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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR Data is current as of April 23, 2014

Title 40: Protection of Environment
PART 131—WATER QUALITY STANDARDS
Subpart D—Federally Promulgated Water Quality Standards


§131.36   Toxics criteria for those states not complying with Clean Water Act section 303(c)(2)(B).

(a) Scope. This section is not a general promulgation of the section 304(a) criteria for priority toxic pollutants but is restricted to specific pollutants in specific States.

(b)(1) EPA's Section 304(a) criteria for Priority Toxic Pollutants.

AB
Freshwater
C
Saltwater
D
Human Health
(10−6 risk for carcinogens)
For consumption of:
(#) CompoundCAS NumberCriterion
Maximum
Conc.d
(µg/L)
(B1)
Criterion
Continuous
Conc.d
(µg/L)
(B2)
Criterion
Maximum
Conc.d
(µg/L)
(C1)
Criterion
Continuous Conc.d
(µg/L)
(C2)
Water &
Organisms
(µg/L)
(D1)
Organisms
Only
(µg/L)
(D2)
   1     Antimony744036014 a4300 a
   2     Arsenic7440382360 m190 m69 m36 m0.018 abc0.14 abc
   3     Beryllium7440417nn
   4     Cadmium74404393.7 e1.0 e42 m9.3 mnn
   5a   Chromium (III)16065831550 e180 enn
     b   Chromium (VI)1854029915 m10 m1100 m50 mnn
   6     Copper744050817 e11 e2.4 m2.4 m
   7     Lead743992165 e2.5 e210 m8.1 mnn
   8     Mercury74399762.1 m0.012 ip1.8 m0.025 ip0.140.15
   9     Nickel74400201400 e160 e74 m8.2 m610 a4600 a
  10     Selenium778249220 p5 p290 m71 mnn
  11     Silver74402243.4 e1.9 m
  12     Thallium74402801.7 a6.3 a
  13     Zinc7440666110 e100 e90 m81 m
  14     Cyanide57125225.211700 a220000 aj
  15     Asbestos13322147,000,000 fibers/L k
  16     2,3,7,8-TCDD (Dioxin)17460160.000000013 c0.000000014 c
  17     Acrolein107028320780
  18     Acrylonitrile1071310.059 ac0.66 ac
  19     Benzene714321.2 ac71 ac
  20     Bromoform752524.3 ac360 ac
  21     Carbon Tetrachloride562350.25 ac4.4 ac
  22     Chlorobenzene108907680 a21000 aj
  23     Chlorodibromomethane1244810.41 ac34 ac
  24     Chloroethane75003
  25     2-Chloroethylvinyl Ether110758
  26     Chloroform676635.7 ac470 ac
  27     Dichlorobromomethane752740.27 ac22 ac
  28     1,1-Dichloroethane75343
  29     1,2-Dichloroethane1070620.38 ac99 ac
  30     1,1-Dichloroethylene753540.057 ac3.2 ac
  31     1,2-Dichloropropane78875
  32     1,3-Dichloropropylene54275610 a1700 a
  33     Ethylbenzene1004143100 a29000 a
  34     Methyl Bromide7483948 a4000 a
  35     Methyl Chloride74873nn
  36     Methylene Chloride750924.7 ac1600 ac
  37     1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane793450.17 ac11 ac
  38     Tetrachloroethylene1271840.8 c8.85 c
  39     Toluene1088836800 a200000 a
  40     1,2-Trans-Dichloroethylene156605
  41     1,1,1-Trichloroethane71556nn
  42     1,1,2-Trichloroethane790050.60 ac42 ac
  43     Trichloroethylene790162.7 c81 c
  44     Vinyl Chloride750142 c525 c
  45     2-Chlorophenol95578
  46     2,4-Dichlorophenol12083293 a790 aj
  47     2,4-Dimethylphenol105679
  48     2-Methyl-4,6-Dinitrophenol53452113.4765
  49     2,4-Dinitrophenol5128570 a14000 a
  50     2-Nitrophenol88755
  51     4-Nitrophenol100027
  52     3-Methyl-4-Chlorophenol59507
  53     Pentachlorophenol8786520 f13 f137.90.28 ac8.2 acj
  54     Phenol10895221000 a4600000 aj
  55     2,4,6-Trichlorophenol880622.1 ac6.5 ac
  56     Acenaphthene83329
  57     Acenaphthylene208968
