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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR Data is current as of April 23, 2014

Title 40: Protection of Environment


PART 432—MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS POINT SOURCE CATEGORY


Contents
§432.1   General Applicability.
§432.2   General definitions.
§432.3   General limitation or standard for pH.
§432.5   Incorporation by reference.

Subpart A—Simple Slaughterhouses

§432.10   Applicability.
§432.11   Special definitions.
§432.12   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
§432.13   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).
§432.14   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]
§432.15   New source performance standards (NSPS).
§432.16   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]
§432.17   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

Subpart B—Complex Slaughterhouses

§432.20   Applicability.
§432.21   Special definitions.
§432.22   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
§432.23   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).
§432.24   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]
§432.25   New source performance standards (NSPS).
§432.26   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]
§432.27   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

Subpart C—Low-processing Packinghouses

§432.30   Applicability.
§432.31   Special definitions.
§432.32   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
§432.33   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).
§432.34   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]
§432.35   New source performance standards (NSPS).
§432.36   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]
§432.37   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

Subpart D—High-Processing Packinghouse

§432.40   Applicability.
§432.41   Special definitions.
§432.42   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
§432.43   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).
§432.44   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]
§432.45   New source performance standards (NSPS).
§432.46   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]
§432.47   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

Subpart E—Small Processors

§432.50   Applicability.
§432.51   Special definitions.
§432.52   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
§432.54   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]
§432.55   New source performance standards (NSPS).
§432.56   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]
§432.57   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

Subpart F—Meat Cutters

§432.60   Applicability.
§432.61   Special definitions.
§432.62   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
§432.63   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).
§432.64   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]
§432.65   New source performance standards (NSPS).
§432.66   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]
§432.67   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

Subpart G—Sausage and Luncheon Meats Processors

§432.70   Applicability.
§432.71   Special definitions.
§432.72   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
§432.73   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).
§432.74   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]
§432.75   New source performance standards (NSPS).
§432.76   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]
§432.77   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

Subpart H—Ham Processors

§432.80   Applicability.
§432.81   Special definitions.
§432.82   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
§432.83   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).
§432.84   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]
§432.85   New source performance standards (NSPS).
§432.86   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]
§432.87   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

Subpart I—Canned Meats Processors

§432.90   Applicability.
§432.91   Special definitions.
§432.92   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
§432.93   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).
§432.94   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]
§432.95   New source performance standards (NSPS).
§432.96   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]
§432.97   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

Subpart J—Renderers

§432.100   Applicability.
§432.101   Special definitions.
§432.102   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
§432.103   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).
§432.104   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]
§432.105   New source performance standards (NSPS).
§432.106   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]
§432.107   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

Subpart K—Poultry First Processing

§432.110   Applicability.
§432.111   Special definitions.
§432.112   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
§432.113   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).
§432.114   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]
§432.115   New source performance standards (NSPS).
§432.116   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]
§432.117   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

Subpart L—Poultry Further Processing

§432.120   Applicability.
§432.121   Special definitions. [Reserved]
§432.122   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
§432.123   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).
§432.124   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]
§432.125   New source performance standards (NSPS).
§432.126   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]
§432.127   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

Authority: 33 U.S.C. 1311, 1314, 1316, 1317, 1318, 1342 and 1361.

Source: 69 FR 54541, Sept. 8, 2004, unless otherwise noted.

§432.1   General Applicability.

As defined more specifically in subparts A through L of this part, this part applies to discharges of process wastewater to waters of the U.S. from facilities engaged in the slaughtering, dressing and packing of meat and poultry products for human consumption and/or animal food and feeds. Meat and poultry products for human consumption include meat and poultry from cattle, hogs, sheep, chickens, turkeys, ducks and other fowl as well as sausages, luncheon meats and cured, smoked or canned or other prepared meat and poultry products from purchased carcasses and other materials. Meat and poultry products for animal food and feeds include animal oils, meat meal and facilities that render grease and tallow from animal fat, bones and meat scraps. Manufacturing activities which may be subject to this part are generally reported under the following industrial classification codes:

Standard industrial classification1 North American
industrial
classification
system2
SIC 0751NAICS 311611.
SIC 2011NAICS 311612.
SIC 2013NAICS 311615.
SIC 2015NAICS 311613.
SIC 2047NAICS 311111.
SIC 2048NAICS 311119.
SIC 2077NAICS 311999.

1Source: 1987 SIC Manual

2Source: 1997 NAICS Manual

§432.2   General definitions.

As used in this part:

(a) The general definitions and abbreviations in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply.

(b) ELWK (equivalent live weight killed) means the total weight of animals slaughtered at locations other than the slaughterhouse or packinghouse that processes the animals hides, blood, viscera or other renderable materials.

(c) Fecal coliform means the bacterial count, as determined by approved methods of analysis for Parameter 1 in Table 1A in 40 CFR 136.3.

(d) Finished product means the final fresh or frozen products resulting from the further processing as defined below of either whole or cut-up meat or poultry carcasses.

(e) Further processing means operations that utilize whole carcasses or cut-up meat or poultry products for the production of fresh or frozen products, and may include the following types of processing: Cutting and deboning, cooking, seasoning, smoking, canning, grinding, chopping, dicing, forming, breading, breaking, trimming, skinning, tenderizing, marinating, curing, pickling, extruding and/or linking.

(f) LWK (live weight killed) means the total weight of animals slaughtered.

(g) Meat means products derived from the slaughter and processing of cattle, calves, hogs, sheep and any meat that is not listed under the definition of poultry below.

