Chinese mustard; cauliflower; cavalo broccolo; kohlrabi
Crop Subgroup 5B. Leafy Brassica greens subgroup.
Mustard greensBroccoli raab; cabbage, Chinese (bok choy); collards; kale; mizuna; mustard greens; mustard spinach; rape greens

(7) Crop Group 6. Legume Vegetables (Succulent or Dried) Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Bean (Phaseolus spp.; one succulent cultivar and one dried cultivar); pea (Pisum spp.; one succulent cultivar and one dried cultivar); and soybean.

(ii) Table. The following table 1 lists all the commodities included in Crop Group 6 and identifies the related crop subgroups.

Table 1—Crop Group 6: Legume Vegetables (Succulent or Dried)

CommoditiesRelated crop subgroups
Bean (Lupinus spp.) (includes grain lupin, sweet lupin, white lupin, and white sweet lupin)6C
Bean (Phaseolus spp.) (includes field bean, kidney bean, lima bean, navy bean, pinto bean, runner bean, snap bean, tepary bean, wax bean)6A, 6B, 6C
Bean (Vigna spp.) (includes adzuki bean, asparagus bean, blackeyed pea, catjang, Chinese longbean, cowpea, Crowder pea, moth bean, mung bean, rice bean, southern pea, urd bean, yardlong bean)6A, 6B, 6C
Broad bean (fava bean) (Vicia faba)6B, 6C
Chickpea (garbanzo bean) (Cicer arietinum)6C
Guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba)6C
Jackbean (Canavalia ensiformis)6A
Lablab bean (hyacinth bean) (Lablab purpureus)6C
Lentil (Lens esculenta)6C
Pea (Pisum spp.) (includes dwarf pea, edible-pod pea, En glish pea, field pea, garden pea, green pea, snow pea, sugar snap pea)6A, 6B, 6C
Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan)6A, 6B, 6C
Soybean (Glycine max)N/A
Soybean (immature seed) (Glycine max)6A
Sword bean (Canavalia gladiata)6A

(iii) Table. The following table 2 identifies the crop subgroups for Crop Group 6, specifies the representative commodities for each subgroup, and lists all the commodities included in each subgroup.

Table 2—Crop Group 6 Subgroup Listing

Representative commoditiesCommodities
Crop Subgroup 6A. Edible-podded legume vegetables subgroup.
Any one succulent cultivar of edible-podded bean (Phaseolus spp.) and any one succulent cultivar of edible-podded pea (Pisum spp.).Bean (Phaseolus spp.) (includes runner bean, snap bean, wax bean); bean (Vigna spp.) (includes asparagus bean, Chinese longbean, moth bean, yardlong bean); jackbean; pea (Pisum spp.) (includes dwarf pea, edible-pod pea, snow pea, sugar snap pea); pigeon pea; soybean (immature seed); sword bean.
Crop Subgroup 6B. Succulent shelled pea and bean subgroup.
Any succulent shelled cultivar of bean (Phaseolus spp.) and garden pea (Pisum spp.).Bean (Phaseolus spp.) (includes lima bean (green)); broad bean (succulent); bean (Vigna spp.) (includes blackeyed pea, cowpea, southern pea); pea (Pisum spp.) (includes English pea, garden pea, green pea); pigeon pea.
Crop Subgroup 6C. Dried shelled pea and bean (except soybean) subgroup
Any one dried cultivar of bean (Phaseolus spp.); and any one dried cultivar of pea (Pisum spp.)Dried cultivars of bean (Lupinus spp.) (includes grain lupin, sweet lupin, white lupin, and white sweet lupin); (Phaseolus spp.) (includes field bean, kidney bean, lima bean (dry), navy bean, pinto bean; tepary bean; bean (Vigna spp.) (includes adzuki bean, blackeyed pea, catjang, cowpea, Crowder pea, moth bean, mung bean, rice bean, southern pea, urd bean); broad bean (dry); chickpea; guar; lablab bean; lentil; pea (Pisum spp.) (includes field pea); pigeon pea.

(8) Crop Group 7. Foliage of Legume Vegetables Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Any cultivar of bean (Phaseolus spp.), field pea (Pisum spp.), and soybean.

(ii) Table. The following table 1 lists the commodities included in Crop Group 7.

Table 1—Crop Group 7: Foliage of Legume Vegetables Group

Representative commoditiesCommodities
Any cultivar of bean (Phaseolus spp.) and field pea (Pisum spp.), and soybean (Glycine max)Plant parts of any legume vegetable included in the legume vegetables that will be used as animal feed.

(iii) Table. The following table 2 identifies the crop subgroup for Crop Group 7 and specifies the representative commodities for the subgroup, and lists all the commodities included in the subgroup.

Table 2—Crop Group 7 Subgroup Listing

Representative commoditiesCommodities
Crop Subgroup 7A. Foliage of legume vegetables (except soybeans) subgroup
Any cultivar of bean (Phaseolus spp.), and field pea (Pisum spp.)Plant parts of any legume vegetable (except soybeans) included in the legume vegetables group that will be used as animal feed.

(9) Crop Group 8. Fruiting Vegetables Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Tomato, bell pepper, and one cultivar of non-bell pepper.

(ii) Commodities. The following is a list of all the commodities included in Crop Group 8:

Crop Group 8: Fruiting Vegetables (Except Cucurbits)—Commodities

Eggplant (Solanum melongena)

Groundcherry (Physalis spp.)

Pepino (Solanum muricatum)

Pepper (Capsicum spp.) (includes bell pepper, chili pepper, cooking pepper, pimento, sweet pepper)

Tomatillo (Physalis ixocarpa)

Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)

(10) Crop Group 8-10. Fruiting Vegetable Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Tomato, standard size, and one cultivar of small tomato; bell pepper and one cultivar of small nonbell pepper.

