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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR Data is current as of October 30, 2014

Title 46Chapter ISubchapter SPart 171 → Subpart C


Title 46: Shipping
PART 171—SPECIAL RULES PERTAINING TO VESSELS CARRYING PASSENGERS


Subpart C—Subdivision and Damage Stability


Contents
§171.060   Watertight subdivision: General.
§171.065   Subdivision requirements—      Type I.
§171.066   Calculation of permeability for Type I subdivision.
§171.067   Treatment of stepped and recessed bulkheads in Type I subdivision.
§171.068   Special considerations for Type I subdivision for vessels on short international voyages.
§171.070   Subdivision requirements—Type II.
§171.072   Calculation of permeability for Type II subdivision.
§171.073   Treatment of stepped and recessed bulkheads in Type II subdivision.
§171.075   [Reserved]
§171.080   Damage stability standards for vessels with Type I or Type II subdivision.

§171.060   Watertight subdivision: General.

(a) Each of the following vessels must be shown by design calculations to comply with the requirements in §§171.065 through 171.068 for Type I subdivision:

(1) Each vessel 100 gross tons or more on an international voyage: and

(2) Each vessel 150 gross tons or more in ocean service.

(b) Each vessel not described in paragraph (a) of this section must be shown by design calculations to comply with the requirements in §§171.070 to 171.073 for Type II subdivision.

(c) Except as allowed in §171.070(c), each vessel must have a collision bulkhead.

(d) Each double-ended ferry that is required by paragraph (c) of this section to have a collision bulkhead must also have a second collision bulkhead. One collision bulkhead must be located in each end of the vessel.

[CGD 79-023, 48 FR 51017, Nov. 4, 1983, as amended by USCG-2007-0030, 75 FR 78085, Dec. 14, 2010]

§171.065   Subdivision requirements—      Type I.

(a) Except as provided in paragraphs (c) and (f) of this section, the separation between main transverse watertight bulkheads on a vessel, other than one described in paragraph (b) of this section, must not exceed—

(floodable length)×(factor of subdivision)

where—

the factor of subdivision is listed under FS in Table 171.065(a).

(b) The factor of subdivision used to determine compliance with paragraph (a) of this section must be the smaller of 0.5 or the value determined from Table 171.065(a) if—

(1) The vessel is 430 feet (131 meters) or more in LBP; and

(2) The greater of the values of Y as determined by the following equations equals or exceeds the value of X in Table 171.065(b):

eCFR graphic ec01mr91.018.gif

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or

Y = (M + 2P1)/(V + P1−P)

where—

M, V, and P have the same value as listed in Table 171.065(a); and

P1=the smaller of the following:

(i) 0.6LN (0.056LN) where—

N=the total number of passengers; and

L=LBP in feet (meters).

(ii) The greater of the following:

(A) 0.4LN (0.037LN).

(B) The sum of P and the total volume of passenger spaces above the margin line.

(c) The distance A in Figure 171.065 between main transverse watertight bulkheads may exceed the maximum allowed by paragraphs (a) or (b) of this section if each of the distances B and C between adjacent main transverse watertight bulkheads in Figure 171.065 does not exceed the smaller of the following:

(1) The floodable length.

(2) Twice the separation allowed by paragraphs (a) or (b) of this section.

(d) In each vessel 330 feet (100 meters) or more in LBP, one of the main transverse watertight bulkheads aft of the collision bulkhead must be located at a distance from the forward perpendicular that is not greater than the maximum separation allowed by paragraph (a) or (b) of this section.

(e) The minimum separation between two adjacent main transverse watertight bulkheads must be at least 10 feet (3.05 meters) plus 3 percent of the LBP of the vessel, or 35 feet (10.7 meters), whichever is less.

(f) The maximum separation of bulkheads allowed by paragraphs (a) or (b) of this section may be increased by the amount allowed in paragraph (g) of this section if—

(1) The space between two adjacent main transverse watertight bulkheads contains internal watertight volume; and

(2) After the assumed side damage specified in paragraph (h) of this section is applied, the internal watertight volume will not be flooded.