(h) Packinghouse means a plant that both slaughters animals and subsequently processes carcasses into cured, smoked, canned or other prepared meat products.

(i) Poultry means products derived from the slaughter and processing of broilers, other young chickens, mature chickens, hens, turkeys, capons, geese, ducks, small game fowl such as quail or pheasants, and small game such as rabbits.

(j) Raw material means the basic input materials to a renderer composed of animal and poultry trimmings, bones, blood, meat scraps, dead animals, feathers and related usable by-products.

(k) Slaughterhouse means a facility that slaughters animals and has as its main product fresh meat as whole, half or quarter carcasses or small meat cuts.

(l) The approved methods of analysis for the following six parameters are found in Table 1B in 40 CFR 136.3. The nitrate/nitrite part of total nitrogen may also be measured by EPA Method 300.0 (incorporated by reference, see §432.5).

(1) Ammonia (as N) means ammonia measured as nitrogen.

(2) BOD5 means 5-day biochemical oxygen demand.

(3) O&G means total recoverable oil and grease.

(4) O&G (as HEM) means total recoverable oil and grease measured as n-hexane extractable material.

(5) Total Nitrogen means the total of nitrate/nitrite and total Kjeldahl nitrogen.

(6) TSS means total suspended solids.

§432.3   General limitation or standard for pH.

Any discharge subject to BPT, BCT, or NSPS limitations or standards in this part must remain within the pH range of 6 to 9.

§432.5   Incorporation by reference.

(a) The material listed in this section is incorporated by reference in the corresponding sections in this part, as noted. The Director of the Federal Register approves the incorporation by reference of this material in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. This material is incorporated as it exists on the date of the approval, and notice of any change in this material will be published in the Federal Register. The material is available for purchase at the address in paragraph (b) of this section and is available for inspection at the Office of the Federal Register, 800 North Capitol Street, NW., Suite 700, Washington, DC, or at the EPA Docket Center, 1301 Constitution Ave., NW., EPA West Room B-102, Washington, DC.

(b) The following material is available for purchase from the National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, Virginia 22161. The toll-free telephone number is (800) 553-6847.

(1) “Method 300.0 Determination of Inorganic Anions by Ion Chromatography” (Revision 2.1) found in “Methods for the Determination of Inorganic Substances in Environmental Samples,” EPA 600-R-93/100 (order number PB94-120821), August 1993, IBR approved for §432.2(l).

(2) [Reserved]

Subpart A—Simple Slaughterhouses

§432.10   Applicability.

This part applies to discharges of process wastewater resulting from the production of meat carcasses, in whole or in part, by simple slaughterhouses. Process wastewater includes water from animal holding areas at these facilities.

§432.11   Special definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart: Simple slaughterhouse means a slaughterhouse that provides only minimal, if any, processing of the by-products of meat slaughtering. A simple slaughterhouse would include usually no more than two by-product processing operations such as rendering, paunch and viscera handling, or processing of blood, hide or hair.

§432.12   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BPT:

(a) Facilities that slaughter no more than 50 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following limitations:

(1) In the case of process wastewater associated with the slaughtering of animals on-site or the processing of the carcasses of animals slaughtered on-site:

Effluent Limitations

[BPT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
BOD50.240.12
Fecal Coliform(2)(3)
O&G40.120.06
TSS0.400.20

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (or g/kg) LWK.

2Maximum of 400 most probable number (MPN) or colony forming units (CFU) per 100 mL at any time.

3No maximum monthly average limitation.

4May be measured as hexane extractable material (HEM).

(2) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the processing (defleshing, washing and curing) of hides derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the following limitations apply:

Effluent Limitations

[BPT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
BOD50.040.02
TSS0.080.04

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (or g/kg) ELWK.

(3) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the processing of blood derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the following limitations apply:

Effluent Limitations

[BPT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
BOD50.040.02
TSS0.080.04

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (or g/kg) ELWK.

(4) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with wet or low-temperature rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the following limitations apply:

Effluent Limitations

[BPT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
BOD50.060.03
TSS0.120.06

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (or g/kg) ELWK.

(5) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with dry rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the following limitations apply:

Effluent Limitations

[BPT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1Maximum monthly avg.1
BOD50.020.01
TSS0.040.02

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (or g/kg) ELWK.

(b) Facilities that slaughter more than 50 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following limitations:

(1) All facilities must achieve the following effluent limitation for ammonia (as N):

Effluent Limitations

[BPT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)8.04.0

1mg/L (ppm).

(2) In the case of process wastewater associated with the slaughtering of animals on-site, the limitations for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section apply.

(3) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the processing (defleshing, washing and curing) of hides derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in paragraph (a)(2) of this section also apply.

(4) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the processing of blood derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in paragraph (a)(3) of this section apply.

(5) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with wet or low-temperature rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in paragraph (a)(4) of this section apply.

(6) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with dry rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in paragraph (a)(5) of this section apply.

§432.13   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart that slaughters more than 50 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BAT:

Effluent Limitations

[BAT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)8.04.0
Total Nitrogen194134

1mg/L (ppm).

§432.14   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]

§432.15   New source performance standards (NSPS).

Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, any source that is a new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following performance standards:

(a) Facilities that slaughter no more than 50 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following performance standards:

(1) In the case of process wastewater associated with the slaughtering of animals on-site or the processing of the carcasses of animals slaughtered on-site, the standards for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS are the same as the corresponding limitations specified in §432.12(a)(1); and standards for ammonia (as N) are as follows:

Performance Standards

[NSPS]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)0.340.17

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (or g/kg) LWK.