(ii) Commodities. The following is a list of all commodities included in the Crop group 8-10.

Table 1—Crop Group 8-10: Fruiting Vegetable Group

CommoditiesRelated crop subgroups
African eggplant, Solanum macrocarpon L8-10B, 8-10C
Bush tomato, Solanum centrale J.M. Black8-10A
Cocona, Solanum sessiliflorum Dunal8-10A
Currant tomato, Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium L8-10A
Eggplant, Solanum melongena L8-10B, 8-10C
Garden huckleberry, Solanum scabrum Mill8-10A
Goji berry, Lycium barbarum L8-10A
Groundcherry, Physalis alkekengi L., P. grisea (Waterf.) M. Martinez, P. peruviana L., P. pubescens L8-10A
Martynia, Proboscidea louisianica (Mill.) Thell8-10B, 8-10C
Naranjilla, Solanum quitoense Lam8-10A
Okra, Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench8-10B, 8-10C
Pea eggplant, Solanum torvum Sw.8-10B, 8-10C
Pepino, Solanum muricatum Aiton8-10B, 8-10C
Pepper, bell, Capsicum annuum L. var. annuum, Capsicum spp8-10B
Pepper, nonbell, Capsicum chinese Jacq., C. annuum L. var. annuum, C. frutescens L., C. baccatum L., C. pubescens Ruiz & Pav., Capsicum spp8-10B, 8-10C
Roselle, Hibiscus sabdariffa L8-10B, 8-10C
Scarlet eggplant, Solanum aethiopicum L8-10B, 8-10C
Sunberry, Solanum retroflexum Dunal8-10A
Tomatillo, Physalis philadelphica Lam8-10A
Tomato, Solanum lycopersicum L., Solanum lycopersicum L. var. lycopersicum8-10A
Tree tomato, Solanum betaceum Cav8-10A
Cultivars, varieties and/or hybrids of these

(iii) Table. The following Table 2 identifies the crop subgroups for Crop Group 8-10, specifies the representative commodities for each subgroup and lists all the commodities included in each subgroup.

Table 2—Crop Group 8-10. Subgroup Listing

Representative commoditiesCommodities
Crop subgroup 8-10A. Tomato subgroup
Tomato, standard size, and one cultivar of small tomatoBush tomato; cocona; currant tomato; garden huckleberry; goji berry; groundcherry; naranjilla; sunberry; tomatillo; tomato; tree tomato; cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these.
Crop subgroup 8-10B. Pepper/Eggplant subgroup
Bell pepper and one cultivar of small nonbell pepperAfrican eggplant; bell pepper; eggplant; Martynia; nonbell pepper; okra; pea eggplant; pepino; roselle; scarlet eggplant; cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these.
Crop subgroup 8-10C. Nonbell pepper/Eggplant subgroup
One cultivar of small nonbell pepper or one cultivar of small eggplantAfrican eggplant; eggplant; martynia; nonbell pepper; okra; pea eggplant; pepino; roselle; scarlet eggplant; cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these.

(11) Crop Group 9. Cucurbit Vegetables Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Cucumber, muskmelon, and summer squash.

(ii) Table. The following table 1 lists all the commodities included in Crop Group 9 and identifies the related subgroups.

Table 1—Crop Group 9: Cucurbit Vegetables

CommoditiesRelated crop subgroups
Chayote (fruit) (Sechium edule)9B
Chinese waxgourd (Chinese preserving melon) (Benincasa hispida)9B
Citron melon (Citrullus lanatus var. citroides)9A
Cucumber (Cucumis sativus)9B
Gherkin (Cucumis anguria)9B
Gourd, edible (Lagenaria spp.) (includes hyotan, cucuzza); (Luffa acutangula, L. cylindrica) (includes hechima, Chinese okra)9B
Momordica spp. (includes balsam apple, balsam pear, bitter melon, Chinese cucumber)9B
Muskmelon (hybrids and/or cultivars of Cucumis melo) (includes true cantaloupe, cantaloupe, casaba, crenshaw melon, golden pershaw melon, honeydew melon, honey balls, mango melon, Persian melon, pineapple melon, Santa Claus melon, and snake melon)9A
Pumpkin (Cucurbita spp.)9B
Squash, summer (Cucurbita pepo var. melopepo) (includes crookneck squash, scallop squash, straightneck squash, vegetable marrow, zucchini)9B
Squash, winter (Cucurbita maxima; C. moschata) (includes butternut squash, calabaza, hubbard squash); (C. mixta; C. pepo) (includes acorn squash, spaghetti squash)9B
Watermelon (includes hybrids and/or varieties of Citrullus lanatus)9A

(iii) Table. The following table 2 identifies the crop subgroups for Crop Group 9, specifies the representative commodities for each subgroup, and lists all the commodities included in each subgroup.

Table 2—Crop Group 9 Subgroup Listing

Representative commoditiesCommodities
Crop Subgroup 9A. Melon subgroup
CantaloupesCitron melon; muskmelon; watermelon
Crop Subgroup 9B. Squash/cucumber subgroup
One cultivar of summer squash and cucumber.Chayote (fruit); Chinese waxgourd; cucumber; gherkin; gourd, edible; Momordica spp.; pumpkin; squash, summer; squash, winter.

(12) Crop Group 10. Citrus Fruit Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Sweet orange; lemon and grapefruit.

