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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR Data is current as of April 17, 2014

Title 40: Protection of Environment


PART 419—PETROLEUM REFINING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY


Contents

Subpart A—Topping Subcategory

§419.10   Applicability; description of the topping subcategory.
§419.11   Specialized definitions.
§419.12   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
§419.13   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).
§419.14   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).
§419.15   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).
§419.16   Standards of performance for new sources (NSPS).
§419.17   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

Subpart B—Cracking Subcategory

§419.20   Applicability; description of the cracking subcategory.
§419.21   Specialized definitions.
§419.22   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
§419.23   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).
§419.24   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).
§419.25   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).
§419.26   Standards of performance for new sources (NSPS).
§419.27   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

Subpart C—Petrochemical Subcategory

§419.30   Applicability; description of the petrochemical subcategory.
§419.31   Specialized definitions.
§419.32   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available.
§419.33   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).
§419.34   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).
§419.35   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).
§419.36   Standards of performance for new sources (NSPS).
§419.37   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

Subpart D—Lube Subcategory

§419.40   Applicability; description of the lube subcategory.
§419.41   Specialized definitions.
§419.42   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
§419.43   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).
§419.44   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).
§419.45   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).
§419.46   Standards of performance for new sources (NSPS).
§419.47   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

Subpart E—Integrated Subcategory

§419.50   Applicability; description of the integrated subcategory.
§419.51   Specialized definitions.
§419.52   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
§419.53   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).
§419.54   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).
§419.55   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).
§419.56   Standards of performance for new sources (NSPS).
§419.57   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).
Appendix A to Part 419—Processes Included in the Determination of BAT Effluent Limitations for Total Chromium, Hexavalent Chromium, and Phenolic Compounds (4AAP)

Authority: Secs. 301, 304 (b), (c), (e), and (g), 306 (b) and (c), 307 (b) and (c), and 501 of the Clean Water Act (the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972 as amended by the Clean Water Act of 1977) (the “Act”); 33 U.S.C. 1311, 1314 (b), (c), (e), and (g), 1316 (b) and (c), 1317 (b) and (c), and 1361; 86 Stat. 816, Pub. L. 92-500; 91 Stat. 1567, Pub. L. 95-217.

Source: 47 FR 46446, Oct. 18, 1982, unless otherwise noted.

Subpart A—Topping Subcategory

§419.10   Applicability; description of the topping subcategory.

The provisions of this subpart apply to discharges from any facility that produces petroleum products by the use of topping and catalytic reforming, whether or not the facility includes any other process in addition to topping and catalytic reforming. The provisions of this subpart do not apply to facilities that include thermal processes (coking, vis-breaking, etc.) or catalytic cracking.

§419.11   Specialized definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart:

(a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations, and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall apply to this subpart.

(b) The term runoff shall mean the flow of storm water resulting from precipitation coming into contact with petroleum refinery property.

(c) The term ballast shall mean the flow of waters, from a ship, that is treated along with refinery wastewaters in the main treatment system.

(d) The term feedstock shall mean the crude oil and natural gas liquids fed to the topping units.

(e) The term once-through cooling water shall mean those waters discharged that are used for the purpose of heat removal and that do not come into direct contact with any raw material, intermediate, or finished product.

(f) The following abbreviations shall be used: (1) Mgal means one thousand gallons; (2) Mbbl means one thousand barrels (one barrel is equivalent to 42 gallons).

(g) The term contaminated runoff shall mean runoff which comes into contact with any raw material, intermediate product, finished product, by-product or waste product located on petroleum refinery property.

[47 FR 46446, Oct. 18, 1982, as amended at 50 FR 28522, July 12, 1985]

§419.12   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT):

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBPT Effluent Limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of feedstock)
BOD522.712.0
TSS15.810.1
COD1117.060.3
Oil and grease6.93.7
Phenolic compounds0.1680.076
Ammonia as N2.811.27
Sulfide0.1490.068
Total chromium0.3450.20
Hexavalent chromium0.0280.012
pH(2)(2)
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl of feedstock)
BOD58.04.25
TSS5.63.6
COD141.221.3
Oil and grease2.51.3
Phenolic compounds0.0600.027
Ammonia as N0.990.45
Sulfide0.0530.024
Total chromium0.1220.071
Hexavalent chromium0.010.0044
pH(2)(2)

1See footnote following table in §419.13(d).

2Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0.

(b) The limits set forth in paragraph (a) of this section are to be multiplied by the following factors to calculate the maximum for any one day and maximum average of daily values for thirty consecutive days.

(1) Size factor.

1,000 bbl of feedstock per stream daySize factor
Less than 24.91.02
25.0 to 49.91.06
50.0 to 74.91.16
75.0 to 99.91.26
100 to 124.91.38
125.0 to 149.91.50
150.0 or greater1.57

(2) Process factor.