(2) In addition to the standards specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with processing of blood derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the standards for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(3) and the following standards for ammonia (as N) apply:

Performance Standards

[NSPS]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)0.060.03

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (or g/kg) ELWK.

(3) In addition to the standards specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with wet or low-temperature rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the standards for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(4) and the following standards for ammonia (as N) apply:

Performance Standards

[NSPS]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)0.100.05

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (or g/kg) ELWK.

(4) In addition to the standards specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of case of process wastewater associated with dry rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the standards for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(5) and the following standards for ammonia (as N) apply:

Performance Standards

[NSPS]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)0.040.02

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (or g/kg) ELWK.

(b) Facilities that slaughter more than 50 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following performance standards.

(1) In the case of process wastewater associated with the slaughtering of animals on-site or the processing of the carcasses of animals slaughtered on-site, the standards for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS are the same as the limitations specified in §432.12(a)(1) and the standards for ammonia (as N) and total nitrogen are as follows:

Performance Standards

[NSPS]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)8.04.0
Total Nitrogen194134

1mg/L (ppm).

(2) In addition to the standards specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with processing of blood derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the standards for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(3) apply.

(3) In addition to the standards specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with wet or low-temperature rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the standards for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(4) apply.

(4) In addition to the standards specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with dry rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the standards for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(5) apply.

(c) Any source that was a new source subject to the standards specified in §432.15 of title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations, revised as of July 1, 2003, must continue to achieve the standards specified in this section until the expiration of the applicable time period specified in 40 CFR 122.29(d)(1) after which it must achieve the effluent limitations specified in §§432.12 and 432.13.

§432.16   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]

§432.17   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BCT: Limitations for BOD5, TSS, O&G, and fecal coliform are the same as the corresponding limitation specified in §432.12.

Subpart B—Complex Slaughterhouses

§432.20   Applicability.

This part applies to discharges of process wastewater associated with the production of meat carcasses, in whole or in part, by complex slaughterhouses. Process wastewater includes water from animal holding areas at these facilities.

§432.21   Special definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart: Complex slaughterhouse means a slaughterhouse that provides extensive processing of the by-products of meat slaughtering. A complex slaughterhouse would usually include at least three processing operations such as rendering, paunch and viscera handling, or processing of blood, hide or hair.

§432.22   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BPT:

(a) Facilities that slaughter no more than 50 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following effluent limitations:

(1) In the case of process wastewater associated with the slaughtering of animals on-site or the processing of the carcasses of animals slaughtered on-site:

Effluent Limitations

[BPT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
BOD50.420.21
Fecal Coliform(2)(3)
O&G40.160.08
TSS0.500.25

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (or g/kg) LWK.

2Maximum of 400 MPN or CFU per 100 mL at any time.

3No maximum monthly average limitation.

4May be measured as hexane extractable material (HEM).

(2) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the processing (defleshing, washing and curing) of hides derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(2) apply.

(3) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the processing of blood derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(3) apply.

(4) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with wet or low-temperature rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(4) apply.

(5) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with dry rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(5) apply.

(b) Facilities that slaughter more than 50 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following limitations:

(1) All facilities must achieve the following effluent limitation for ammonia (as N):

Effluent Limitations

[BPT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)8.04.0

1mg/L (ppm).

(2) In the case of process wastewater associated with the slaughtering of animals on-site or the processing of the carcasses of animals slaughtered on-site, the limitations for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS are the same as the limitations specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section.

(3) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the processing (defleshing, washing and curing) of hides derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in paragraph (a)(2) of this section apply.

(4) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the processing of blood derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in paragraph (a)(3) of this section apply.

(5) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with wet or low-temperature rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in paragraph (a)(4) of this section apply.

(6) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with dry rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in paragraph (a)(5) of this section apply.

§432.23   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart that slaughters more than 50 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BAT: Limitations for ammonia (as N) and total nitrogen are the same as specified in §432.13.

§432.24   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]

§432.25   New source performance standards (NSPS).

Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, any source that is a new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following performance standards:

(a) Facilities that slaughter no more than 50 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following performance standards:

(1) In the case of process wastewater associated with slaughtering of animals on-site or the processing of the carcasses of animals slaughtered on-site, the standards for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS are the same as the limitations specified in §432.22(a)(1), and the standards for ammonia (as N) are as follows:

Performance Standards

[NSPS]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)0.480.24

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (or g/kg) LWK.

(2) In addition to the standard specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the processing of blood derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the supplemental limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(3) and the standards for ammonia (as N) specified in §432.15(a)(2) apply.

(3) In addition to the standard specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of associated with the wet or low-temperature rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the supplemental limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(4) and the standards for ammonia (as N) specified in §432.15(a)(3) apply.

(4) In addition to the standard specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the dry rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(5) and the standards for ammonia (as N) specified in §432.15(a)(4) apply.

(b) Facilities that slaughter more than 50 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following performance standards:

(1) In the case of process wastewater associated with the slaughtering of animals on-site or the processing of the carcasses of animals slaughtered on-site, the standards for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS are the same as the corresponding limitations specified in §432.22(a)(1) and the standards for ammonia (as N) and total nitrogen are the same as the limitations specified in §432.15(b)(1).

(2) In addition to the standards specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the processing of blood derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the standards for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(3) apply.

(3) In addition to the standards specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the wet or low-temperature rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the standards for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(4) apply.

(4) In addition to the standards specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the dry rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the standards for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(5) apply.