(ii) Commodities. The following is a list of all the commodities in Crop Group 10:

Crop Group 10: Citrus Fruits (Citrus spp., Fortunella spp.) Group—Commodities

Calamondin (Citrus mitis×Citrofortunella mitis)

Citrus citron (Citrus medica)

Citrus hybrids (Citrus spp.) (includes chironja, tangelo, tangor)

Grapefruit (Citrus paradisi)

Kumquat (Fortunella spp.)

Lemon (Citrus jambhiri, Citrus limon)

Lime (Citrus aurantiifolia)

Mandarin (tangerine) (Citrus reticulata)

Orange, sour (Citrus aurantium)

Orange, sweet (Citrus sinensis)

Pummelo (Citrus grandis, Citrus maxima)

Satsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu)

(13) Crop Group 10-10. Citrus Fruit Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Orange or Tangerine/Mandarin, Lemon or Lime, and Grapefruit.

(ii) Commodities. The following is a list of all the commodities in Crop Group 10-10.

Table 1—Crop Group 10-10: Citrus Fruit Group

CommoditiesRelated crop subgroups
Australian desert lime, Eremocitrus glauca (Lindl.) Swingle10-10B
Australian finger lime, Microcitrus australasica (F. Muell.) Swingle10-10B
Australian round lime, Microcitrus australis (A. Cunn. Ex Mudie) Swingle10-10B
Brown River finger lime, Microcitrus papuana Winters10-10B
Calamondin, Citrofortunella microcarpa (Bunge) Wijnands10-10A
Citron, Citrus medica L10-10A
Citrus hybrids, Citrus spp. Eremocitrus spp., Fortunella spp., Microcitrus spp., and Poncirus spp10-10A
Grapefruit, Citrus paradisi Macfad10-10C
Japanese summer grapefruit, Citrus natsudaidai Hayata10-10C
Kumquat, Fortunella spp10-10B
Lemon, Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f10-10B
Lime, Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle10-10B
Mediterranean mandarin, Citrus deliciosa Ten10-10A
Mount White lime, Microcitrus garrowayae (F.M. Bailey) Swingle10-10B
New Guinea wild lime, Microcitrus warburgiana (F.M. Bailey) Tanaka10-10B
Orange, sour, Citrus aurantium L10-10A
Orange, sweet, Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck10-10A
Pummelo, Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr10-10C
Russell River lime, Microcitrus inodora (F.M. Bailey) Swingle10-10B
Satsuma mandarin, Citrus unshiu Marcow10-10A
Sweet lime, Citrus limetta Risso10-10B
Tachibana orange, Citrus tachibana (Makino) Tanaka10-10A
Tahiti lime, Citrus latifolia (Yu. Tanaka) Tanaka10-10B
Tangelo, Citrus xtangelo J.W. Ingram & H.E. Moore10-10A, 10-10C
Tangerine (Mandarin), Citrus reticulata Blanco10-10A
Tangor, Citrus nobilis Lour10-10A
Trifoliate orange, Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf10-10A
Uniq fruit, Citrus aurantium Tangelo group10-10C
Cultivars, varieties and/or hybrids of these

(iii) Table. The following Table 2 identifies the crop subgroups for Crop Group 10-10, specifies the representative commodities for each subgroup and lists all the commodities included in each subgroup.

Table 2—Crop Group 10-10: Subgroup Listing

Representative commoditiesCommodities
Crop Subgroup 10-10A. Orange subgroup
Orange or tangerine/mandarinCalamondin; citron; citrus hybrids; mediterranean mandarin; orange, sour; orange, sweet; satsuma mandarin; tachibana orange; tangerine (mandarin); tangelo; tangor; trifoliate orange; cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these.
Crop Subgroup 10-10B. Lemon/Lime subgroup
Lemon or limeAustralian desert lime; Australian finger lime; Australian round lime; brown river finger lime; kumquat; lemon; lime; mount white lime; New Guinea wild lime; Russell River lime; sweet lime; Tahiti lime; cultivars , varieties, and/or hybrids of these.
Crop Subgroup 10-10C. Grapefruit subgroup
GrapefruitGrapefruit; Japanese summer grapefruit; pummelo; tangelo; uniq fruit; cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these.

(14) Crop Group 11: Pome Fruits Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Apple and pear.

(ii) Commodities. The following is a list of all the commodities included in Crop Group 11:

Crop Group 11: Pome Fruits Group—Commodities

Apple (Malus domestica)

Crabapple (Malus spp.)

Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica)

Mayhaw (Crataegus aestivalis, C. opaca, and C. rufula)

Pear (Pyrus communis)

Pear, oriental (Pyrus pyrifolia)

Quince (Cydonia oblonga)

(15) Crop group 11-10. Pome Fruit Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Apple and Pear

(ii) Commodities. The following is a list of all the commodities in Crop Group 11-10.

Crop Group 11-10: Pome Fruit Group—Commodities

Apple, Malus domestica Borkh.

Azarole, Crataegus azarolus L.

Crabapple, Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill., M. prunifolia (Willd.) Borkh.

Loquat, Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.

Mayhaw, Crataegus aestivalis (Walter) Torr. & A. Gray, C. opaca

Hook. & Arn., and C. rufula Sarg.

Medlar, Mespilus germanica L.

Pear, Pyrus communis L.

Pear, Asian, Pyrus pyrifolia (Burm. f.) Nakai var. culta (Makino) Nakai

Pseudocydonia sinensis (Thouin) C.K. Schneid.

Quince, Cydonia oblonga Mill.

Quince, Chinese, Chaenomeles speciosa (Sweet) Nakai,

Quince, Japanese, Chaenomeles japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. ex Spach

Tejocote, Crataegus mexicana DC.

Cultivars, varieties and/or hybrids of these.

(16) Crop Group 12. Stone Fruits Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Sweet cherry or tart cherry; peach; and plum or fresh prune (Prunus domestica, Prunus spp.)

