About GPO   |   Newsroom/Media   |   Congressional Relations   |   Inspector General   |   Careers   |   Contact   |   askGPO   |   Help  
 
Home   |   Customers   |   Vendors   |   Libraries  

The Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (e-CFR) is a regularly updated, unofficial editorial compilation of CFR material and Federal Register amendments produced by the National Archives and Records Administration's Office of the Federal Register (OFR) and the Government Printing Office.

Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules for the Code of Federal Regulations and the United States Code
Text | PDF

Find, review, and submit comments on Federal rules that are open for comment and published in the Federal Register using Regulations.gov.

Purchase individual CFR titles from the U.S. Government Online Bookstore.

Find issues of the CFR (including issues prior to 1996) at a local Federal depository library.

[2]
 
 

Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR Data is current as of July 28, 2014

Title 40: Protection of Environment
PART 98—MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING


Subpart E—Adipic Acid Production


Contents
§98.50   Definition of source category.
§98.51   Reporting threshold.
§98.52   GHGs to report.
§98.53   Calculating GHG emissions.
§98.54   Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.
§98.55   Procedures for estimating missing data.
§98.56   Data reporting requirements.
§98.57   Records that must be retained.
§98.58   Definitions.

§98.50   Definition of source category.

The adipic acid production source category consists of all adipic acid production facilities that use oxidation to produce adipic acid.

§98.51   Reporting threshold.

You must report GHG emissions under this subpart if your facility contains an adipic acid production process and the facility meets the requirements of either §98.2(a)(1) or (2).

§98.52   GHGs to report.

(a) You must report N2O process emissions at the facility level.

(b) You must report under subpart C of this part (General Stationary Fuel Combustion Sources) the emissions of CO2, CH4, and N2O from each stationary combustion unit following the requirements of subpart C.

§98.53   Calculating GHG emissions.

(a) You must determine annual N2O emissions from adipic acid production according to paragraphs (a)(1) or (2) of this section.

(1) Use a site-specific emission factor and production data according to paragraphs (b) through (i) of this section.

(2) Request Administrator approval for an alternative method of determining N2O emissions according to paragraphs (a)(2)(i) and (ii) of this section.

(i) You must submit the request within 45 days following promulgation of this subpart or within the first 30 days of each subsequent reporting year.

(ii) If the Administrator does not approve your requested alternative method within 150 days of the end of the reporting year, you must determine the N2O emissions for the current reporting period using the procedures specified in paragraphs (b) through (h) of this section.

(b) You must conduct an annual performance test according to paragraphs (b)(1) through (3) of this section.

(1) You must conduct the test on the vent stream from the nitric acid oxidation step of the process, referred to as the test point, according to the methods specified in §98.54(b) through (f). If multiple adipic acid production units exhaust to a common abatement technology and/or emission point, you must sample each process in the ducts before the emissions are combined, sample each process when only one process is operating, or sample the combined emissions when multiple processes are operating and base the site-specific emission factor on the combined production rate of the multiple adipic acid production units.

(2) You must conduct the performance test under normal process operating conditions.

(3) You must measure the adipic acid production rate during the test and calculate the production rate for the test period in tons per hour.

(c) Using the results of the performance test in paragraph (b) of this section, you must calculate an emission factor for each adipic acid unit according to Equation E-1 of this section:

eCFR graphic er28oc10.018.gif

View or download PDF

where:

EFN2O,z = Average facility-specific N2O emission factor for each adipic acid production unit “z” (lb N2O/ton adipic acid produced).

CN2O = N2O concentration per test run during the performance test (ppm N2O).

1.14 × 10−7 = Conversion factor (lb/dscf-ppm N2O).

Q = Volumetric flow rate of effluent gas per test run during the performance test (dscf/hr).

P = Production rate per test run during the performance test (tons adipic acid produced/hr).

n = Number of test runs.

(d) If the adipic acid production unit exhausts to any N2O abatement technology “N”, you must determine the destruction efficiency according to paragraphs (d)(1), (d)(2), or (d)(3) of this section.

(1) Use the manufacturer's specified destruction efficiency.