(g) For the purpose of paragraph (f) of this section, the allowable increase in separation is as follows:

eCFR graphic ec01mr91.020.gif

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where—

“total volume of allowed local subdivision” is determined by calculating the unflooded volume on each side of the centerline and multiplying the smaller volume by two.

(h) The assumed extents of side damage are as follows:

(1) The longitudinal extent of damage must be assumed to extend over a length equal to the minimum spacing of bulkheads specified in paragraph (e) of this section.

(2) The transverse extent of damage must be assumed to penetrate a distance from the shell plating equal to one-fifth the maximum beam of the vessel and at right angles to the centerline at the level of the deepest subdivision load line.

(3) The vertical extent of damage must be assumed to extend vertically from the baseline to the margin line.

(i) The maximum separation between the following bulkheads must not exceed the maximum separation between main transverse watertight bulkheads:

(1) The collision bulkhead and the first main transverse watertight bulkhead aft of the collision bulkhead; and

(2) The last main transverse watertight bulkhead and the aftermost point on the bulkhead deck.

(j) The minimum separation between the following bulkheads must not be less than the minimum separation between main transverse watertight bulkheads:

(1) The collision bulkhead and the first main transverse watertight bulkhead aft of the collision bulkhead; and

(2) The last main transverse watertight bulkhead and the aftermost point on the bulkhead deck.

eCFR graphic ec01mr91.021.gif

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Table 171.065(a) (English units)

Vessel length (LBP)Criterion numeral (CN)FS
   CN less than or equal to 23A
Vessel length greater than 392 feetCN greater than 23 and less than 123F1
   CN greater than or equal to 123B
   CN less than or equal to S1
Vessel length greater than or equal to 200 feet and less than or equal to 392 feetCN greater than S and less than 123F2
   CN greater than or equal to 123B
Vessel length less than 200 feet1

Where—

FS=the factor of subdivision.

CN=60((M+2P)/V)+30000(N/L2)

A=(190/(L−160))+0.18

B=(94/(L−85))+0.18

F1=A−((A−B)(CN−23)/100)

S=(10904−25L)/48

F2=1−((1−B)(CN−S)/(123−S))

L=the length of the vessel (LBP) in feet.

M=the sum of the volume of the machinery space and the volumes of any fuel tanks which are located above the inner bottom forward or aft of the machinery space in cubic feet.

P=the volume of passenger spaces below the margin line.

V=the volume of the vessel below the margin line.

N=the number of passengers that the vessel is to be certificated to carry.

Table 171.065(a) (Metric Units)

Vessel length (LBP)Criterion numeral (CN)FS
   CN lesthan or equal to 23A
Vessel length greater than 120 metersCN greater than 23 and less than 123F1
   CN greater than or equal to 123B
   CN less than or equal to S1
Vessel length greater than or equal to 61 meters and less than or equal to 120 metersCN greater than S and less than 123F2
   CN greater than or equal to 123B
Vessel length less than 61 meters1

Where—

FS=the factor of subdivision.

CN=60((M+2P)/V)+2787(N/L2)

A=(58/(L-49))+0.18

B=(29/(L-26))+0.18

F1=A−((A−B)(CN−23)/100)

S=(3323.5−25L)/14.6

F2=1−((1−B)(CN−S)/(123−S))

L=the length of the vessel (LBP) in meters.

M=the sum of the volume of the machinery space and the volumes of any fuel tanks which are located above the inner bottom forward or aft of the machinery space in cubic meters.

P=the volume of passenger spaces below the margin line.

V=the volume of the vessel below the margin line.

N=the number of passengers that the vessel is to be certificated to carry.

Table 171.065(b)—Table of X

Vessel LBP in feet (meters)X1
430 (131)1.336
440 (134)1.285
450 (137)1.230
460 (140)1.174
470 (143)1.117
480 (146)1.060
490 (149)1.002
500 (152)0.944
510 (155)0.885
520 (158)0.826
530 (162)0.766
540 (165)0.706
550 (168)0.645
554 (169) and up0.625

1Interpolate for intermediate values.