(ii) Commodities. The following is a list of all the commodities included in Crop Group 12:

Crop Group 12: Stone Fruits Group—Commodities

Apricot (Prunus armeniaca)

Cherry, sweet (Prunus avium),

Cherry, tart (Prunus cerasus)

Nectarine (Prunus persica)

Peach (Prunus persica)

Plum (Prunus domestica, Prunus spp.)

Plum, Chickasaw (Prunus angustifolia)

Plum, Damson (Prunus domestica spp. insititia)

Plum, Japanese (Prunus salicina)

Plumcot (Prunus. armeniaca×P. domestica)

Prune (fresh) (Prunus domestica, Prunus spp.)

(17) Crop Group 12-12: Stone Fruit Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Sweet cherry or Tart cherry; Peach; and Plum or Prune plum.

(ii) Commodities. The following Table 1 is a list of all commodities included in Crop Group 12-12.

Table 1—Crop Group 12-12: Stone Fruit Group

CommoditiesRelated crop subgroup
Apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.)12-12C
Apricot, Japanese (Prunus mume Siebold & Zucc.)12-12C
Capulin (Prunus serotina Ehrh. var. salicifolia (Kunth) Koehne)12-12A
Cherry, black (Prunus serotina Ehrh.)12-12A
Cherry, Nanking (Prunus tomentosa Thunb.)12-12A
Cherry, sweet (Prunus avium (L.) L.)12-12A
Cherry, tart (Prunus cerasus L.)12-12A
Jujube, Chinese (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.)12-12C
Nectarine (Prunuspersica (L.) Batsch var. nucipersica (Suckow) C.K. Schneid)12-12B
Peach (Prunus persica (L.) Batsch var. persica)12-12B
Plum (Prunus domestica L. subsp. domestica)12-12C
Plum, American (Prunus americana Marshall)12-12C
Plum, beach (Prunus maritima Marshall)12-12C
Plum, Canada (Prunus nigra Aiton)12-12C
Plum, cherry (Prunus cerasifera Ehrh.)12-12C
Plum, Chickasaw (Prunus angustifolia Marshall)12-12C
Plum, Damson (Prunus domestica L. subsp. insititia (L.) C.K. Schneid.)12-12C
Plum, Japanese (Prunus salicina Lindl.; P. salicina Lindl. var. salicina)12-12C
Plum, Klamath (Prunus subcordata Benth.)12-12C
Plum, prune (Prunus domestica L. subsp. domestica)12-12C
Plumcot (Prunus hybr.)12-12C
Sloe (Prunus spinosa L.)12-12C
Cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these

(iii) Crop subgroups. The following Table 2 identifies the crop subgroups for Crop Group 12-12, specifies the representative commodities for each subgroup, and lists all the commodities included in each subgroup.

Table 2—Crop Group 12-12: Subgroup Listing

Representative commoditiesCommodities
Crop subgroup 12-12A. Cherry subgroup
Cherry, sweet or Cherry, tartCapulin; Cherry, black; Cherry, Nanking; Cherry, sweet; Cherry, tart; cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these.
Crop subgroup 12-12B. Peach subgroup
PeachPeach; Nectarine; cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these.
Crop subgroup 12-12C. Plum subgroup
Plum or Prune plumApricot; Apricot, Japanese; Jujube, Chinese; Plum; Plum, American; Plum, beach; Plum, Canada; Plum, cherry; Plum, Chickasaw; Plum, Damson; Plum, Japanese; Plum, Klamath; Plumcot; Plum, prune; Sloe; cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these.

(18) Crop Group 13. Berries Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Any one blackberry or any one raspberry; and blueberry.

(ii) Table. The following table 1 lists all the commodities included in Crop Group 13 and identifies the related subgroups.

Table 1—Crop Group 13: Berries Group

CommoditiesRelated crop subgroups
Blackberry (Rubus eubatus) (including bingleberry, black satin berry, boysenberry, Cherokee blackberry, Chesterberry, Cheyenne blackberry, coryberry, darrowberry, dewberry, Dirksen thornless berry, Himalayaberry, hullberry, Lavacaberry, lowberry, Lucretiaberry, mammoth blackberry, marionberry, nectarberry, olallieberry, Oregon evergreen berry, phenomenalberry, rangeberry, ravenberry, rossberry, Shawnee blackberry, youngberry, and varieties and/or hybrids of these)13A
Blueberry (Vaccinium spp.)13B
Currant (Ribes spp.)13B
Elderberry (Sambucus spp.)13B
Gooseberry (Ribes spp.)13B
Huckleberry (Gaylussacia spp.)13B
Loganberry (Rubus loganobaccus)13A
Raspberry, black and red (Rubus occidentalis, Rubus strigosus, Rubus idaeus)13A

(iii) Table. The following table 2 identifies the crop subgroups for Crop Group 13, specifies the representative commodities for each subgroup, and lists all the commodities included in each subgroup.

Table 2—Crop Group 13 Subgroups Listing

Representative commoditiesCommodities
Crop Subgroup 13A. Caneberry (blackberry and raspberry) subgroup.
Any one blackberry or any one raspberry.Blackberry; loganberry; red and black raspberry; cultivars and/or hybrids of these.
Crop Subgroup 13B. Bushberry subgroup.
Blueberry, highbush.Blueberry, highbush and lowbush; currant; elderberry; gooseberry; huckleberry.

(19) Crop Group 13-07. Berry and Small Fruit Crop Group

(i) Representative commodities. Any one blackberry or any one raspberry; highbush blueberry; elderberry or mulberry; grape; fuzzy kiwifruit, and strawberry.