(c) Any source that was a new source subject to the standards specified in §432.25 of title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations, revised as of July 1, 2003, must continue to achieve the standards specified in this section until the expiration of the applicable time period specified in 40 CFR 122.29(d)(1) after which it must achieve the effluent limitations specified in §§432.22 and 432.23.

§432.26   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]

§432.27   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BCT: Limitations for BOD5, fecal coliform, TSS, and O&G are the same as the corresponding limitation specified in §432.22.

Subpart C—Low-processing Packinghouses

§432.30   Applicability.

This part applies to discharges of process wastewater resulting from the production of meat carcasses, in whole or in part, by low-processing packinghouses. Process wastewater includes water from animal holding areas at these facilities.

§432.31   Special definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart: Low-processing packinghouse means a packinghouse that processes no more, and usually fewer than, the total number of animals slaughtered at that plant.

§432.32   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BPT:

(a) Facilities that slaughter no more than 50 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following limitations:

(1) In the case of process wastewater associated with slaughtering of animals on-site or the processing of the carcasses of animals slaughtered on-site:

Effluent Limitations

[BPT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
BOD50.340.17
Fecal Coliform(2)(3)
O&G40.160.08
TSS0.480.24

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (or g/kg) LWK.

2Maximum of 400 MPN or CFU per 100 mL at any time.

3No maximum monthly average limitation.

4May be measured as hexane extractable material (HEM).

(2) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the processing (defleshing, washing and curing) of hides derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(2) apply.

(3) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the processing of blood derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(3) apply.

(4) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the wet or low-temperature rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(4) apply.

(5) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the dry rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(5) apply.

(b) Facilities that slaughter more than 50 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following limitations:

(1) All facilities must achieve the following effluent limitation for ammonia (as N):

Effluent Limitations

[BPT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)8.04.0

1mg/L (ppm).

(2) In the case of process wastewater associated with the slaughtering of animals on-site or the processing of the carcasses of animals slaughtered on-site, the limitations for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS are the same as the corresponding limitations specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section.

(3) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the processing (defleshing, washing and curing) of hides derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in paragraph (a)(2) of this section apply.

(4) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the processing of blood derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in paragraph (a)(3) of this section apply.

(5) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the wet or low-temperature rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in paragraph (a)(4) of this section apply.

(6) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the dry rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in paragraph (a)(5) of this section apply.

§432.33   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart that slaughters more than 50 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BAT: the limitations for ammonia (as N) and total nitrogen are the same as specified in §432.13.

§432.34   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]

§432.35   New source performance standards (NSPS).

Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, any source that is a new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following performance standards:

(a) Facilities that slaughter no more than 50 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following performance standards:

(1) In the case of process wastewater associated with the slaughtering of animals on-site or the processing of the carcasses of animals slaughtered on-site, the standards for BOD5, fecal coliform, TSS, and O&G are the same as the limitations specified in §432.32(a)(1) and the standards for ammonia (as N) are as follows:

Performance Standards

[NSPS]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)0.480.24

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (or g/kg) LWK.

(2) In addition to the standards specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the processing of blood derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(3) and the standards for ammonia (as N) specified in §432.15(a)(2) apply.

(3) In addition to the standards specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the wet or low-temperature rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(4) and the standards for ammonia (as N) specified in §432.15(a)(3) apply in addition to the standards specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section.

(4) In addition to the standards specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the dry rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(5) and the standards for ammonia (as N) specified in §432.15(a)(4) apply.

(b) Facilities that slaughter more than 50 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following performance standards:

(1) In the case of process wastewater associated with the slaughtering of animals on-site or the processing of the carcasses of animals slaughtered on-site, the standards for BOD5, fecal coliform, TSS, and O&G are the same as the corresponding limitations specified in §432.32(a)(1) and the standards for ammonia (as N) and total nitrogen are the same as the limitations specified in §432.15(b)(1).

(2) In addition to the standards specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the processing of blood derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the standards for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(3) apply.

(3) In addition to the standards specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the wet or low-temperature rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the standards for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(4) apply.

(4) In addition to the standards specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the dry rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the standards for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(5) apply.

(c) Any source that was a new source subject to the standards specified in §432.35 of title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations, revised as of July 1, 2003, must continue to achieve the standards specified in this section until the expiration of the applicable time period specified in 40 CFR 122.29(d)(1) after which it must achieve the effluent limitations specified in §§432.32 and 432.33.

§432.36   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]

§432.37   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BCT: Limitations for BOD5, fecal coliform, TSS, and O&G are the same as the corresponding limitation specified in §432.32.

Subpart D—High-Processing Packinghouse

§432.40   Applicability.

This part applies to discharges of process wastewater resulting from the production of meat carcasses, in whole or in part, by high-processing packinghouses. Process wastewater includes water from animal holding areas at these facilities.

§432.41   Special definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart: High-processing packinghouse means a packinghouse which processes both animals slaughtered at the site and additional carcasses from outside sources.

§432.42   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BPT:

(a) Facilities that slaughter no more than 50 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following limitations:

(1) In the case of process wastewater associated with the slaughtering of animals on-site or the processing of the carcasses of animals slaughtered on-site:

Effluent Limitations

[BPT]

Regulated parameter Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
BOD520.480.24
Fecal Coliform(3)(4)
O&G50.260.13
TSS20.620.31

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (or g/kg) LWK.

2The values for BOD5 and TSS are for average plants, i.e., plants where the ratio of avg. wt. of processed meat products/avg. LWK is 0.55. Adjustments can be made for high-processing packinghouses operating at other such ratios according to the following equations: lbs BOD5/1000 lbs LWK = 0.21 + 0.23 (v—0.4) and lbs TSS/1000 lbs LWK = 0.28 + 0.3 (v—0.4), where v equals the following ratio: lbs processed meat products/lbs LWK.