  58     Anthracene1201279600 a110000 a
  59     Benzidine928750.00012 ac0.00054 ac
  60     Benzo(a)Anthracene565530.0028 c0.031 c
  61     Benzo(a)Pyrene503280.0028 c0.031 c
  62     Benzo(b)Fluoranthene2059920.0028 c0.031 c
  63     Benzo(ghi)Perylene191242
  64     Benzo(k)Fluoranthene2070890.0028 c0.031 c
  65     Bis(2-Chloroethoxy)Methane111911
  66     Bis(2-Chloroethyl)Ether1114440.031 ac1.4 ac
  67     Bis(2-Chloroisopropyl)Ether1086011400 a170000 a
  68     Bis(2-Ethylhexyl)Phthalate1178171.8 ac5.9 ac
  69     4-Bromophenyl Phenyl Ether101553
  70     Butylbenzyl Phthalate85687
  71     2-Chloronaphthalene91587
  72     4-Chlorophenyl Phenyl Ether7005723
  73     Chrysene2180190.0028 c0.031 c
  74     Dibenzo(ah)Anthracene537030.0028 c0.031 c
  75     1,2-Dichlorobenzene955012700 a17000 a
  76     1,3-Dichlorobenzene5417314002600
  77     1,4-Dichlorobenzene1064674002600
  78     3,3′-Dichlorobenzidine919410.04 ac0.077 ac
  79     Diethyl Phthalate8466223000 a120000 a
  80     Dimethyl Phthalate1311133130002900000
  81     Di-n-Butyl Phthalate847422700 a12000 a
  82     2,4-Dinitrotoluene1211420.11 c9.1 c
  83     2,6-Dinitrotoluene606202
  84     Di-n-Octyl Phthalate117840
  85     1,2-Diphenylhydrazine1226670.040 ac0.54 ac
  86     Fluoranthene206440300 a370 a
  87     Fluorene867371300 a14000 a
  88     Hexachlorobenzene1187410.00075 ac0.00077 ac
  89     Hexachlorobutadiene876830.44 ac50 ac
  90     Hexachlorocyclopentadiene77474240 a17000 aj
  91     Hexachloroethane677211.9 ac8.9 ac
  92     Indeno(1,2,3-cd)Pyrene1933950.0028 c0.031 c
  93     Isophorone785918.4 ac600 ac
  94     Naphthalene91203
  95     Nitrobenzene9895317 a1900 aj
  96     N-Nitrosodimethylamine627590.00069 ac8.1 ac
  97     N-Nitrosodi-n-Propylamine621647
  98     N-Nitrosodiphenylamine863065.0 ac16 ac
  99     Phenanthrene85018
100     Pyrene129000960 a11000 a
101     1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene120821
102     Aldrin3090023 g1.3 g0.00013 ac0.00014 ac
103     alpha-BHC3198460.0039 ac0.013 ac
104     beta-BHC3198570.014 ac0.046 ac
105     gamma-BHC588992 g0.08 g0.16 g0.019 c0.063 c
106     delta-BHC319868
107     Chlordane577492.4 g0.0043 g0.09 g0.004 g0.00057 ac0.00059 ac
108     4,4′-DDT502931.1 g0.001 g0.13 g0.001 g0.00059 ac0.00059 ac
109     4,4′-DDE725590.00059 ac0.00059 ac
110     4,4′-DDD725480.00083 ac0.00084 ac
111     Dieldrin605712.5 g0.0019 g0.71 g0.0019 g0.00014 ac0.00014 ac
112     alpha-Endosulfan9599880.22 g0.056 g0.034 g0.0087 g0.93 a2.0 a
113     beta-Endosulfan332136590.22 g0.056 g0.034 g0.0087 g0.93 a2.0 a
114     Endosulfan Sulfate10310780.93 a2.0 a
115     Endrin722080.18 g0.0023 g0.037 g0.0023 g0.76 a0.81 aj
116     Endrin Aldehyde74219340.76 a0.81 aj
117     Heptachlor764480.52 g0.0038 g0.053 g0.0036 g0.00021 ac0.00021 ac
118     Heptachlor Epoxide10245730.52 g0.0038 g0.053 g0.0036 g0.00010 ac0.00011 ac
119     PCB-1242534692190.014 g0.03 g
120     PCB-1254110976910.014 g0.03 g
121     PCB-1221111042820.014 g0.03 g
122     PCB-1232111411650.014 g0.03 g
123     PCB-1248126722960.014 g0.03 g
124     PCB-1260110968250.014 g0.03 g
125a   PCB-1016126741120.014 g0.03 g
125b   Polychlorinated biphenyls
            (PCBs)
0.00017 q0.00017 q
126     Toxaphene80013520.730.00020.210.00020.00073 ac0.00075 ac
Total Number of Criteria (h) =242923278584