(ii) Table. The following Table 1 lists all the commodities listed in Crop Group 13-07 and identifies the related crop subgroups.

Table 1—Crop Group 13-07: Berry and Small Fruit Crop Group

CommoditiesRelated crop subgroups
Amur river grape (Vitis amurensis Rupr)13-07D, 13-07E, 13-07F
Aronia berry (Aronia spp.)13-07B
Bayberry (Myrica spp.)13-07C
Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)13-07G, 13-07H
Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.)13-07G, 13-07H
Blackberry (Rubus spp.) (including Andean blackberry, arctic blackberry, bingleberry, black satin berry, boysenberry, brombeere, California blackberry, Chesterberry, Cherokee blackberry, Cheyenne blackberry, common blackberry, coryberry, darrowberry, dewberry, Dirksen thornless berry, evergreen blackberry, Himalayaberry, hullberry, lavacaberry, loganberry, lowberry, Lucretiaberry, mammoth blackberry, marionberry, mora, mures deronce, nectarberry, Northern dewberry, olallieberry, Oregon evergreen berry, phenomenalberry, rangeberry, ravenberry, rossberry, Shawnee blackberry, Southern dewberry, tayberry, youngberry, zarzamora, and cultivars, varieties and/or hybrids of these.)13-07A
Blueberry, highbush (Vaccinium spp.)13-07B
Blueberry, lowbush (Vaccinium angustifolium Aiton)13-07B
Buffalo currant (Ribes aureum Pursh)13-07B
Buffaloberry (Shepherdia argentea (Pursh) Nutt.)13-07C
Che (Cudrania tricuspidata Bur. Ex Lavallee)13-07C
Chilean guava (Myrtus ugni Mol.)13-07B
Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana L.)13-07C
Cloudberry (Rubus chamaemorus L.)13-07G, 13-07H
Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon Aiton)13-07G, 13-07H
Currant, black (Ribes nigrum L.)13-07B
Currant, red (Ribes rubrum L.)13-07B
Elderberry (Sambucus spp.)13-07B, 13-07C
European barberry (Berberis vulgaris L.)13-07B
Gooseberry (Ribes spp.)13-07B, 13-07D, 13-07E, 13-07F
Grape (Vitis spp.)13-07D, 13-07F
Highbush cranberry (Viburnum opulus L. var. Americanum Aiton)13-07B
Honeysuckle, edible (Lonicera caerula L. var. emphyllocalyx Nakai, Lonicera caerula L var . edulis Turcz. ex herder)13-07B
Huckleberry (Gaylussacia spp.)13-07B
Jostaberry (Ribes x nidigrolaria Rud. Bauer and A. Bauer)13-07B
Juneberry (Saskatoon berry) (Amelanchier spp.)13-07B, 13-07C
Kiwifruit, fuzzy (Actinidia deliciosa A. Chev.) (C.F. Liang and A.R. Fergusons, Actinida chinensis Planch.)13-07D, 13-07E
Kiwifruit, hardy (Actinidia arguta (Siebold and Zucc.) Planch. ex Miq)13-07D, 13-07E, 13-07F
Lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.)13-07B, 13-07G 13-07H
Maypop (Passiflora incarnata L.)13-07E, 13-07F
Mountain pepper berries (Tasmannia lanceolata)(Poir.) A.C.Sm.13-07C
Mulberry (Morus spp.)13-07C
Muntries (Kunzea pomifera F. Muell.)13-07G, 13-07H
Native currant (Acrotriche depressa R. BR.)13-07B
Partridgeberry (Mitchella repens L.)13-07G, 13-07H
Phalsa (Grewia subinaequalis DC.)13-07C
Pincherry (Prunus pensylvanica L.f.)13-07C
Raspberry, black and red (Rubus spp.)13-07A
Riberry (Syzygium luehmannii)13-07C
Salal (Gaultheria shallon Pursh.)13-07B, 13-07C
Schisandra berry (Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill.)13-07D, 13-07E, 13-07F
Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.)13-07B
Serviceberry (Sorbus spp.)13-07C
Strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duchesne)13-07G
Wild raspberry (Rubus muelleri Lefevre ex P.J. Mull)13-07A
Cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these.   

(iii) Table. The following Table 2 identifies the crop subgroups for Crop Group 13-07, specifies the representative commodities for each subgroup and lists all the commodities included in each subgroup.

Table 2—Crop Group 13-07: Subgroup Listing

Representative commoditiesCommodities
Crop Subgroup 13-07A. Caneberry subgroup
Any one blackberry or any one raspberry.Blackberry; loganberry; raspberry, red and black; wild raspberry; cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these.
Crop Subgroup 13-07B. Bushberry subgroup.
Blueberry, highbush.Aronia berry; blueberry, highbush; blueberry, lowbush; buffalo currant; Chilean guava; currant, black; currant, red; elderberry; European, barberry; gooseberry; cranberry, highbush; honeysuckle, edible; huckleberry; jostaberry; Juneberry; lingonberry; native currant; salal; sea buckthorn; cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these.
Crop Subgroup 13-07C. Large shrub/tree berry subgroup.
Elderberry or mulberry.Bayberry; buffaloberry; che; chokecherry; elderberry; Juneberry; mountain pepper berries; mulberry; phalsa; pincherry; riberry; salal; serviceberry; cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these.
Crop Subgroup 13-07D. Small fruit vine climbing subgroup.
Grape and fuzzy kiwifruit.Amur river grape; gooseberry; grape; kiwifruit, fuzzy; kiwifruit, hardy; Maypop; schisandra berry; cultivars, varieties, and /or hybrids of these.
Crop Subgroup 13-07E. Small fruit vine climbing subgroup, except grape.
Fuzzy kiwifruit.Amur river grape; gooseberry; kiwifruit, fuzzy; kiwifruit, hardy; Maypop; schisandra berry; cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these.
Crop Subgroup 13-07F. Small fruit vine climbing subgroup except fuzzy kiwifruit.
Grape.Amur river grape; gooseberry; grape; kiwifruit, hardy; Maypop; schisandra berry; cultivars varieties, and/or hybrids of these.
Crop Subgroup 13-07G. Low growing berry subgroup.
Strawberry.Bearberry; bilberry; blueberry, lowbush; cloudberry; cranberry; lingonberry; muntries; partridgeberry; strawberry; cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these.
Crop Subgroup 13-07H. Low growing berry subgroup, except strawberry.
CranberryBearberry; bilberry; blueberry, lowbush; cloudberry; cranberry; lingonberry; muntries; partridgeberry; cultivars, varieties, and/or cultivars of these.