[CGD 79-023, 48 FR 51017, Nov. 4, 1983, as amended by USCG-2007-0030, 75 FR 78085, Dec. 14, 2010]

§171.066   Calculation of permeability for Type I subdivision.

(a) Except as prescribed in paragraph (b) of this section, the following permeabilities must be used when doing the calculations required to demonstrate compliance with §171.065(a), (b), and (c):

(1) When doing calculations required to demonstrate compliance with §171.065(a) and (b), the uniform average permeability given by the formulas in Table 171.066 must be used.

(2) When doing calculations required to demonstrate that compartments on opposite sides of a main transverse watertight bulkhead that bounds the machinery space comply with §171.065(c), the mean of the uniform average permeabilities determined from Table 171.066 for the two compartments must be used.

(b) If an average permeability can be calculated that is less than that given by the formulas in Table 171.066, the lesser value may be substituted if approved by the Commanding Officer, Marine Safety Center. When determining this lesser value, the following permeabilities must be used:

(1) 95% for passenger, crew, and all other spaces that, in the full load condition, normally contain no cargo, stores, provisions, or mail.

(2) 60% for cargo, stores, provisions, or mail spaces.

(3) 85% for spaces containing machinery.

(4) Values approved by the Commanding Officer, Marine Safety Center for double bottoms, oil fuel, and other tanks.

(c) In the case of unusual arrangements, the Commanding Officer, Marine Safety Center may require a detailed calculation of average permeability for the portions of the vessel forward or aft of the machinery spaces. When doing these calculations, the permeabilities specified in paragraph (b) of this section must be used.

(d) When calculating permeability, the total volume of the ‘tween deck spaces between two adjacent main transverse watertight bulkheads that contains any passenger or crew space must be regarded as passenger space volume, except that the volume of any space that is completely enclosed in steel bulkheads and is not a crew or passenger space may be excluded.

Table 171.066—Table of Uniform Average Permeabilities

LocationUniform average permeability
         10 (a−c)
Machinery space85+_____
               v
         35(a)
Volume forward of machinery space63+___
               v
         35(a)
Volume aft of machinery space63+___
               v

For each location specified in this table—

a=volume below the margin line of all spaces that, in the full load condition, normally contain no cargo, baggage, stores, provisions, or mail.

c=volume below the margin line of the cargo, stores, provisions, or mail spaces within the limits of the machinery space.

v=total volume below the margin line.

[CGD 79-023, 48 FR 51017, Nov. 4, 1983, as amended by CGD 88-070, 53 FR 34537, Sept. 7, 1988; USCG-2014-0688, 79 FR 58287, Sept. 29, 2014]

§171.067   Treatment of stepped and recessed bulkheads in Type I subdivision.

(a) For the purpose of this section—

(1) The main transverse watertight bulkhead immediately forward of a stepped bulkhead is referred to as bulkhead 1; and

(2) The main transverse watertight bulkhead immediately aft of the stepped bulkhead is referred to as bulkhead 3.

(b) If a main transverse watertight bulkhead is stepped, it and bulkheads 1 and 3 must meet one of the following conditions:

(1) The separation between bulkheads 1 and 3 must not exceed the following:

(i) If the factor of subdivision (FS) determined from §171.065 (a) or (b) is greater than 0.9, the distance between bulkheads 1 and 3 must not exceed the maximum separation calculated to demonstrate compliance with §171.065.

(ii) If the factor of subdivision is 0.9 or less, the distance between bulkheads 1 and 3 must not exceed 90% of the floodable length or twice the maximum bulkhead separation calculated to demonstrate compliance with §171.065, whichever is smaller.

(2) Additional watertight bulkheads must be located as shown in Figure 171.067(a) so that distances A, B, C, and D, illustrated in Figure 171.067(a), satisfy the following:

(i) Distances A and B must not exceed the maximum spacing allowed by §171.065.

(ii) Distances C and D must not be less than the minimum separation prescribed by §171.065(e).