Footnotes

a. Criteria revised to reflect current agency q1* or RfD, as contained in the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). The fish tissue bioconcentration factor (BCF) from the 1980 criteria documents was retained in all cases.

b. The criteria refers to the inorganic form only.

c. Criteria in the matrix based on carcinogenicity (10−6 risk). For a risk level of 10−5, move the decimal point in the matrix value one place to the right.

d. Criteria Maximum Concentration (CMC) = the highest concentration of a pollutant to which aquatic life can be exposed for a short period of time (1-hour average) without deleterious effects. Criteria Continuous Concentration (CCC) = the highest concentration of a pollutant to which aquatic life can be exposed for an extended period of time (4 days) without deleterious effects. µg/L = micrograms per liter.

e. Freshwater aquatic life criteria for these metals are expressed as a function of total hardness (mg/L as CaCO3), the pollutant's water effect ratio (WER) as defined in §131.36(c) and multiplied by an appropriate dissolved conversion factor as defined in §131.36(b)(2). For comparative purposes, the values displayed in this matrix are shown as dissolved metal and correspond to a total hardness of 100 mg/L and a water effect ratio of 1.0.

f. Freshwater aquatic life criteria for pentachlorophenol are expressed as a function of pH, and are calculated as follows. Values displayed above in the matrix correspond to a pH of 7.8.

            CMC = exp(1.005(pH)−4.830)

            CCC = exp(1.005(pH)−5.290)

g. Aquatic life criteria for these compounds were issued in 1980 utilizing the 1980 Guidelines for criteria development. The acute values shown are final acute values (FAV) which by the 1980 Guidelines are instantaneous values as contrasted with a CMC which is a one-hour average.

h. These totals simply sum the criteria in each column. For aquatic life, there are 31 priority toxic pollutants with some type of freshwater or saltwater, acute or chronic criteria. For human health, there are 85 priority toxic pollutants with either “water + fish” or “fish only” criteria. Note that these totals count chromium as one pollutant even though EPA has developed criteria based on two valence states. In the matrix, EPA has assigned numbers 5a and 5b to the criteria for chromium to reflect the fact that the list of 126 priority toxic pollutants includes only a single listing for chromium.

i. If the CCC for total mercury exceeds 0.012 µg/l more than once in a 3-year period in the ambient water, the edible portion of aquatic species of concern must be analyzed to determine whether the concentration of methyl mercury exceeds the FDA action level (1.0 mg/kg). If the FDA action level is exceeded, the State must notify the appropriate EPA Regional Administrator, initiate a revision of its mercury criterion in its water quality standards so as to protect designated uses, and take other appropriate action such as issuance of a fish consumption advisory for the affected area.

j. No criteria for protection of human health from consumption of aquatic organisms (excluding water) was presented in the 1980 criteria document or in the 1986 Quality Criteria for Water. Nevertheless, sufficient information was presented in the 1980 document to allow a calculation of a criterion, even though the results of such a calculation were not shown in the document.

k. The criterion for asbestos is the MCL (56 FR 3526, January 30, 1991).

l. [Reserved: This letter not used as a footnote.]

m. Criteria for these metals are expressed as a function of the water effect ratio, WER, as defined in 40 CFR 131.36(c).

CMC = column B1 or C1 value × WER

CCC = column B2 or C2 value × WER

n. EPA is not promulgating human health criteria for this contaminant. However, permit authorities should address this contaminant in NPDES permit actions using the State's existing narrative criteria for toxics.

o. [Reserved: This letter not used as a footnote.]

p. Criterion expressed as total recoverable.

q. This criterion applies to total PCBs (e.g., the sum of all congener or isomer or homolog or Aroclor analyses).

General Notes

1. This chart lists all of EPA's priority toxic pollutants whether or not criteria recommendations are available. Blank spaces indicate the absence of criteria recommendations. Because of variations in chemical nomenclature systems, this listing of toxic pollutants does not duplicate the listing in Appendix A of 40 CFR Part 423. EPA has added the Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) registry numbers, which provide a unique identification for each chemical.

2. The following chemicals have organoleptic based criteria recommendations that are not included on this chart (for reasons which are discussed in the preamble): copper, zinc, chlorobenzene, 2-chlorophenol, 2,4-dichlorophenol, acenaphthene, 2,4-dimethylphenol, 3-methyl-4-chlorophenol, hexachlorocyclopentadiene, pentachlorophenol, phenol.