(20) Crop Group 14. Tree Nuts Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Almond and pecan.

(ii) Commodities. The following is a list of all the commodities included in Crop Group 14:

Crop Group 14: Tree Nuts—Commodities

Almond (Prunus dulcis)

Beech nut (Fagus spp.)

Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa)

Butternut (Juglans cinerea)

Cashew (Anacardium occidentale)

Chestnut (Castanea spp.)

Chinquapin (Castanea pumila)

Filbert (hazelnut) (Corylus spp.)

Hickory nut (Carya spp.)

Macadamia nut (bush nut) (Macadamia spp.)

Pecan (Carya illinoensis)

Walnut, black and English (Persian) (Juglans spp.)

(21) Crop Group 14-12. Tree Nut Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Almond and Pecan.

(ii) Commodities. The following is a list of all commodities included in Crop Group 14-12.

Crop Group 14-12: Tree Nut Group

African nut-tree (Ricinodendron heudelotii (Baill.) Heckel)

Almond (Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A. Webb)

Beechnut (Fagus grandifolia Ehrh.; F. sylvatica L.)

Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa Humb. & Bonpl.)

Brazilian pine (Araucaria angustifolia (Bertol.) Kuntze)

Bunya (Araucaria bidwillii Hook.)

Bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa Michx.)

Butternut (Juglans cinerea L.)

Cajou nut (Anacardium giganteum Hance ex Engl.)

Candlenut (Aleurites moluccanus (L.) Willd.)

Cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.)

Chestnut (Castanea crenata Siebold & Zucc.; C. dentata (Marshall) Borkh.; C. mollissima Blume; C. sativa Mill.)

Chinquapin (Castaneapumila (L.) Mill.)

Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.)

Coquito nut (Jubaea chilensis (Molina) Baill.)

Dika nut (Irvingia gabonensis (Aubry-Lecomte ex O'Rorke) Baill.)

Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba L.)

Guiana chestnut (Pachira aquatica Aubl.)

Hazelnut (Filbert) (Corylus americana Marshall; C. avellana L.; C. californica (A. DC.) Rose; C. chinensis Franch.)

Heartnut (Juglans ailantifolia Carrière var. cordiformis (Makino) Rehder)

Hickory nut (Carya cathayensis Sarg.; C. glabra (Mill.) Sweet; C. laciniosa (F. Michx.) W. P. C. Barton; C. myristiciformis (F. Michx.) Elliott; C. ovata (Mill.) K. Koch; C. tomentosa (Lam.) Nutt.)

Japanese horse-chestnut (Aesculus turbinate Blume)

Macadamia nut (Macadamia integrifolia Maiden & Betche; M. tetraphylla L.A.S. Johnson)

Mongongo nut (Schinziophyton rautanenii (Schinz) Radcl.-Sm.)

Monkey-pot (Lecythis pisonis Cambess.)

Monkey puzzle nut (Araucaria araucana (Molina) K. Koch)

Okari nut (Terminalia kaernbachii Warb.)

Pachira nut (Pachira insignis (Sw.) Savigny)

Peach palm nut (Bactris gasipaes Kunth var. gasipaes)

Pecan (Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch)

Pequi (Caryocar brasiliense Cambess.; C. villosum (Aubl.) Pers; C. nuciferum L.)

Pili nut (Canarium ovatum Engl.; C. vulgare Leenh.)

Pine nut (Pinus edulis Engelm.; P. koraiensis Siebold & Zucc.; P. sibirica Du Tour; P. pumila (Pall.) Regel; P. gerardiana Wall. ex D. Don; P. monophylla Torr. & Frém.; P. quadrifolia Parl. ex Sudw.; P. pinea L.)

Pistachio (Pistacia vera L.)

Sapucaia nut (Lecythis zabucaja Aubl.)

Tropical almond (Terminalia catappa L.)

Walnut, black (Juglans nigra L.; J. hindsii Jeps. ex R. E. Sm.; J. microcarpa Berland.)

Walnut, English (Juglans regia L.)

Yellowhorn (Xanthoceras sorbifolium Bunge)

Cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these

(22) Crop Group 15. Cereal Grains Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Corn (fresh sweet corn and dried field corn), rice, sorghum, and wheat.

(ii) Commodities. The following is a list of all the commodities included in Crop Group 15:

Crop Group 15: Cereal Grains—Commodities

Barley (Hordeum spp.)

Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum)

Corn (Zea mays)

Millet, pearl (Pennisetum glaucum)

Millet, proso (Panicum milliaceum)

Oats (Avena spp.)

Popcorn (Zea mays var. everta)

Rice (Oryza sativa)

Rye (Secale cereale)

Sorghum (milo) (Sorghum spp.)