3Maximum of 400 MPN or CFU per 100 mL at any time.

4No maximum monthly average limitation.

5May be measured as hexane extractable material (HEM).

(2) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the processing (defleshing, washing and curing) of hides derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(2) apply.

(3) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the processing of blood derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(3) apply.

(4) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the wet or low-temperature rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(4) apply.

(5) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with dry rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(5) apply.

(b) Facilities that slaughter more than 50 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following limitations:

(1) All facilities must achieve the following effluent limitations for ammonia (as N):

Effluent Limitations

[BPT]

Regulated parameter Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)8.04.0

1mg/L (ppm).

(2) In the case of process wastewater associated with the slaughtering of animals on-site or the processing of the carcasses of animals slaughtered on-site, the limitations for BOD5, fecal coliform, TSS, and O&G are the same as the limitations specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section.

(3) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the processing (defleshing, washing and curing) of hides derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in paragraph (a)(2) of this section apply.

(4) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the processing of blood derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in paragraph (a)(3) of this section apply.

(5) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with wet or low-temperature rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in paragraph (a)(4) of this section apply.

(6) In addition to the limitations specified in paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the dry rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in paragraph (a)(5) of this section apply.

§432.43   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart that slaughters more than 50 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BAT: Limitations for ammonia (as N) and total nitrogen are the same as specified in §432.13.

§432.44   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]

§432.45   New source performance standards (NSPS).

Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, any source that is a new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following performance standards:

(a) Facilities that slaughter no more than 50 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following performance standards:

(1) In the case of process wastewater associated with the slaughtering of animals on-site or the processing of the carcasses of animals slaughtered on-site, the standards for BOD5, fecal coliform, TSS, and O&G are the same as the limitations specified in §432.42(a)(1); and standards for ammonia (as N) are as follows:

Performance Standards

[NSPS]

Regulated parameter Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)0.800.40

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (or g/kg) LWK.

(2) In addition to the standards specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the processing of blood derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(3) and the standards for ammonia (as N) specified in §432.15(a)(2) apply.

(3) In addition to the standards specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the wet or low-temperature rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(4) and the standards for ammonia (as N) specified in §432.15(a)(3) apply.

(4) In addition to the standards specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the dry rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(5) and the standards for ammonia (as N) specified in §432.15(a)(4) apply:

(b) Facilities that slaughter more than 50 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following performance standards:

(1) In the case of process wastewater associated with the slaughtering of animals on-site or the processing of the carcasses of animals slaughtered on-site, the standards for BOD5, fecal coliform, TSS, and O&G are the same as the limitations specified in §432.42(a)(1); and standards for ammonia (as N) and total nitrogen are the same as the limitations specified in §432.15(b)(1).

(2) In addition to the standards specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the processing of blood derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site, the standards for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(3) apply.

(3) In addition to the standards specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the wet or low-temperature rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the standards for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(4) apply in addition to the standards specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section.

(4) In addition to the standards specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section, in the case of process wastewater associated with the dry rendering of material derived from animals slaughtered at locations off-site and dead animals, the standards for BOD5 and TSS specified in §432.12(a)(5) apply.

(c) Any source that was a new source subject to the standards specified in §432.45 of title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations, revised as of July 1, 2003, must continue to achieve the standards specified in this section until the expiration of the applicable time period specified in 40 CFR 122.29(d)(1) after which it must achieve the effluent limitations specified in §§432.42 and 432.43.

§432.46   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]

§432.47   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BCT: Limitations for BOD5, fecal coliform, TSS, and O&G are the same as the corresponding limitation specified in §432.42.

Subpart E—Small Processors

§432.50   Applicability.

This part applies to discharges of process wastewater resulting from the production of finished meat products such as fresh meat cuts, smoked products, canned products, hams, sausages, luncheon meats, or similar products by a small processor.

§432.51   Special definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart:

(a) Finished product means the final product, such as fresh meat cuts, hams, bacon or other smoked meats, sausage, luncheon meats, stew, canned meats or related products.

(b) Small processor means an operation that produces no more than 6000 lbs (2730 kg) per day of any type or combination of finished products.

§432.52   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BPT:

Effluent Limitations

[BPT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
BOD52.01.0
Fecal Coliform(2)(2)
O&G31.00.5
TSS2.41.2

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (or g/kg) of finished product.

2No limitation.

3May be measured as hexane extractable material (HEM).

§432.54   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]

§432.55   New source performance standards (NSPS).

Any source that is a new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following performance standards:

Performance Standards

(NSPS)

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
BOD51.00.5
Fecal Coliform(2)(2)
O&G30.50.25
TSS1.20.6

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (or g/kg) of finished product.

2No limitation.

3May be measured as hexane extractable material (HEM).

§432.56   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]

§432.57   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BCT: Limitations for BOD5, TSS and O&G are the same as the corresponding standard specified in §432.55.

Subpart F—Meat Cutters

§432.60   Applicability.

This part applies to discharges of process wastewater resulting from the production of fresh meat cuts, such as steaks, roasts, chops, etc. by a meat cutter.

§432.61   Special definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart:

(a) Finished product means the final product, such as fresh meat cuts including, but not limited to, steaks, roasts, chops, or boneless meats.

(b) Meat cutter means an operation which cuts or otherwise produces fresh meat cuts and related finished products from larger pieces of meat (carcasses or not carcasses), at rates greater than 6000 lbs (2730 kg) per day.