3. For purposes of this rulemaking, freshwater criteria and saltwater criteria apply as specified in 40 CFR 131.36(c).

Note to paragraph (b)(1): On April 14, 1995, the Environmental Protection Agency issued a stay of certain criteria in paragraph (b)(1) of this section as follows: the criteria in columns B and C for arsenic, cadmium, chromium (VI), copper, lead, nickel, silver, and zinc; the criteria in B1 and C1 for mercury; the criteria in column B for chromium (III); and the criteria in column C for selenium. The stay remains in effect until further notice.

(2) Factors for Calculating Hardness-Dependent, Freshwater Metals Criteria

CMC=WER exp { mA[ln(hardness)]+bA} × Acute Conversion Factor

CCC=WER exp { mC[ln(hardness)]+bC} × Chronic Conversion Factor

Final CMC and CCC values should be rounded to two significant figures.

Metal mAbAmCbCFreshwater conversion factors
Acute Chronic
Cadmium1.128-3.8280.7852-3.490a0.944a0.909
Chromium (III)0.81903.6880.81901.5610.3160.860
Copper0.9422-1.4640.8545-1.4650.9600.960
Lead1.273-1.4601.273-4.705a0.791a0.791
Nickel0.84603.36120.84601.16450.9980.997
Silver1.72-6.52bN/AbN/A0.85b N/A
Zinc0.84730.86040.84730.76140.9780.986

Note to table: The term “exp” represents the base e exponential function.

Footnotes to table:

aThe freshwater conversion factors (CF) for cadmium and lead are hardness-dependent and can be calculated for any hardness [see limitations in §131.36(c)(4)] using the following equations:

Cadmium

Acute: CF=1.136672—[(ln hardness)(0.041838)]

Chronic: CF=1.101672—[(ln hardness)(0.041838)]

Lead (Acute and Chronic): CF = 1.46203—[(ln hardness)(0.145712)]

bNo chronic criteria are available for silver.

(c) Applicability. (1) The criteria in paragraph (b) of this section apply to the States' designated uses cited in paragraph (d) of this section and supersede any criteria adopted by the State, except when State regulations contain criteria which are more stringent for a particular use in which case the State's criteria will continue to apply.

(2) The criteria established in this section are subject to the State's general rules of applicability in the same way and to the same extent as are the other numeric toxics criteria when applied to the same use classifications including mixing zones, and low flow values below which numeric standards can be exceeded in flowing fresh waters.

(i) For all waters with mixing zone regulations or implementation procedures, the criteria apply at the appropriate locations within or at the boundary of the mixing zones; otherwise the criteria apply throughout the waterbody including at the end of any discharge pipe, canal or other discharge point.

(ii) A State shall not use a low flow value below which numeric standards can be exceeded that is less stringent than the following for waters suitable for the establishment of low flow return frequencies (i.e., streams and rivers):

Aquatic Life
Acute criteria (CMC)1 Q 10 or 1 B 3
Chronic criteria (CCC)7 Q 10 or 4 B 3
Human Health
Non-carcinogens30 Q 5
CarcinogensHarmonic mean flow

Where:

CMC—criteria maximum concentration—the water quality criteria to protect against acute effects in aquatic life and is the highest instream concentration of a priority toxic pollutant consisting of a one-hour average not to be exceeded more than once every three years on the average;

CCC—criteria continuous concentration—the water quality criteria to protect against chronic effects in aquatic life is the highest instream concentration of a priority toxic pollutant consisting of a 4-day average not to be exceeded more than once every three years on the average;

1 Q 10 is the lowest one day flow with an average recurrence frequency of once in 10 years determined hydrologically;

1 B 3 is biologically based and indicates an allowable exceedence of once every 3 years. It is determined by EPA's computerized method (DFLOW model);

7 Q 10 is the lowest average 7 consecutive day low flow with an average recurrence frequency of once in 10 years determined hydrologically;

4 B 3 is biologically based and indicates an allowable exceedence for 4 consecutive days once every 3 years. It is determined by EPA's computerized method (DFLOW model);

30 Q 5 is the lowest average 30 consecutive day low flow with an average recurrence frequency of once in 5 years determined hydrologically; and the harmonic mean flow is a long term mean flow value calculated by dividing the number of daily flows analyzed by the sum of the reciprocals of those daily flows.

(iii) If a State does not have such a low flow value for numeric standards compliance, then none shall apply and the criteria included in paragraph (d) of this section herein apply at all flows.