(3) The distance A, illustrated in Figure 171.067(b), must not exceed the maximum length determined in §171.065 corresponding to a margin line taken 3 inches (7.6 cm) below the step.

(c) A main transverse bulkhead may not be recessed unless all parts of the recess are inboard from the shell of the vessel a distance A as illustrated in Figure 171.067(c).

(d) Any part of a recess that lies outside the limits defined in paragraph (c) of this section must be treated as a step in accordance with paragraph (b) of this section.

(e) The distance between a main transverse watertight bulkhead and the transverse plane passing through the nearest portion of a recessed bulkhead must be greater than the minimum separation specified by §171.065(e).

(f) If a main transverse bulkhead is stepped or recessed, equivalent plane bulkheads must be used in the calculations required to demonstrate compliance with §171.065.

eCFR graphic ec01mr91.022.gif

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eCFR graphic ec01mr91.023.gif

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§171.068   Special considerations for Type I subdivision for vessels on short international voyages.

(a) The calculations done to demonstrate compliance with §171.065 for a vessel that makes short international voyages and is permitted under §75.10-10 of this chapter to carry a number of persons on board in excess of the lifeboat capacity must—

(1) Assume the uniform average permeabilities given in Table 171.068 in lieu of those in Table 171.066; and

(2) Use a factor of subdivision (FS) that is the smaller of the following:

(i) The value from Table 171.065(a).

(ii) 0.50.

(b) For a vessel less than 300 feet (91 meters) in length, the Commanding Officer, Marine Safety Center may approve the separation of main transverse watertight bulkheads greater than that permitted by paragraph (a) of this section if—

(1) The shorter separation is impracticable; and

(2) The separation is the smallest that is practicable.

(c) In the case of ships less than 180 feet (55 meters) in length, the Commanding Officer, Marine Safety Center may approve a further relaxation in the bulkhead spacing. However, in no case may the separation be large enough to prevent the vessel from complying with the flooding requirements for Type II subdivision in §171.070.

Table 171.068—Table of Uniform Average Permeabilities

LocationUniform average permeability
         10 (a−c)
Machinery Space85+____
               v
         35(b)
Volume Forward of Machinery Space95−__
            v
            35(b)
Volume Aft of Machinery Space95−___
            v

For each location specified in this table—

a=volume below the margin line of all spaces that, in the full load condition, normally contain no cargo, baggage, stores, provisions, or mail.

b=volume below the margin line and above the tops of floors, inner bottoms, or peak tanks of coal or oil fuel bunkers, chain lockers, fresh water tanks, and of all spaces that, in the full load condition, normally contain stores, baggage, mail, cargo, or provisions. If cargo holds are not occupied by cargo, no part of the cargo space is to be included in this volume.

c=volume below the margin line of the cargo, stores, provisions, or mail spaces within the limits of the machinery space.

v=total volume below the margin line.

[CGD 79-023, 48 FR 51017, Nov. 4, 1983, as amended by CGD 88-070, 53 FR 34537, Sept. 7, 1988]

§171.070   Subdivision requirements—Type II.

(a) Each vessel, except a ferry vessel, must be designed so that, while in each condition of loading and operation, it complies with the standard of flooding specified in Table 171.070(a).

(b) Except as provided in paragraph (c), each ferry vessel must be designed so that, while in each condition of loading and operation, it meets the standard of flooding specified in Table 171.070(b).

(c) A ferry vessel described in paragraph (d) of this section need not meet the standard of flooding specified in Table 171.070(b), except that a ferry vessel in Great Lakes service must at least have a collision bulkhead.

(d) Paragraph (c) of this section applies to a ferry vessel that—

(1) Is 150 feet (46 meters) or less in length; and

(2) Has sufficient air tankage, or other internal buoyancy to float the vessel with no part of the margin line submerged when the vessel is completely flooded. If foam is used to comply with this paragraph, it must be installed in accordance with the requirements in §170.245 of this subchapter.