§432.62   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BPT:

(a) Facilities that generate no more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the following effluent limitations:

Effluent Limitations

[BPT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
BOD50.0360.018
Fecal Coliform(2)(3)
O&G40.0120.006
TSS0.0440.022

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (or g/kg) of finished product.

2Maximum of 400 MPN or CFU per 100 mL at any time.

3No maximum monthly average limitation.

4May be measured as hexane extractable material (HEM).

(b) Facilities that generate more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the limitations for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS specified in paragraph (a) of this section.

§432.63   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BAT:

(a) Facilities that generate no more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the following effluent limitations:

Effluent Limitations

[BAT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)8.04.0

1mg/L (ppm).

(b) Facilities that generate more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the following effluent limitations:

Effluent Limitations

[BAT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)8.04.0
Total Nitrogen194134

1mg/L (ppm).

§432.64   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]

§432.65   New source performance standards (NSPS).

Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, any source that is a new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following performance standards:

(a) Facilities that generate no more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the limitations for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS specified in §432.62(a).

(b) Facilities that generate more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the limitations for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS specified in §432.62(b) and the limitations for ammonia (as N) and total nitrogen specified in §432.63(b).

(c) Any source that was a new source subject to the standards specified in §432.65 of title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations, revised as of July 1, 2003, must continue to achieve the standards specified in this section until the expiration of the applicable time period specified in 40 CFR 122.29(d)(1) after which it must achieve the effluent limitations specified in §§432.62 and 432.63.

§432.66   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]

§432.67   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BCT: Limitations for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS are the same as the corresponding limitation specified in §432.62.

Subpart G—Sausage and Luncheon Meats Processors

§432.70   Applicability.

This part applies to discharges of process wastewater resulting from the production of fresh meat cuts, sausage, bologna and other luncheon meats by a sausage and luncheon meat processor.

§432.71   Special definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart:

(a) Finished product means the final product as fresh meat cuts, which includes steaks, roasts, chops or boneless meat, bacon or other smoked meats (except hams) such as sausage, bologna or other luncheon meats, or related products (except canned meats).

(b) Sausage and luncheon meat processor means an operation which cuts fresh meats, grinds, mixes, seasons, smokes or otherwise produces finished products such as sausage, bologna and luncheon meats at rates greater than 6000 lbs (2730 kg) per day.

§432.72   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BPT:

(a) Facilities that generate no more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the following effluent limitations:

Effluent Limitations

[BPT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
BOD50.560.28
Fecal Coliform(2)(3)
O&G40.200.10
TSS0.680.34

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (or g/kg) of finished product.

2Maximum of 400 MPN or CFU per 100 mL at any time.

3No maximum monthly average limitation.

4May be measured as hexane extractable material (HEM).

(b) Facilities that generate more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the limitations for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS specified in paragraph (a) of this section.

§432.73   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).

Except as provided by 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BAT:

(a) Facilities that generate no more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the following effluent limitations:

Effluent Limitations

[BAT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)8.04.0

1mg/L (ppm).

(b) Facilities that generate more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the following effluent limitations:

Effluent Limitations

[BAT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)8.04.0
Total Nitrogen194134

1mg/L (ppm).

§432.74   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]

§432.75   New source performance standards (NSPS).

Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, any source that is a new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following performance standards:

(a) Facilities that generate no more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the standards for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS specified in §432.72(a).

(b) Facilities that generate more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the limitations for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS specified in §432.72(b) and the limitations for ammonia (as N) and total nitrogen specified in §432.73(b).

(c) Any source that was a new source subject to the standards specified in §432.75 of title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations, revised as of July 1, 2003, must continue to achieve the standards specified in this section until the expiration of the applicable time period specified in 40 CFR 122.29(d)(1) after which it must achieve the effluent limitations specified in §§432.72 and 432.73.

§432.76   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]

§432.77   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BCT: Limitations for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS are the same as the corresponding limitation specified in §432.72.

Subpart H—Ham Processors

§432.80   Applicability.

This part applies to discharges of process wastewater resulting from the production of hams, alone or in combination with other finished products, by a ham processor.

§432.81   Special definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart:

(a) Finished products means the final product as fresh meat cuts, which includes steaks, roasts, chops or boneless meat, smoked or cured hams, bacon or other smoked meats, sausage, bologna or other luncheon meats (except canned meats).

(b) Ham processor means an operation producing hams, alone or in combination with other finished products, at rates greater than 6000 lbs (2730 kg) per day.

§432.82   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BPT:

(a) Facilities that generate no more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the following effluent limitations:

Effluent Limitations

[BPT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
BOD50.620.31
Fecal Coliform(2)(3)
O&G40.220.11
TSS0.740.37

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (or g/kg) of finished product.

2Maximum of 400 MPN or CFU per 100 mL at any time.

3No maximum monthly average limitation.

4May be measured as hexane extractable material (HEM).

(b) Facilities that generate more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the limitations for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS specified in paragraph (a) of this section.

§432.83   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).

Except as provided by 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BAT:

(a) Facilities that generate no more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the following effluent limitations:

Effluent Limitations

[BAT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)8.04.0

1mg/L (ppm).

(b) Facilities that generate more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the following effluent limitations:

Effluent Limitations

[BAT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)8.04.0
Total Nitrogen194134

1mg/L (ppm).

§432.84   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]

§432.85   New source performance standards (NSPS).

Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, any source that is a new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following performance standards:

(a) Facilities that generate no more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the standards for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS specified in §432.82(a).