(3) The aquatic life criteria in the matrix in paragraph (b) of this section apply as follows:

(i) For waters in which the salinity is equal to or less than 1 part per thousand 95% or more of the time, the applicable criteria are the freshwater criteria in Column B;

(ii) For waters in which the salinity is equal to or greater than 10 parts per thousand 95% or more of the time, the applicable criteria are the saltwater criteria in Column C; and

(iii) For waters in which the salinity is between 1 and 10 parts per thousand as defined in paragraphs (c)(3) (i) and (ii) of this section, the applicable criteria are the more stringent of the freshwater or saltwater criteria. However, the Regional Administrator may approve the use of the alternative freshwater or saltwater criteria if scientifically defensible information and data demonstrate that on a site-specific basis the biology of the waterbody is dominated by freshwater aquatic life and that freshwater criteria are more appropriate; or conversely, the biology of the waterbody is dominated by saltwater aquatic life and that saltwater criteria are more appropriate.

(4) Application of metals criteria. (i) For purposes of calculating freshwater aquatic life criteria for metals from the equations in paragraph (b)(2) of this section, the minimum hardness allowed for use in those equations shall not be less than 25 mg/l, as calcium carbonate, even if the actual ambient hardness is less than 25 mg/l as calcium carbonate. The maximum hardness value for use in those equations shall not exceed 400 mg/l as calcium carbonate, even if the actual ambient hardness is greater than 400 mg/l as calcium carbonate. The same provisions apply for calculating the metals criteria for the comparisons provided for in paragraph (c)(3)(iii) of this section.

(ii) The hardness values used shall be consistent with the design discharge conditions established in paragraph (c)(2) of this section for flows and mixing zones.

(iii) Except where otherwise noted, the criteria for metals (compounds #2, #4-# 11, and #13, in paragraph (b) of this section) are expressed as dissolved metal. For purposes of calculating aquatic life criteria for metals from the equations in footnote m. in the criteria matrix in paragraph (b)(1) of this section and the equations in paragraphs (b)(2) of this section, the water-effect ratio is computed as a specific pollutant's acute or chronic toxicity values measured in water from the site covered by the standard, divided by the respective acute or chronic toxicity value in laboratory dilution water.

(d) Criteria for Specific Jurisdictions—(1) Rhode Island, EPA Region 1. (i) All waters assigned to the following use classifications in the Water Quality Regulations for Water Pollution Control adopted under Chapters 46-12, 42-17.1, and 42-35 of the General Laws of Rhode Island are subject to the criteria in paragraph (d)(1)(ii) of this section, without exception:

6.21 Freshwater6.22 Saltwater:
  Class AClass SA
  Class BClass SB
  Class CClass SC

(ii) The following criteria from the matrix in paragraph (b)(1) of this section apply to the use classifications identified in paragraph (d)(1)(i) of this section:

Use classification Applicable criteria
Class A
Class B waters where water supply use is designated
These classifications are assigned the criteria in Column D1—#2, 68
Class B waters where water supply use is not designated
Class C;
Class SA;
Class SB;
Class SC
Each of these classifications is assigned the criteria in: Column D2—#2, 68

(iii) The human health criteria shall be applied at the 10−5 risk level, consistent with the State policy. To determine appropriate value for carcinogens, see footnote c in the criteria matrix in paragraph (b)(1) of this section.

(2) Vermont, EPA Region 1. (i) All waters assigned to the following use classifications in the Vermont Water Quality Standards adopted under the authority of the Vermont Water Pollution Control Act (10 V.S.A., Chapter 47) are subject to the criteria in paragraph (d)(2)(ii) of this section, without exception:

Class A

Class B

Class C

(ii) The following criteria from the matrix in paragraph (b)(1) of this section apply to the use classifications identified in paragraph (d)(2)(i) of this section:

Use classification Applicable criteria
1. Classes A1, A2, B1, B2, B3These classification are assigned the criterion in:
Column B2—#105.

(iii) The human health criteria shall be applied at the State-proposed 10−6 risk level.

(3)-(4) Reserved]

(5) District of Columbia, EPA Region 3. (i) All waters assigned to the following use classifications in chapter 11 Title 21 DCMR, Water Quality Standards of the District of Columbia are subject to the criteria in paragraph (d)(5)(ii) of this section, without exception:

1101.2 Class C waters

(ii) The following criteria from the matrix in paragraph (b)(1) of this section apply to the use classification identified in paragraph (d)(5)(i) of this section:

Use classification Applicable criteria
1. Class CThis classification is assigned the additional criteria in:
Column B2; #10, 118, 126.

(iii) The human health criteria shall be applied at the State-adopted 10−6 risk level.