(2) Estimate the destruction efficiency through process knowledge. Examples of information that could constitute process knowledge include calculations based on material balances, process stoichiometry, or previous test results provided the results are still relevant to the current vent stream conditions. You must document how process knowledge was used to determine the destruction efficiency.

(3) Calculate the destruction efficiency by conducting an additional performance test on the vent stream following the N2O abatement technology.

(e) If the adipic acid production unit exhausts to any N2O abatement technology “N”, you must determine the annual amount of adipic acid produced while N2O abatement technology “N” is operating according to §98.54(f). Then you must calculate the abatement factor for N2O abatement technology “N” according to Equation E-2 of this section.

eCFR graphic er29no13.012.gif

View or download PDF

(f) You must determine the annual amount of adipic acid produced according to §98.54(f).

(g) You must calculate N2O emissions according to paragraph (g)(1), (2), (3), or (4) of this section for each adipic acid production unit.

(1) If one N2O abatement technology “N” is located after your test point, you must use the emissions factor (determined in Equation E-1 of this section), the destruction efficiency (determined in paragraph (d) of this section), the annual adipic acid production (determined in paragraph (f) of this section), and the abatement utilization factor (determined in paragraph (e) of this section), according to Equation E-3a of this section:

eCFR graphic er28oc10.020.gif

View or download PDF

where:

Ea,z = Annual N2O mass emissions from adipic acid production unit “z” according to this Equation E-3a (metric tons).

EFN2Oz = N2O emissions factor for unit “z” (lb N2O/ton adipic acid produced).

Pz = Annual adipic acid produced from unit “z” (tons).

DF = Destruction efficiency of N2O abatement technology “N” (decimal fraction of N2O removed from vent stream).

AF = Abatement utilization factor of N2O abatement technology “N” (decimal fraction of time that the abatement technology is operating).

2205 = Conversion factor (lb/metric ton).

(2) If multiple N2O abatement technologies are located in series after your test point, you must use the emissions factor (determined in Equation E-1 of this section), the destruction efficiency (determined in paragraph (d) of this section), the annual adipic acid production (determined in paragraph (f) of this section), and the abatement utilization factor (determined in paragraph (e) of this section), according to Equation E-3b of this section:

eCFR graphic er28oc10.021.gif

View or download PDF

where:

Eb,z = Annual N2O mass emissions from adipic acid production unit “z” according to this Equation E-3b (metric tons).

EFN2O,z = N2O emissions factor for unit “z” (lb N2O/ton adipic acid produced).

Pz = Annual adipic acid produced from unit “z” (tons).

DF1 = Destruction efficiency of N2O abatement technology 1 (decimal fraction of N2O removed from vent stream).

AF1 = Abatement utilization factor of N2O abatement technology 1 (decimal fraction of time that abatement technology 1 is operating).

DF2 = Destruction efficiency of N2O abatement technology 2 (decimal fraction of N2O removed from vent stream).

AF2 = Abatement utilization factor of N2O abatement technology 2 (decimal fraction of time that abatement technology 2 is operating).

DFN = Destruction efficiency of N2O abatement technology “N” (decimal fraction of N2O removed from vent stream).

AFN = Abatement utilization factor of N2O abatement technology “N” (decimal fraction of time that abatement technology N is operating).

2205 = Conversion factor (lb/metric ton).

N = Number of different N2O abatement technologies.

(3) If multiple N2O abatement technologies are located in parallel after your test point, you must use the emissions factor (determined in Equation E-1 of this section), the destruction efficiency (determined in paragraph (d) of this section), the annual adipic acid production (determined in paragraph (f) of this section), and the abatement utilization factor (determined in paragraph (e) of this section), according to Equation E-3c of this section:

eCFR graphic er28oc10.022.gif

View or download PDF

where:

Ec,z = Annual N2O mass emissions from adipic acid production unit “z” according to this Equation E-3c (metric tons).

EFN2O,z = N2O emissions factor for unit “z” (lb N2O/ton adipic acid produced).

Pz = Annual adipic acid produced from unit “z” (tons).

DFN = Destruction efficiency of N2O abatement technology “N” (decimal fraction of N2O removed from vent stream).