Process configurationProcess factor
Less than 2.490.62
2.5 to 3.490.67
3.5 to 4.490.80
4.5 to 5.490.95
5.5 to 5.991.07
6.0 to 6.491.17
6.5 to 6.991.27
7.0 to 7.491.39
7.5 to 7.991.51
8.0 to 8.491.64
8.5 to 8.991.79
9.0 to 9.491.95
9.5 to 9.992.12
10.0 to 10.492.31
10.5 to 10.992.51
11.0 to 11.492.73
11.5 to 11.992.98
12.0 to 12.493.24
12.5 to 12.993.53
13.0 to 13.493.84
13.5 to 13.994.18
14.0 or greater4.36

(3) See the comprehensive example Subpart D, §419.42(b)(3).

(c) The following allocations constitute the quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph and attributable to ballast, which may be discharged after the application of best practicable control technology currently available, by a point source subject to this subpart, in addition to the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section. The allocation allowed for ballast water flow, as kg/cu m (lb/M gal), shall be based on those ballast waters treated at the refinery.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBPT effluent limitations for ballast water
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per cubic meter of flow)
BOD50.0480.026
TSS0.0330.021
COD10.470.24
Oil and grease0.0150.008
pH(2)(2)
English units (pounds per 1,000 gal of flow)
BOD50.400.21
TSS0.260.17
COD13.92.0
Oil and grease0.1260.067
pH(2)(2)

1See footnote following table in §419.13(d).

2Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0.

(d) The quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph, attributable to once-through cooling water, are excluded from the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section. Once-through cooling water may be discharged with a total organic carbon concentration not to exceed 5 mg/l.

(e) Effluent limitations for contaminated runoff. The following effluent limitations constitute the quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph and attributable to contaminated runoff, which may be discharged after the application of the best practicable control technology currently available by a point source subject to this subpart.

(1) If wastewater consists solely of contaminated runoff and is not commingled or treated with process wastewater, it may be discharged if it does not exceed 15 mg/l oil and grease and 110 mg/l total organic carbon (TOC) based upon an analysis of any single grab or composite sample.

(2) If contaminated runoff is commingled or treated with process wastewater, or if wastewater consisting solely of contaminated runoff which exceeds 15 mg/l oil and grease or 110 mg/l TOC is not commingled or treated with any other type of wastewater, the quantity of pollutants discharged shall not exceed the quantity determined by multiplying the flow of contaminated runoff as determined by the permit writer times the concentrations listed in the following table:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBPT effluent limitations for contaminated runoff
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of flow)
BOD548.26.
TSS33.21.
COD1360.180.
Oil and grease15.8.
Phenolic compounds (4AAP)0.350.17
Total chromium0.730.43
Hexavalent chromium0.0620.028
pH(2)(2)
English units (pounds per 1,000 gallons of flow)
BOD50.400.22
TSS0.280.18
COD13.01.5
Oil and grease0.130.067
Phenolic compounds (4AAP)0.00290.0014
Total chromium0.00600.0035
Hexavalent chromium0.000520.00023
pH(2)(2)

1In any case in which the applicant can demonstrate that the chloride ion concentration in the effluent exceeds 1,000 mg/l (1,000 ppm), the permitting authority may substitute TOC as a parameter in lieu of COD. A TOC effluent limitation shall be based on effluent data from the particular refinery which correlates TOC to BOD5. If in the judgment of the permitting authority, adequate correlation data are not available, the effluent limitations for TOC shall be established at a ratio of 2.2 to 1 to the applicable effluent limitations for BOD5.

2Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0.

[47 FR 46446, Oct. 18, 1982, as amended at 50 FR 28522, 28523, July 12, 1985; 50 FR 32414, Aug. 12, 1985]

§419.13   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT):

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBAT effluent limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of feedstock)
COD111760.3
Ammonia as N2.811.27
Sulfide0.1490.068
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl of feedstock)
COD141.221.3
Ammonia as N0.990.45
Sulfide0.0530.024

1See footnote following table in §419.13(d).

(b) The limits set forth in paragraph (a) of this section are to be multiplied by the following factors to calculate the maximum for any one day and maximum average of daily values for thirty consecutive days.

(1) Size factor.

1,000 bbl of feedstock per stream daySize factor
Less than 24.91.02
25.0 to 49.91.06
50.0 to 74.91.16
75.0 to 99.91.26
100 to 124.91.38
125.0 to 149.91.50
150.0 or greater1.57

(2) Process factor.

Process configurationProcess factor
Less than 2.490.62
2.5 to 3.490.67
3.5 to 4.490.80
4.5 to 5.490.95
5.5 to 5.991.07
6.0 to 6.491.17
6.5 to 6.991.27
7.0 to 7.491.39
7.5 to 7.991.51
8.0 to 8.491.64
8.5 to 9.991.79
9.0 to 9.491.95
9.5 to 9.992.12
10.0 to 10.492.31
10.5 to 10.992.51
11.0 to 11.492.73
11.5 to 11.992.98
12.0 to 12.493.24
12.5 to 12.993.53
13.0 to 13.493.84
13.5 to 13.994.18
14.0 or greater4.36

(3) See the comprehensive example in subpart D, §419.42(b)(3).