Teosinte (Euchlaena mexicana)

Triticale (Triticum-Secale hybrids)

Wheat (Triticum spp.)

Wild rice (Zizania aquatica)

(23) Crop Group 16. Forage, Fodder and Straw of Cereal Grains Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Corn, wheat, and any other cereal grain crop.

(ii) Commodities. The commodities included in Crop Group 16 are: Forage, fodder, and straw of all commodities included in the group cereal grains group.

(24) Crop Group 17. Grass Forage, Fodder, and Hay Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Bermuda grass; bluegrass; and bromegrass or fescue.

(ii) Commodities. The commodities included in Crop Group 17 are: Any grass, Gramineae family (either green or cured) except sugarcane and those included in the cereal grains group, that will be fed to or grazed by livestock, all pasture and range grasses and grasses grown for hay or silage.

(25) Crop Group 18. Nongrass Animal Feeds (Forage, Fodder, Straw, and Hay) Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Alfalfa and clover (Trifolium spp.)

(ii) Commodities. The following is a list of all the commodities included in Crop Group 18:

Crop Group 18: Nongrass Animal Feeds (Forage, Fodder, Straw, and Hay) Group—Commodities

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa subsp. sativa)

Bean, velvet (Mucuna pruriens var. utilis)

Clover (Trifolium spp., Melilotus spp.)

Kudzu (Pueraria lobata)

Lespedeza (Lespedeza spp.)

Lupin (Lupinus spp.)

Sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia);

Trefoil (Lotus spp.)

Vetch (Vicia spp.)

Vetch, crown (Coronilla varia)

Vetch, milk (Astragalus spp).

(26) Crop Group 19. Herbs and Spices Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Basil (fresh and dried); black pepper; chive; and celery seed or dill seed.

(ii) Table. The following table 1 lists all the commodities included in Crop Group 19 and identifies the related subgroups.

Table 1—Crop Group 19: Herbs and Spices Group

CommoditiesRelated crop subgroups
Allspice (Pimenta dioica)19B
Angelica (Angelica archangelica)19A
Anise (anise seed) (Pimpinella anisum)19B
Anise, star (Illicium verum)19B
Annatto (seed)19B
Balm (lemon balm) (Melissa officinalis)19A
Basil (Ocimum basilicum)19A
Borage (Borago officinalis)19A
Burnet (Sanguisorba minor)19A
Camomile (Anthemis nobilis)19A
Caper buds (Capparis spinosa)19B
Caraway (Carum carvi)19B
Caraway, black (Nigella sativa)19B
Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum)19B
Cassia bark (Cinnamomum aromaticum)19B
Cassia buds (Cinnamomum aromaticum)19B
Catnip (Nepeta cataria)19A
Celery seed (Apicum graveolens)19B
Chervil (dried) (Anthriscus cerefolium)19A
Chive (Allium schoenoprasum)19A
Chive, Chinese (Allium tuberosum)19A
Cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum)19B
Clary (Salvia sclarea)19A
Clove buds (Eugenia caryophyllata)19B
Coriander (cilantro or Chinese parsley) (leaf) (Coriandrum sativum)19A
Coriander (cilantro) (seed) (Coriandrum sativum)19B
Costmary (Chrysanthemum balsamita)19A
Culantro (leaf) (Eryngium foetidum)19A
Culantro (seed) (Eryngium foetidum)19B
Cumin (Cuminum cyminum)19B
Curry (leaf) (Murraya koenigii)19A
Dill (dillweed) (Anethum graveolens)19A
Dill (seed) (Anethum graveolens)19B
Fennel (common) (Foeniculum vulgare)19B
Fennel, Florence (seed) (Foeniculum vulgare Azoricum Group)19B
Fenugreek (Trigonella foenumgraecum)19B
Grains of paradise (Aframomum melegueta)19B
Horehound (Marrubium vulgare)19A
Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis)19A
Juniper berry (Juniperus communis)19B
Lavender (Lavandula officinalis)19A
Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus)19A
Lovage (leaf) (Levisticum officinale)19A
Lovage (seed) (Levisticum officinale)19B
Mace (Myristica fragrans)19B
Marigold (Calendula officinalis)19A
Marjoram (Origanum spp.) (includes sweet or annual marjoram, wild marjoram or oregano, and pot marjoram)19A
Mustard (seed) (Brassica juncea, B. hirta, B. nigra)19B
Nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus)19A
Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans)19B
Parsley (dried) (Petroselinum crispum)19A
Pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium)19A
Pepper, black (Piper nigrum)19B
Pepper, white19B
Poppy (seed) (Papaver somniferum)19B
Rosemary (Rosemarinus officinalis)19A
Rue (Ruta graveolens)19A
Saffron (Crocus sativus)19B
Sage (Salvia officinalis)19A
Savory, summer and winter (Satureja spp.)19A
Sweet bay (bay leaf) (Laurus nobilis)19A
Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)19A
Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)19A
Thyme (Thymus spp.)19A
Vanilla (Vanilla planifolia)19B
Wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens)19A
Woodruff (Galium odorata)19A
Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium)19A

(iii) Table. The following table 2 identifies the crop subgroups for Crop Group 19, specifies the representative commodities for each subgroup, and lists all the commodities included in each subgroup.