AFN = Abatement utilization factor of N2O abatement technology “N” (decimal fraction of time that the abatement technology is operating).

FCN = Fraction control factor of N2O abatement technology “N” (decimal fraction of total emissions from unit “z” that are sent to abatement technology “N”).

2205 = Conversion factor (lb/metric ton).

N = Number of different N2O abatement technologies with a fraction control factor.

(4) If no N2O abatement technologies are located after your test point, you must use the emissions factor (determined using Equation E-1 of this section) and the annual adipic acid production (determined in paragraph (f) of this section) according to Equation E-3d of this section for each adipic acid production unit.

eCFR graphic er28oc10.023.gif

View or download PDF

where:

Ed,z = Annual N2O mass emissions from adipic acid production for unit “z” according to this Equation E-3d (metric tons).

EFN2O = N2O emissions factor for unit “z” (lb N2O/ton adipic acid produced).

PZ = Annual adipic acid produced from unit “z” (tons).

2205 = Conversion factor (lb/metric ton).

(h) You must determine the emissions for the facility by summing the unit level emissions according to Equation E-4 of this section.

eCFR graphic er28oc10.024.gif

View or download PDF

where:

Ea,z = Annual N2O mass emissions from adipic acid production unit “z” according to Equation E-3a of this section (metric tons).

Eb,z = Annual N2O mass emissions from adipic acid production unit “z” according to Equation E-3b of this section (metric tons).

Ec,z = Annual N2O mass emissions from adipic acid production unit “z” according to Equation E-3c of this section (metric tons).

Ed,z = Annual N2O mass emissions from adipic acid production unit “z” according to Equation E-3d of this section (metric tons).

M = Total number of adipic acid production units.

(i) You must determine the amount of process N2O emissions that is sold or transferred off site (if applicable). You can determine the amount using existing process flow meters and N2O analyzers.

[75 FR 66458, Oct. 28, 2010, as amended at 78 FR 71952, Nov. 29, 2013]

§98.54   Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

(a) You must conduct a new performance test and calculate a new emissions factor for each adipic acid production unit according to the frequency specified in paragraphs (a)(1) through (3) of this section.

(1) Conduct the performance test annually. The test must be conducted at a point during production that is representative of the average emissions rate from your process. You must document the methods used to determine the representative point.

(2) Conduct the performance test when your adipic acid production process is changed either by altering the ratio of cyclohexanone to cyclohexanol or by installing abatement equipment.

(3) If you requested Administrator approval for an alternative method of determining N2O emissions under §98.53(a)(2), you must conduct the performance test if your request has not been approved by the Administrator within 150 days of the end of the reporting year in which it was submitted.

(b) You must measure the N2O concentration during the performance test using one of the methods in paragraphs (b)(1) through (b)(3) of this section.

(1) EPA Method 320, Measurement of Vapor Phase Organic and Inorganic Emissions by Extractive Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy in 40 CFR part 63, Appendix A;

(2) ASTM D6348-03 Standard Test Method for Determination of Gaseous Compounds by Extractive Direct Interface Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy (incorporated by reference, see §98.7); or

(3) An equivalent method, with Administrator approval.

(c) You must determine the adipic acid production rate during the performance test according to paragraph (c)(1) or (c)(2) of this section.

(1) Direct measurement (such as using flow meters or weigh scales).

(2) Existing plant procedures used for accounting purposes.

(d) You must determine the volumetric flow rate during the performance test in conjunction with the applicable EPA methods in 40 CFR part 60, appendices A-1 through A-4. Conduct three emissions test runs of 1 hour each. All QA/QC procedures specified in the reference test methods and any associated performance specifications apply. For each test, the facility must prepare an emissions factor determination report that must include the items in paragraphs (d)(1) through (d)(3) of this section:

(1) Analysis of samples, determination of emissions, and raw data.

(2) All information and data used to derive the emissions factor.

(3) The production rate(s) during the performance test and how each production rate was determined.

(e) You must determine the monthly amount of adipic acid produced. You must also determine the monthly amount of adipic acid produced during which N2O abatement technology is operating. These monthly amounts are determined according to the methods in paragraphs (c)(1) or (c)(2) of this section.