(e) Except as specified in paragraph (f) of this section, each main transverse watertight bulkhead must be spaced as follows:

(1) Unless otherwise permitted, if the LBP of the vessel is 143 feet (43.5 meters) or more, or the vessel makes international voyages, each main transverse watertight bulkhead must be at least 10 feet (3 meters) plus 3 percent of the vessel's LBP from—

(i) Every other main transverse watertight bulkhead;

(ii) The collision bulkhead; and

(iii) The aftermost point on the bulkhead deck.

(2) If the LBP of the vessel is less than 143 feet (43.5 meters) and the vessel does not make international voyages, each main transverse watertight bulkhead must be no less than 10 percent of the vessel's LBP or 6 feet (1.8 meters), whichever is greater, from—

(i) Every other main transverse watertight bulkhead;

(ii) The collision bulkhead; and

(iii) The aftermost point on the bulkhead deck.

(f) If a vessel is required by §171.060 to have a collision bulkhead in each end of the vessel, then each main transverse watertight bulkhead must be no less than the distance specified in paragraph (e) of this section from—

(1) Every other main transverse watertight bulkhead; and

(2) Each collision bulkhead.

Table 171.070(a)—Standard of Flooding

Passengers carriedPart of vesselStandard of flooding (compartments)
400 or lessAll1
401 to 600All of the vessel forward of the first MTWB aft of the collision bulkhead.2
  All remaining portions of the vessel1
601 to 800All of the vessel forward of the first MTWB that is aft of a point 40% of the vessel's LBP aft of the forward perpendicular2
  All remaining portions of the vessel1
801 to 1000All of the vessel forward of the first MTWB that is aft of a point 60% of the vessel's LBP aft of the forward perpendicular2
  All remaining portions of the vessel1
More than 1000All2

Where for this table-

“MTWB” means main transverse watertight bulkhead; and “Standard of Flooding“ is explained in §171.017 of this subchapter.

Table 171.070(b)—Standard of Flooding for Ferry Vessels

Vessel lengthPart of vesselStandard of flooding (compartments)
150 feet (46 meters) or lessAll1
   All of the vessel forward of the first MTWB aft of the collision bulkhead2
Greater than 150 feet (46 meters) and less than or equal to 200 feet (61 meters)All of the vessel aft of the first MTWB forward of the aft peak bulkhead2
   All remaining portions of the vessel1
Greater than 200 feet (61 meters)All2

Where for this table—

“MTWB” means main transverse watertight bulkhead; and “Standard of Flooding” is explained in §171.017 of this subchapter.

[CGD 79-023, 48 FR 51017, Nov. 4, 1983, as amended by USCG-2007-0030, 75 FR 78085, Dec. 14, 2010; USCG-2014-0688, 79 FR 58287, Sept. 29, 2014]

§171.072   Calculation of permeability for Type II subdivision.

When doing calculations to show compliance with §171.070, the following uniform average permeabilities must be assumed:

(a) 85 percent in the machinery space.

(b) 60 percent in the following spaces:

(1) Tanks that are normally filled when the vessel is in the full load condition.

(2) Chain lockers.

(3) Cargo spaces.

(4) Stores spaces.

(5) Mail or baggage spaces.

(c) 95 percent in all other spaces.

[CGD 79-023, 48 FR 51017, Nov. 4, 1983, as amended by USCG-2014-0688, 79 FR 58287, Sept. 29, 2014]

§171.073   Treatment of stepped and recessed bulkheads in Type II subdivision.

(a) A main transverse watertight bulkhead may not be stepped unless additional watertight bulkheads are located as shown in Figure 171.067(a) so that the distances A, B, C, and D illustrated in Figure 171.067(a) comply with the following:

(1) A and B must not exceed the maximum bulkhead spacing that permits compliance with §171.070; and

(2) C and D must not be less than the minimum spacing specified in §171.070(e).

(b) A main transverse watertight bulkhead may not be recessed unless all parts of the recess are inboard from the shell of the vessel as illustrated in Figure 171.067(c).

(c) If a main transverse watertight bulkhead is recessed or stepped, an equivalent plane bulkhead must be used in the calculations required by §171.070.