Table 2—Crop Group 19 Subgroups

Representative commoditiesCommodities
Crop Subgroup 19A. Herb subgroup.
Basil (fresh and dried) and chive.Angelica; balm; basil; borage; burnet; camomile; catnip; chervil (dried); chive; chive, Chinese, clary; coriander (leaf); costmary; culantro (leaf); curry (leaf); dillweed; horehound; hyssop; lavender; lemongrass; lovage (leaf); marigold; marjoram (Origanum spp.); nasturtium; parsley (dried); pennyroyal; rosemary; rue; sage; savory, summer and winter; sweet bay; tansy; tarragon; thyme; wintergreen; woodruff; and wormwood.
Crop Subgroup 19B. Spice subgroup.
Black pepper; and celery seed or dill seed.Allspice; anise (seed); anise, star; annatto (seed); caper (buds); caraway; caraway, black; cardamom; cassia (buds); celery (seed); cinnamon; clove (buds); coriander (seed); culantro (seed); cumin; dill (seed); fennel, common; fennel, Florence (seed); fenugreek; grains of paradise; juniper (berry); lovage (seed); mace; mustard (seed); nutmeg; pepper, black; pepper, white; poppy (seed); saffron; and vanilla.

(27) Crop Group 20. Oilseed Group.

(i) Representative commodities. Rapeseed (canola varieties only); sunflower, seed and cottonseed.

(ii) Table. The following Table 1 lists all the commodities listed in Crop Group 20 and identifies the related crop subgroups and includes cultivars and/or varieties of these commodities.

Table 1—Crop Group 20: Oilseed Group

CommoditiesRelated crop subgroups
Borage, Borago officinalis L20A
Calendula, Calendula officinalis L20B
Castor oil plant, Ricinus communis L20B
Chinese tallowtree, Triadica sebifera (L.) Small20B
Cottonseed, Gossypium hirsutum L. Gossypium spp20C
Crambe, Crambe hispanica L.; C. abyssinica Hochst. ex R.E. Fr20A
Cuphea, Cuphea hyssopifolia Kunth20A
Echium, Echium plantagineum L20A
Euphorbia, Euphorbia esula L20B
Evening primrose, Oenothera biennis L20B
Flax seed, Linum usitatissimum L20A
Gold of pleasure, Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz20A
Hare's ear mustard, Conringia orientalis (L.) Dumort20A
Jojoba, Simmondsia chinensis (Link) C.K. Schneid20B
Lesquerella, Lesquerella recurvata (Engelm. ex A. Gray) S. Watson20A
Lunaria, Lunaria annua L20A
Meadowfoam, Limnanthes alba Hartw. ex Benth20A
Milkweed, Asclepias spp20A
Mustard seed, Brassica hirta Moench, Sinapis alba L. subsp. Alba..20A
Niger seed, Guizotia abyssinica (L.f.) Cass20B
Oil radish, Raphanus sativus L. var. oleiformis Pers20A
Poppy seed, Papaver somniferum L. subsp. Somniferum20A
Rapeseed, Brassica spp.; B. napus L20A
Rose hip, Rosa rubiginosa L20B
Safflower, Carthamus tinctorious L20B
Sesame, Sesamum indicum L., S. radiatum Schumach. & honn20A
Stokes aster, Stokesia laevis (Hill) Greene20B
Sunflower, Helianthus annuus L20B
Sweet rocket, Hesperis matronalis L20A
Tallowwood, Ximenia americana L20B
Tea oil plant, Camellia oleifera C. Abel20B
Vernonia, Vernonia galamensis (Cass.) Less20B
Cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these

(iii) Table. The following Table 2 identifies the crop subgroups for Crop Group 20, specifies the representative commodities for each subgroup and lists all the commodities included in each subgroup.

Table 2—Crop Group 20: Subgroup Listing

Representative commoditiesCommodities
Crop subgroup 20A. Rapeseed subgroup
Rapeseed, canola varieties onlyBorage; crambe; cuphea; echium; flax seed; gold of pleasure; hare's ear mustard; lesquerella; lunaria; meadowfoam; milkweed; mustard seed; oil radish; poppy seed; rapeseed; sesame; sweet rocket cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these.
Crop subgroup 20B. Sunflower subgroup
Sunflower, seedCalendula; castor oil plant; chinese tallowtree; euphorbia; evening primrose; jojoba; niger seed; rose hip; safflower; stokes aster; sunflower; tallowwood; tea oil plant; vernonia; cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these.
Crop subgroup 20C. Cottonseed subgroup
CottonseedCottonseed; cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these.

(28) Crop Group 21. Edible fungi Group.

(i) Representative commodities. White button mushroom and any one oyster mushroom or any Shiitake mushroom.

(ii) Table. The following is a list of all the commodities in Crop Group 21. There are no related subgroups.

Crop Group 21—Edible Fungi Group—Commodities

Blewitt (Lepista nuda)
Bunashimeji (Hypsizygus marrmoreus)
Chinese mushroom (Volvariella volvacea) (Bull.) Singer
Enoki (Flammulina velutipes) (Curt.) Singer
Hime-Matsutake (Agaricus blazei) Murill
Hirmeola (Auricularia auricular)
Maitake (Grifola frondosa)
Morel (Morchella spp.)
Nameko (Pholiota nameko)
Net Bearing (Dictyophora)
Oyster mushroom (Pleurotus spp.)
Pom Pom (Hericium erinaceus)
Reishi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum (Leyss. Fr.) Karst.)
Rodman's agaricus (Agaricus bitorquis) (Quel.) Saccardo
Shiitake mushroom (Lentinula edodes (Berk.) Pegl.)
Shimeji (Tricholoma conglobatum)
Stropharia (Stropharia spp.)
Truffle (Tuber spp.)
White button mushroom (Agaricus bisporous (Lange) Imbach)
White Jelly Fungi (Tremella fuciformis)

[60 FR 26635, May 17, 1995, as amended at 72 FR 69156, 69157, Dec. 7, 2007; 73 FR 52, Jan. 2, 2008; 75 FR 76289, Dec. 8, 2010; 77 FR 50620, Aug. 22, 2012]



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