(f) You must determine the annual amount of adipic acid produced. You must also determine the annual amount of adipic acid produced during which N2O abatement technology is operating. These are determined by summing the respective monthly adipic acid production quantities determined in paragraph (e) of this section.

[74 FR 56374, Oct. 30, 2009, as amended at 75 FR 66460, Oct. 28, 2010; 78 FR 71953, Nov. 29, 2013]

§98.55   Procedures for estimating missing data.

A complete record of all measured parameters used in the GHG emissions calculations is required. Therefore, whenever a quality-assured value of a required parameter is unavailable, a substitute data value for the missing parameter shall be used in the calculations as specified in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section.

(a) For each missing value of monthly adipic acid production, the substitute data shall be the best available estimate based on all available process data or data used for accounting purposes (such as sales records).

(b) For missing values related to the performance test, including emission factors, production rate, and N2O concentration, you must conduct a new performance test according to the procedures in §98.54 (a) through (d).

§98.56   Data reporting requirements.

In addition to the information required by §98.3(c), each annual report must contain the information specified in paragraphs (a) through (l) of this section at the facility level.

(a) Annual process N2O emissions from adipic acid production (metric tons).

(b) Annual adipic acid production (tons).

(c) Annual adipic acid production during which N2O abatement technology (located after the test point) is operating (tons).

(d) Annual process N2O emissions from adipic acid production facility that is sold or transferred off site (metric tons).

(e) Number of abatement technologies (if applicable).

(f) Types of abatement technologies used (if applicable).

(g) Abatement technology destruction efficiency for each abatement technology (percent destruction).

(h) Abatement utilization factor for each abatement technology (fraction of annual production that abatement technology is operating).

(i) Number of times in the reporting year that missing data procedures were followed to measure adipic acid production (months).

(j) If you conducted a performance test and calculated a site-specific emissions factor according to §98.53(a)(1), each annual report must also contain the information specified in paragraphs (j)(1) through (7) of this section for each adipic acid production unit.

(1) Emission factor (lb N2O/ton adipic acid).

(2) Test method used for performance test.

(3) Production rate per test run during performance test (tons/hr).

(4) N2O concentration per test run during performance test (ppm N2O).

(5) Volumetric flow rate per test run during performance test (dscf/hr).

(6) Number of test runs.

(7) Number of times in the reporting year that a performance test had to be repeated (number).

(k) If you requested Administrator approval for an alternative method of determining N2O emissions under §98.53(a)(2), each annual report must also contain the information specified in paragraphs (k)(1) through (4) of this section for each adipic acid production facility.

(1) Name of alternative method.

(2) Description of alternative method.

(3) Request date.

(4) Approval date.

(l) Fraction control factor for each abatement technology (percent of total emissions from the production unit that are sent to the abatement technology) if equation E-3c is used.

[74 FR 56374, Oct. 30, 2009, as amended at 75 FR 66460, Oct. 28, 2010]

§98.57   Records that must be retained.

In addition to the information required by §98.3(g), you must retain the records specified in paragraphs (a) through (h) of this section at the facility level:

(a) Annual adipic acid production capacity (tons).

(b) Records of significant changes to process.

(c) Number of facility and unit operating hours in calendar year.

(d) Documentation of how accounting procedures were used to estimate production rate.

(e) Documentation of how process knowledge was used to estimate abatement technology destruction efficiency.

(f) Performance test reports.

(g) Measurements, records and calculations used to determine reported parameters.

(h) Documentation of the procedures used to ensure the accuracy of the measurements of all reported parameters, including but not limited to, calibration of weighing equipment, flow meters, and other measurement devices. The estimated accuracy of measurements made with these devices must also be recorded, and the technical basis for these estimates must be provided.

[74 FR 56374, Oct. 30, 2009, as amended at 75 FR 66461, Oct. 28, 2010]

§98.58   Definitions.

All terms used in this subpart have the same meaning given in the Clean Air Act and subpart A of this part.



For questions or comments regarding e-CFR editorial content, features, or design, email ecfr@nara.gov.
For questions concerning e-CFR programming and delivery issues, email webteam@gpo.gov.