§171.075   [Reserved]

§171.080   Damage stability standards for vessels with Type I or Type II subdivision.

(a) Calculations. Each vessel with Type I or Type II subdivision must be shown by design calculations to meet the survival conditions in paragraph (e), (f), or (g) of this section in each condition of loading and operation assuming the extent and character of damage specified in paragraph (b) of this section.

(b) Extent and character of damage. For the purpose of paragraph (a) of this section, design calculations must assume that the damage—

(1) Has the character specified in Table 171.080(a); and

(2) Consists of a penetration having the dimensions specified in Table 171.080(a) except that, if the most disabling penetration would be less than the penetration described in the table, the smaller penetration must be assumed.

(c) Permeability. When doing the calculations required in paragraph (a) of this section, the permeability of each space must be calculated in a manner approved by the Commanding Officer, Marine Safety Center or be taken from Table 171.080(c).

(d) Definitions. For the purposes of paragraphs (e) and (f) of this section, the following definitions apply:

(1) New vessel means a vessel—

(i) For which a building contract is placed on or after April 15, 1996;

(ii) In the absence of a building contract, the keel of which is laid, or which is at a similar stage of construction, on or after April 15, 1996;

(iii) The delivery of which occurs on or after January 1, 1997;

(iv) Application for the reflagging of which is made on or after January 1, 1997; or

(v) That has undergone—

(A) A major conversion for which the conversion contract is placed on or after April 15, 1996;

(B) In the absence of a contract, a major conversion begun on or after April 15, 1996; or

(C) A major conversion completed on or after January 1, 1997.

(2) Existing vessel means other than a new vessel.

(3) Watertight means capable of preventing the passage of water through the structure in any direction under a head of water for which the surrounding structure is designed.

(4) Weathertight means capable of preventing the penetration of water, even boarding seas, into the vessel in any sea condition.

(e) Damage survival for all existing vessels except those vessels authorized to carry more than 12 passengers on an international voyage requiring a SOLAS Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. An existing vessel is presumed to survive assumed damage if it meets the following conditions in the final stage of flooding:

(1) On a vessel required to survive assumed damage with a longitudinal extent of 10 feet (3 meters) plus 0.03L, the final angle of equilibrium must not exceed 7 degrees after equalization, except that the final angle may be as large as 15 degrees if—

(i) The vessel is not equipped with equalization or is equipped with fully automatic equalization; and

(ii) The Commanding Officer, Marine Safety Center approves the vessel's range of stability in the damaged condition.

(2) On a vessel required to survive assumed damage with a longitudinal extent of 20 feet (6.1 meters) plus 0.04L, the angle of equilibrium must not exceed 15 degrees after equalization.

(3) The margin line may not be submerged at any point.

(4) The vessel's metacentric height (GM) must be at least 2 inches (5 cm) when the vessel is in the upright position.

(f) Damage survival for all new vessels except those vessels authorized to carry more than 12 passengers on an international voyage requiring a SOLAS Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. A new vessel is presumed to survive assumed damage if it is shown by calculations to meet the conditions set forth in paragraphs (f) (1) through (7) of this section in the final stage of flooding and to meet the conditions set forth in paragraphs (f) (8) and (9) of this section in each intermediate stage of flooding. For the purposes of establishing boundaries to determine compliance with the requirements in paragraphs (f) (1) through (9), openings that are fitted with weathertight closures and that are not submerged during any stage of flooding will not be considered downflooding points.

(1) Each vessel must have positive righting arms for a minimum range beyond the angle of equilibrium as follows:

Vessel serviceRequired range (degrees)
Exposed waters, oceans, or Great Lakes winter15
Partially protected waters or Great Lakes summer10
Protected waters5

(2) No vessel may have any opening through which downflooding can occur within the minimum range specified by paragraph (f)(1) of this section.

(3) Each vessel must have an area under each righting-arm curve of at least 0.015 meter-radians, measured from the angle of equilibrium to the smaller of the following angles:

(i) The angle at which downflooding occurs.

(ii) The angle of vanishing stability.