(b) Facilities that generate more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the limitations for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS specified in §432.82(b) and the limitations for ammonia (as N) and total nitrogen specified in §432.83(b).

(c) Any source that was a new source subject to the standards specified in §432.85 of title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations, revised as of July 1, 2003, must continue to achieve the standards specified in this section until the expiration of the applicable time period specified in 40 CFR 122.29(d)(1) after which it must achieve the effluent limitations specified in §§432.82 and 432.83.

§432.86   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]

§432.87   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BCT: Limitations for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS are the same as the corresponding limitations specified in §432.82.

Subpart I—Canned Meats Processors

§432.90   Applicability.

This part applies to discharges of process wastewater resulting from the production of canned meats, alone or in combination with any other finished products, by a canned meats processor.

§432.91   Special definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart:

(a) Canned meats processor means an operation which prepares and cans meats (stew, sandwich spreads, or similar products), alone or in combination with other finished products, at rates greater than 6000 lbs (2730 kg) per day.

(b) Finished products means the final product, such as fresh meat cuts which includes steaks, roasts, chops or boneless meat, smoked or cured hams, bacon or other smoked meats, sausage, bologna or other luncheon meats, stews, sandwich spreads or other canned meats.

§432.92   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BPT:

(a) Facilities that generate no more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the following effluent limitations:

Effluent Limitations

[BPT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1Maximum monthly avg.1
BOD50.740.37
Fecal Coliform(2)(3)
O&G40.260.13
TSS0.900.45

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (or g/kg) of finished product.

2Maximum of 400 MPN or CFU per 100 mL at any time.

3No maximum monthly average limitation.

4May be measured as hexane extractable material (HEM).

(b) Facilities that generate more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the limitations for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS specified in paragraph (a) of this section.

§432.93   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).

Except as provided by 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BAT:

(a) Facilities that generate no more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the following effluent limitations:

Effluent Limitations

[BAT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)8.04.0

1mg/L (ppm).

(b) Facilities that generate more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the following effluent limitations:

Effluent Limitations

[BAT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)8.04.0
Total Nitrogen194134

1mg/L (ppm).

§432.94   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]

§432.95   New source performance standards (NSPS).

Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, any source that is a new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following performance standards:

(a) Facilities that generate no more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the standards for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS specified in §432.92(a).

(b) Facilities that generate more than 50 million pounds per year of finished products must achieve the limitations for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS specified in §432.92(b) and the limitations for ammonia (as N) and total nitrogen specified in §432.93(b).

(c) Any source that was a new source subject to the standards specified in §432.95 of title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations, revised as of July 1, 2003, must continue to achieve the standards specified in this section until the expiration of the applicable time period specified in 40 CFR 122.29(d)(1) after which it must achieve the effluent limitations specified in §§432.92 and 432.93.

§432.96   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]

§432.97   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BCT: Limitations for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS are the same as the corresponding limitation specified in §432.92.

Subpart J—Renderers

§432.100   Applicability.

This part applies to discharges of process wastewater resulting from the production of meat meal, dried animal by-product residues (tankage), animal oils, grease and tallow, and in some cases hide curing, by a renderer.

§432.101   Special definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart:

(a) Raw material (RM) means the basic input materials to a renderer composed of animal and poultry trimmings, bones, meat scraps, dead animals, feathers and related usable by-products.

(b) Renderer means an independent or off-site rendering operation, which is conducted separate from a slaughterhouse, packinghouse or poultry dressing or processing operation, uses raw material at rates greater than 10 million pounds per year, produces meat meal, tankage, animal fats or oils, grease, and tallow, and may cure cattle hides, but excludes marine oils, fish meal, and fish oils.

(c) Tankage means dried animal by-product residues used in feedstuffs.

(d) Tallow means a product made from beef cattle or sheep fat that has a melting point of 40 °C or greater.

§432.102   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BPT:

Effluent Limitations

[BPT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
BOD50.340.17
Fecal Coliform(2)(3)
O&G40.200.10
TSS0.420.21

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (or g/kg) of raw material (RM).

2Maximum of 400 MPN or CFU per 100 mL at any time.

3No maximum monthly average limitation.

4May be measured as hexane extractable material (HEM).

(b) The limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in paragraph (a) of this section were derived for a renderer which does not cure cattle hide. If a renderer does cure cattle hide, the following formulas should be used to calculate BOD5 and TSS limitations for process wastewater associated with cattle hide curing that apply in addition to the limitation specified in paragraph (a) of this section:

lbs BOD5/1000 lbs RM = 17.6 × (no. of hides)/lbs RM

kg BOD5/kkg RM = 8 × (no. of hides)/kg RM

lbs TSS/1000 lbs RM = 24.2 × (no. of hides)/lbs RM

kg TSS/kkg RM = 11 × (no. of hides)/kg RM

§432.103   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).

Except as provided by 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BAT:

Effluent Limitations

[BAT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily Maximum monthly avg.
Ammonia (as N)10.140.07
Total Nitrogen2194134

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (g/kg) of raw material (RM).

2mg/L (ppm).

§432.104   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]

§432.105   New source performance standards (NSPS).

(a) Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, any source that is a new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following performance standards:

Performance Standards

[NSPS]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily Maximum monthly avg.
Ammonia (as N)10.140.07
BOD510.180.09
Fecal coliform(2)(3)
O&G1 40.100.05
Total Nitrogen5194134
TSS10.220.11

1Pounds per 1000 lbs (or g/kg) of raw material (RM).

2Maximum of 400 MPN or CFU per 100 mL at any time.

3No maximum monthly average limitation.