(6) Florida, EPA Region 4. (i) All waters assigned to the following use classifications in Chapter 17-301 of the Florida Administrative Code (i.e., identified in Section 17-302.600) are subject to the criteria in paragraph (d)(6)(ii) of this section, without exception:

Class I

Class II

Class III

(ii) The following criteria from the matrix paragraph (b)(1) of this section apply to the use classifications identified in paragraph (d)(6)(i) of this section:

Use classification Applicable criteria
Class IThis classification is assigned the criteria in:
   Column D1—#16
Class II
Class III (marine)
This classification is assigned the criteria in:
   Column D2—#16
Class III (freshwater)This classification is assigned the criteria in:
   Column D2—#16

(iii) The human health criteria shall be applied at the State-adopted 10−6 risk level.

(7)-(8) [Reserved]

(9) Kansas, EPA Region 7. (i) All waters assigned to the following use classification in the Kansas Department of Health and Environment regulations, K.A.R. 28-16-28b through K.A.R. 28-16-28f, are subject to the criteria in paragraph (d)(9)(ii) of this section, without exception.

Section (2)(A)—Special Aquatic Life Use Waters

Section (2)(B)—Expected Aquatic Life Use Waters

Section (2)(C)—Restricted Aquatic Life Use Waters

Section (3)—Domestic Water Supply.

Section (4)—Food Procurement Use.

(ii) The following criteria from the matrix in paragraph (b)(1) of this section apply to the use classifications identified in paragraph (d)(9)(i) of this section:

Use classification Applicable criteria
1. Sections (2)(A), (2)(B), (2)(C), (4)These classifications are each assigned criteria as follows:
   i. Column B1, #2.
   ii. Column D2, #12, 21, 29, 39, 46, 68, 79, 81, 86, 93, 104, 114, 118.
2. Section (3)This classification is assigned all criteria in:
   Column D1, all except #1, 9, 12, 14, 15, 17, 22, 33, 36, 39, 44, 75, 77, 79, 90, 112, 113, and 115.

(iii) The human health criteria shall be applied at the State-adopted 10−6 risk level.

(10) California, EPA Region 9. (i) All waters assigned any aquatic life or human health use classifications in the Water Quality Control Plans for the various Basins of the State (“Basin Plans”), as amended, adopted by the California State Water Resources Control Board (“SWRCB”), except for ocean waters covered by the Water Quality Control Plan for Ocean Waters of California (“Ocean Plan”) adopted by the SWRCB with resolution Number 90-27 on March 22, 1990, are subject to the criteria in paragraph (d)(10)(ii) of this section, without exception. These criteria amend the portions of the existing State standards contained in the Basin Plans. More particularly these criteria amend water quality criteria contained in the Basin Plan Chapters specifying water quality objectives (the State equivalent of federal water quality criteria) for the toxic pollutants identified in paragraph (d)(10)(ii) of this section. Although the State has adopted several use designations for each of these waters, for purposes of this action, the specific standards to be applied in paragraph (d)(10)(ii) of this section are based on the presence in all waters of some aquatic life designation and the presence or absence of the MUN use designation (Municipal and domestic supply). (See Basin Plans for more detailed use definitions.)

(ii) The following criteria from the matrix in paragraph (b)(1) of this section apply to the water and use classifications defined in paragraph (d)(10)(i) of this section and identified below:

Water and use classificationApplicable criteria
Waters of the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta within Regional Water Board 5Column C1—polluntant 14.
Column C2—pollutant 14.
Waters of the State defined as bays or estuaries except the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta and San Francisco BayThese waters are assigned the criteria in:
   Column B1—pollutants 5a and 14
   Column B2—pollutants 5a and 14
   Column C1—pollutant 14
   Column C2—pollutant 14
   Column D2—pollutants 1, 12, 17, 18, 21, 22, 29, 30, 32, 33, 37, 38, 42-44, 46, 48, 49, 54, 59, 66, 67, 68, 78-82, 85, 89, 90, 91, 93, 95, 96, 98
Waters of the Sacramento—San Joaquin Delta and waters of the State defined as inland (i.e., all surface waters of the State not bays or estuaries or ocean) that include a MUN use designationThese waters are assigned the criteria in:
Column B1—pollutants 5a and 14
Column B2—pollutants 5a and 14
Column D1—pollutants 1, 12, 15, 17, 18, 21, 22, 29, 30, 32, 33, 37, 38, 42-48, 49, 59, 66, 67, 68, 78-82, 85, 89, 90, 91, 93, 95, 96, 98
Waters of the State defined as inland without an MUN use designationThese waters are assigned the criteria in:
   Column B1—pollutants 5a and 14
   Column B2—pollutants 5a and 14
   Column D2—pollutants 1, 12, 17, 18, 21, 22, 29, 30, 32, 33, 37, 38, 42-44, 46, 48, 49, 54, 59, 66, 67, 68, 78-82, 85, 89, 90, 91, 93, 95, 96, 98
Waters of the San Joaquin River from the mouth of the Merced River to VernalisIn addition to the criteria assigned to these waters elsewhere in this rule, these waters are assigned the criteria in:
   Column B2—pollutant 10
Waters of Salt Slough, Mud Slough (north) and the San Joaquin River, Sack Dam to the mouth of the Merced RiverIn addition to the criteria assigned to these waters elsewhere in this rule, these waters are assigned the criteria in:
   Column B1—pollutant 10
   Column B2—pollutant 10
Waters of San Francisco Bay upstream to and including Suisun Bay and the Sacramento-San Joaquin DeltaThese waters are assigned the criteria in:
Column B1—pollutants 5a, 10* and 14.
Column B2—pollutants 5a, 10* and 14.
Column D2—pollutants 1, 12, 17, 18, 21, 22, 29, 30, 32, 33, 37, 38, 42-44, 46, 48, 49, 54, 59, 66, 67, 68, 78-82, 85, 89, 90, 91, 93, 95, 96, 98.
All inland waters of the United States or enclosed bays and estuaries that are waters of the United States that include an MUN use designation and that the State has either excluded or partially excluded from coverage under its Water Quality Control Plan for Inland Surface Waters of California, Tables 1 and 2, or its Water Quality Control Plan for Enclosed Bays and Estuaries of California, Tables 1 and 2, or has deferred applicability of those tables. (Category (a), (b), and (c) waters described on page 6 of Water Quality Control Plan for Inland Surface Waters of California or page 6 of its Water Quality Control Plan for Enclosed Bays and Estuaries of California.)These waters are assigned the criteria for pollutants for which the State does not apply Table 1 or 2 standards. These criteria are:
Column B1—all pollutants
Column B2—all pollutants
Column D1—all pollutants except #2
All inland waters of the United States that do not include an MUN use designation and that the State has either excluded or partially excluded from coverage under its Water Quality Control Plan for Inland Surface Waters of California, Tables 1 and 2, or has deferred applicability of these tables. (Category (a), (b), and (c) waters described on page 6 of Water Quality Control Plan for Inland Surface Waters of California.)These waters are assigned the criteria for pollutants for which the State does not apply Table 1 or 2 standards. These criteria are:
Column B1—all pollutants
Column B2—all pollutants
Column D2—all pollutants except #2
All enclosed bays and estuaries that are waters of the United States that do not include an MUN designation and that the State has either excluded or partially excluded from coverage under its Water Quality Control Plan for Inland Surface Waters of California, Tables 1 and 2, or its Water Quality Control Plan for Enclosed Bays and Estuaries of California, Tables 1 and 2, or has deferred applicability of those tables. (Category (a), (b), and (c) waters described on page 6 of Water Quality Control Plan for Inland Surface Waters of California or page 6 of its Water Quality Control Plan for Enclosed Bays and Estuaries of California.)These waters are assigned the criteria for pollutants for which the State does not apply Table 1 or 2 standards. These criteria are:
Column B1—all pollutants
Column B2—all pollutants
Column C1—all pollutants
Column C2—all pollutants
Column D2—all pollutants except #2

*The fresh water selenium criteria are included for the San Francisco Bay estuary because high levels of bioaccumulation of selenium in the estuary indicate that the salt water criteria are underprotective for San Francisco Bay.

(iii) The human health criteria shall be applied at the State-adopted 10−6 risk level.

(11) Nevada, EPA Region 9. (i) All waters assigned the use classifications in Chapter 445 of the Nevada Administrative Code (NAC), Nevada Water Pollution Control Regulations, which are referred to in paragraph (d)(11)(ii) of this section, are subject to the criteria in paragraph (d)(11)(ii) of this section, without exception. These criteria amend the existing State standards contained in the Nevada Water Pollution Control Regulations. More particularly, these criteria amend or supplement the table of numeric standards in NAC 445.1339 for the toxic pollutants identified in paragraph (d)(11)(ii) of this section.