(4) Except as provided by paragraph (f)(5) of this section, each vessel must have within the positive range the greater of a righting arm (GZ) equal to or greater than 0.10 meter or a GZ as calculated using the formula:

eCFR graphic er17oc95.004.gif

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where—

C=1.00 for vessels on exposed waters, oceans, or Great Lakes winter;

C=0.75 for vessels on partially protected waters or Great Lakes summer;

C=0.50 for vessels on protected waters;

Δ=intact displacement; and

Heeling moment=greatest of the heeling moments as calculated in paragraphs (f)(4) (i) through (iv) of this section.

(i) The passenger heeling moment is calculated using the formula:

Passenger Heeling Moment=0.5 (n w b)

where—

n=number of passengers;

w = passenger weight used for calculations as determined in accordance with §170.090(c) of this chapter; and

b=distance from the centerline of the vessel to the geometric center on one side of the centerline of the passenger deck used to leave the vessel in case of flooding.

(ii) The heeling moment due to asymmetric escape routes for passengers, if the vessel has asymmetric escape routes for passengers, is calculated assuming that—

(A) The weight of each passenger is the weight used for calculations as determined in accordance with §170.090(c) of this chapter;

(B) Each passenger occupies 0.25 square meter of deck area; and

(C) All passengers are distributed, on available deck areas unoccupied by permanently affixed objects, toward one side of the vessel on the decks where passengers would move to escape from the vessel in case of flooding, so that they produce the most adverse heeling moment.

(iii) The heeling moment due to the launching of survival craft is calculated assuming that—

(A) All survival craft, including davit-launched liferafts and rescue boats, fitted on the side to which the vessel heels after sustained damage, are swung out if necessary, fully loaded and ready for lowering;

(B) Persons not in the survival craft swung out and ready for lowering are distributed about the centerline of the vessel so that they do not provide additional heeling or righting moments; and

(C) Survival craft on the side of the vessel opposite that to which the vessel heels remain stowed.

(iv) The heeling moment due to wind pressure is calculated assuming that—

(A) The wind exerts a pressure of 120 Newtons per square meter;

(B) The wind acts on an area equal to the projected lateral area of the vessel above the waterline corresponding to the intact condition; and

(C) The lever arm of the wind is the vertical distance from a point at one-half the mean draft, or the center of area below the waterline, to the center of the lateral area.

(5) Each vessel whose arrangements do not generally allow port or starboard egress may be exempted, by the Commanding Officer, Marine Safety Center, from the transverse passenger heeling moment required by paragraph (f)(4)(i) of this section. Each vessel exempted must have sufficient longitudinal stability to prevent immersion of the deck edge during forward or aft egress.

(6) Each vessel must have an angle of equilibrium that does not exceed—

(i) 7 degrees for flooding of one compartment;

(ii) 12 degrees for flooding of two compartments; or

(iii) A maximum of 15 degrees for flooding of one or two compartments where—

(A) The vessel has positive righting arms for at least 20 degrees beyond the angle of equilibrium; and

(B) The vessel has an area under each righting-arm curve, when the equilibrium angle is between 7 degrees and 15 degrees, in accordance with the formula:

A≥0.0025(θ−1)

where—

A=Area required in m-rad under each righting-arm curve measured from the angle of equilibrium to the smaller of either the angle at which downflooding occurs or the angle of vanishing stability.

θ=actual angle of equilibrium in degrees

(7) The margin line of the vessel must not be submerged when the vessel is in equilibrium.

(8) Each vessel must have a maximum angle of equilibrium that does not exceed 15 degrees during intermediate stages of flooding.

(9) Each vessel must have a range of stability and a maximum righting arm during each intermediate stage of flooding as follows:

Vessel serviceRequired range (degrees)Required maximum righting arm
Exposed waters, oceans, or Great Lakes winter70.05 m
Partially-protected waters or Great Lakes summer50.035 m
Protected waters50.035 m

Only one breach in the hull and only one free surface need be assumed when meeting the requirements of this paragraph.