4May be measured as hexane extractable material (HEM).

5mg/L (ppm).

(b) The standards for BOD5 and TSS specified in paragraph (a) of this section were derived for a renderer that does not cure cattle hide as part of the plant operations. If a renderer does cure hide, the same empirical formulas specified in §432.107(b) should be used to calculate BOD5 and TSS limitations for process wastewater associated with cattle hide curing that apply in addition to the standards specified in paragraph (a) of this section.

(c) Any source that was a new source subject to the standards specified in §432.105 of title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations, revised as of July 1, 2003, must continue to achieve the standards specified in this section until the expiration of the applicable time period specified in 40 CFR 122.29(d)(1) after which it must achieve the effluent limitations specified in §§432.103 and 432.107.

§432.106   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]

§432.107   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BCT: Limitations for BOD5, fecal coliform, O&G, and TSS are the same as the corresponding limitation specified in §432.105(a).

(b) The limitations for BOD5 and TSS specified in paragraph (a) of this section were derived for a renderer which does not cure cattle hide. If a renderer does cure hide, the following formulas should be used to calculate BOD5 and TSS limitations for process wastewater associated with cattle hide curing, in addition to the limitation specified in paragraph (a) of this section:

lbs BOD5/1000 lbs RM = 7.9 × (no. of hides)/lbs RM

kg BOD5/kkg RM = 3.6 × (no. of hides)/kg RM

lbs TSS/1000 lbs RM = 13.6 × (no. of hides)/lbs RM

kg TSS/kkg RM = 6.2 × (no. of hides)/kg RM

Subpart K—Poultry First Processing

§432.110   Applicability.

This part applies to discharges of process wastewater resulting from the slaughtering of poultry, further processing of poultry and rendering of material derived from slaughtered poultry. Process wastewater includes water from animal holding areas at these facilities.

§432.111   Special definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart: Poultry first processing means slaughtering of poultry and producing whole, halved, quarter or smaller meat cuts.

§432.112   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart that slaughters more than 100 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BPT:

Effluent Limitations

[BPT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)8.04.0
BOD52616
Fecal Coliform(2)(3)
O&G (as HEM)148.0
TSS3020

1mg/L (ppm).

2Maximum of 400 MPN or CFU per 100 mL at any time.

3No maximum monthly average limitation.

§432.113   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart that slaughters more than 100 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BAT:

Effluent Limitations

[BAT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)8.04.0
Total Nitrogen147103

1mg/L (ppm).

§432.114   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]

§432.115   New source performance standards (NSPS).

Any source that is a new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following performance standards:

(a) Facilities that slaughter no more than 100 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following performance standards:

Performance Standards

[NSPS]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)8.04.0
BOD52616
Fecal Coliform(2)(3)
O&G (as HEM)148.0
TSS3020

1mg/L (ppm).

2Maximum of 400 MPN or CFU per 100 mL at any time.

3No maximum monthly average limitation.

(b) Facilities that slaughter more than 100 million pounds per year (in units of LWK) must achieve the following performance standards:

Performance Standards

[NSPS]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)8.04.0
BOD52616
Fecal Coliform(2)(3)
O&G (as HEM)148.0
TSS3020
Total Nitrogen147103

1mg/L (ppm).

2Maximum of 400 MPN or CFU per 100 mL at any time.

3No maximum monthly average limitation.

§432.116   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]

§432.117   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BCT: Limitations for BOD5, TSS, O&G (as HEM), and fecal coliform are the same as the corresponding limitation specified in §432.112.

Subpart L—Poultry Further Processing

§432.120   Applicability.

This part applies to discharges of process wastewater resulting from further processing of poultry.

§432.121   Special definitions. [Reserved]

§432.122   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart that further processes more than 7 million pounds per year (in units of finished product) must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BPT:

Effluent Limitations

[BPT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)8.04.0
BOD52616
Fecal Coliform(2)(3)
O&G (as HEM)148.0
TSS3020

1mg/L (ppm).

2Maximum of 400 MPN or CFU per 100 mL at any time.

3No maximum monthly average limitation.

§432.123   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart that further processes more than 7 million pounds per year (in units of finished product) must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BAT:

Effluent Limitations

[BAT]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)8.04.0
Total Nitrogen147103

1mg/L (ppm).

§432.124   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). [Reserved]

§432.125   New source performance standards (NSPS).

Any source that is a new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following performance standards:

(a) Facilities that further process no more than 7 million pounds per year (in units of finished product) must achieve the following performance standards:

Performance Standards

[NSPS]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)8.04.0
BOD52616
Fecal Coliform(2)(3)
O&G (as HEM)148.0
TSS3020

1mg/L (ppm).

2Maximum of 400 MPN or CFU per 100 mL at any time.

3No maximum monthly average limitation.

(b) Facilities that further process more than 7 million pounds per year (in units of finished product) must achieve the following performance standards:

Effluent Limitations

[NSPS]

Regulated
parameter
Maximum daily1 Maximum monthly avg.1
Ammonia (as N)8.04.0
BOD52616
Fecal Coliform(2)(3)
O&G (as HEM)148.0
TSS3020
Total Nitrogen147103

1mg/L (ppm).

2Maximum of 400 MPN or CFU per 100 mL at any time.

3No maximum monthly average limitation.

§432.126   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS). [Reserved]

§432.127   Effluent limitations attainable by the application of the best control technology for conventional pollutants (BCT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the application of BCT: Limitations for BOD5, TSS, O&G (as HEM), and fecal coliform are the same as the corresponding limitation specified in §432.122.



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