(ii) The following criteria from matrix in paragraph (b)(1) of this section apply to the waters defined in paragraph (d)(11)(i) of this section and identified below:

Water and use classificationApplicable criteria
Waters that the State has included in NAC 445.1339 where Municipal or domestic supply is a designated useThese waters are assigned the criteria in:
Column B1—pollutant #118
Column B2—pollutant #118
Column D1—pollutants #15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 23, 26, 27, 29, 30, 34, 37, 38, 42, 43, 55, 58-62, 64, 66, 73, 74, 78, 82, 85, 87-89, 91, 92, 96, 98, 100, 103, 104, 105, 114, 116, 117, 118
Waters that the State has included in NAC 445.1339 where Municipal or domestic supply is not a designated useThese waters are assigned the criteria in:
Column B1—pollutant #118
Column B2—pollutant #118
Column D2—all pollutants except #2.

(iii) The human health criteria shall be applied at the 10−5 risk level, consistent with State policy. To determine appropriate value for carcinogens, see footnote c in the criteria matrix in paragraph (b)(1) of this section.

(12) Alaska, EPA Region 10. (i) All waters assigned to the following use classifications in the Alaska Administrative Code (AAC), Chapter 18 (i.e., identified in 18 AAC 70.020) are subject to the criteria in paragraph (d)(12)(ii) of this section, without exception:

70.020.(1) (A)   Fresh Water

70.020.(1) (A)   Water Supply

(i) Drinking, culinary, and food processing,

(iii) Aquaculture;

70.020.(1) (B)   Water Recreation

(i) Contact recreation,

(ii) Secondary recreation;

70.020.(1) (C)   Growth and propagation of fish, shellfish, other aquatic life, and wildlife

70.020.(2) (A)   Marine Water

70.020.(2) (A)   Water Supply

(i) Aquaculture,

70.020.(2) (B)   Water Recreation

(i) contact recreation,

(ii) secondary recreation;

70.020.(2) (C) Growth and propagation of fish, shellfish, other aquatic life, and wildlife;

70.020.(2) (D)   Harvesting for consumption of raw mollusks or other raw aquatic life.

(ii) The following criteria from the matrix in paragraph (b)(1) of this section apply to the use classifications identified in paragraph (d)(12)(i) of this section:

Use classificationApplicable criteria
(1)(A)(i)Column D1—#s 16, 18-21, 23, 26, 27, 29, 30, 32, 37, 38, 42-44, 53, 55, 59-62, 64, 66, 68, 73, 74, 78, 82, 85, 88, 89, 91-93, 96, 98, 102-105, 107-111, 117-126.
(1)(A)(iii)Column D2—#s 14, 16, 18-21, 22, 23, 26, 27, 29, 30, 32, 37, 38, 42-44, 46, 53, 54, 55, 59-62, 64, 66, 68, 73, 74, 78, 82, 85, 88-93, 95, 96, 98, 102-105, 107-111, 115-126.
(1)(B)(i), (1)(B)(ii), (1)(C)Column D2—#s 14, 16, 18-21, 22, 23, 26, 27, 29, 30, 32, 37, 38, 42-44, 46, 53, 54, 55, 59-62, 64, 66, 68, 73, 74, 78, 82, 85, 88-93, 95, 96, 98, 102-105, 107-111, 115-126.
(2)(A)(i), (2)(B)(i), and (2)(B)ii, (2)(C), (2)(D)Column D2—#s 14, 16, 18-21, 22, 23, 26, 27, 29, 30, 32, 37, 38, 42-44, 46, 53, 54, 55, 59-62, 64, 66, 68, 73, 74, 78, 82, 85, 88-93, 95, 96, 98, 102-105, 107-111, 115-126.

(iii) The human health criteria shall be applied at the State-proposed risk level of 10−5. To determine appropriate value for carcinogens, see footnote c in the criteria matrix in paragraph (b)(1) of this section.

(13) [Reserved]

(14) Washington, EPA Region 10. (i) All waters assigned to the following use classifications in the Washington Administrative Code (WAC), Chapter 173-201 (i.e., identified in WAC 173-201-045) are subject to the criteria in paragraph (d)(14)(ii) of this section, without exception:

173-201-045

Fish and Shellfish

Fish

Water Supply (domestic)

Recreation

(ii) The following criteria from the matrix in paragraph (b)(1) of this section apply to the use classifications identified in paragraph (d)(14)(i) of this section:

Use classification Applicable criteria
Fish and Shellfish; FishThese classifications are assigned the criteria in: Column D2—all.
Water Supply (domestic)These classifications are assigned the criteria in: Column D1—all.
RecreationThis classification is assigned the criteria in: Column D2—Marine waters and freshwaters not protected for domestic water supply.

(iii) The human health criteria shall be applied at the State proposed risk level of 10−6.

[57 FR 60910, Dec. 22, 1992]

Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting §131.36, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the printed volume and at www.fdsys.gov.



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