(g) Damage survival for vessels constructed before January 1 2009 authorized to carry more than 12 passengers on an international voyage requiring a SOLAS Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. A vessel is presumed to survive assumed damage if it is shown by calculations to comply with the damage stability required for that vessel by the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended, the applicable regulations of IMO Res. MSC.216(82) (incorporated by reference, see §171.012).

(h) Equalization. (1) Equalization systems on vessels of 150 gross tons or more in ocean service must meet the following:

(i) Equalization must be automatic except that the Commanding Officer, Marine Safety Center may approve other means of equalization if—

(A) It is impracticable to make equalization automatic; and

(B) Controls to cross-flooding equipment are located above the bulkhead deck.

(ii) Equalization must be fully accomplished within 15 minutes after damage occurs.

(2) Equalization on vessels under 150 gross tons in ocean service and on all vessels in other than ocean service must meet the following:

(i) Equalization must not depend on the operation of valves.

(ii) Equalization must be fully accomplished within 15 minutes after damage occurs.

(3) The estimated maximum angle of heel before equalization must be approved by the Commanding Officer, Marine Safety Center.

Table 171.080(a)—Extent and Character of Damage

Vessel designator1Longitudinal penetration2Transverse penetration3 4Vertical penetration Character of Damage
Z10 feet (3 meters) plus ).03L or 35 feet (10.7 meters) whichever is less.5B/5from the baseline upward without limitAssumes no damage to any main transverse watertight bulkhead.
Y10 feet (3 meters) plus )0.03L or 35 feet (10.7 meters) whichever is lessB/5From the baseline upward without limitAssumes damage to no more than one main transverse watertight bulkhead.
X10 feet (3 meters) plus )0.03L or 35 feet (10.7 meters whichever is lessB/5from the baseline upward without limitAssumes damage to no more than one main transverse watertight bulkhead.
   20 feet (6.1 meters) plus 0.04LB/5From the top of the double bottom upward without limitAssumes damage to no more than one main transverse watertight bulkhead.
W20 feet (6.1 meters) plus 0.04LB/5From the baseline upward without limitAssumes damage to at least two main transverse watertight bulkheads.

1W,X,Y, and Z are determined from Table 171.080(b).

2L = LBP of the vessel in feet (meters).

3B = the beam of the vessel in feet (meters) measured at or below the deepest subdivision load line as defined in §171.010(b) except that, when doing calculations for a vessel that operates only on inland waters or a ferry vessel, B may be taken as the mean of the maximum beam on the bulkhead deck and the maximum beam at the deepest subdivision load line.

4The transverse penetration is applied inboard from the side of the vessel, at right angles to the centerline, at the level of the deepest subdivision load line.

5.1L or 6 feet (1.8 meters) whichever is greater for vessels described in §171.070(e)(2).

Table 171.080(b)

Vessel categoryVessel designator
Vessels with type I subdivision and a factor of subdivision as determined from §171.065 (a) or (b) of 0.33 or lessW.
Vessels with type I subdivision and a factor of subdivision as determined from §171.065 (a) or (b) greater than 0.33 and less than or equal to 0.50X.
Vessels with Type II subdivision that are required to meet a two compartment standard of floodingY.
All other vesselsZ.

Table 171.080(c)—Permeability

Spaces and tanks Permeability (percent
Cargo, coal, stores60.
Accommodations95.
Machinery85.
Tankso or 95.1

1Whichever value results in the more disabling condition.

[CGD 79-023, 48 FR 51017, Nov. 4, 1983, as amended by CGD 88-070, 53 FR 34537, Sept. 7, 1988; CGD 89-037, 57 FR 41826, Sept. 11, 1992; CGD 94-010, 60 FR 53713, Oct. 17, 1995; CGD 97-057, 62 FR 51049, Sept. 30, 1997; USCG-2007-29018, 72 FR 53968, Sept. 21, 2007; USCG-2007-0030, 75 FR 78085, Dec. 14, 2010; USCG-2012-0832, 77 FR 59788, Oct. 1, 2012; USCG-2014-0688, 79 FR 58287, Sept. 29, 2014]



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