(c)(1) In addition to the provisions contained above pertaining to COD, ammonia and sulfide, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT):

(i) For each of the regulated pollutant parameters listed below, the effluent limitation for a given refinery is the sum of the products of each effluent limitation factor times the applicable process feedstock rate, calculated as provided in 40 CFR 122.45(b). Applicable production processes are presented in appendix A, by process type. The process identification numbers presented in this appendix A are for the convenience of the reader. They can be cross-referenced in the Development Document for Effluent Limitations Guidelines, New Source Performance Standards, and Pretreatment Standards for the Petroleum Refining Point Source Category (EPA 440/1-82/014), Table III-7, pp. 49-54.

Pollutant or pollutant property and process typeBAT effluent limitation factor
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 cubic meters of feedstock)
Phenolic compounds (4AAP):
Crude0.0370.009
Cracking and coking0.4190.102
Asphalt0.2260.055
Lube1.0550.257
Reforming and alkylation0.3770.092
Total chromium:
Crude0.0300.011
Cracking and coking0.3400.118
Asphalt0.1830.064
Lube0.8550.297
Reforming and alkylation0.3050.106
Hexavalent chromium:
Crude0.00190.0009
Cracking and coking0.02180.0098
Asphalt0.01170.0053
Lube0.05490.0248
Reforming and alkylation0.01960.0088
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl of feedstock)
Phenolic compounds (4AAP):
Crude0.0130.003
Cracking and coking0.1470.036
Asphalt0.0790.019
Lube0.3690.090
Reforming and alkylation0.1320.032
Total chromium:
Crude0.0110.004
Cracking and coking0.1190.041
Asphalt0.0640.022
Lube0.2990.104
Reforming and alkylation0.1070.037
Hexavalent chromium:
Crude0.00070.0003
Cracking and coking0.00760.0034
Asphalt0.00410.0019
Lube0.01920.0087
Reforming and alkylation0.00690.0031

(2) See the comprehensive example in subpart D, §419.43(c)(2).

(d) The following allocations constitute the quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph, attributable to ballast, which may be discharged after the application of best available technology economically achievable by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart. These allocations are in addition to the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section. The allocation allowed for ballast water flow, as kg/cu m (lb/M gal), shall be based on those ballast waters treated at the refinery.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBAT effluent limitations for ballast water
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage or daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per cubic meter of flow)
COD10.470.24
English units (pounds per 1,000 gal of flow)
COD13.92.0

1In any case in which the applicant can demonstrate that the chloride ion concentration in the effluent exceeds 1,000 mg/l (1,000 ppm), the Regional Administrator may substitute TOC as a parameter in lieu of COD Effluent limitations for TOC shall be based on effluent data from the plant correlating TOC to BOD5.

If in the judgment of the Regional Administrator, adequate correlation data are not available, the effluent limitations for TOC shall be established at a ratio of 2.2 to 1 to the applicable effluent limitations on BOD5.

(e) The quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph, attributable to once-through cooling water, are excluded from the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section. Once-through cooling water may be discharged with a total organic carbon concentration not to exceed 5 mg/l.

(f) Effluent limitations for contaminated runoff. The following effluent limitations constitute the quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph and attributable to contaminated runoff, which may be discharged after the application of the best available technology economically achievable by a point source subject to this subpart.

(1) If wastewater consists solely of contaminated runoff and is not commingled or treated with process wastewater, it may be discharged if it does not exceed 110 mg/l total organic carbon (TOC) based upon an analysis of any single grab or composite sample.

(2) If contaminated runoff is commingled or treated with process wastewater, or if wastewater consisting solely of contaminated runoff which exceeds 110 mg/l TOC is not commingled or treated with any other type of wastewater, the quantity of pollutants discharged shall not exceed the quantity determined by multiplying the flow of contaminated runoff as determined by the permit writer times the concentrations listed in the following table:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBAT effluent limitations for contaminated runoff
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of flow)
Phenolic compounds (4AAP)0.350.17
Total chromium0.600.21
Hexavalent chromium0.0620.028
COD1360.180.
English units (pounds per 1,000 gallons of flow)
Phenolic compounds (4AAP)0.00290.0014
Total chromium0.00500.0018
Hexavalent chromium0.000520.00023
COD13.01.5

1In any case in which the applicant can demonstrate that the chloride ion concentration in the effluent exceeds 1,000 mg/l (1,000 ppm), the permitting authority may substitute TOC as a parameter in lieu of COD. A TOC effluent limitation shall be based on effluent data from the particular refinery which correlates TOC to BOD5. If in the judgement of the permitting authority, adequate correlation data are not available, the effluent limitations for TOC shall be established at a ratio of 2.2 to 1 to the applicable effluent limitations for BOD5

[47 FR 46446, Oct. 18, 1982, as amended at 50 FR 28523, July 12, 1985; 50 FR 32414, Aug. 12, 1985]

§419.14   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

(a) Any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBCT effluent limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (Kilograms per 1,000 m3 of feedstock)
BOD522.712.0
TSS15.810.1
Oil and Grease6.93.7
pH(1)(1)
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl of feedstock)
BOD58.04.25
TSS5.63.6
Oil and Grease2.51.3
PH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0.

(b) The limits set forth in paragraph (a) of this section are to be multiplied by the following factors to calculate the maximum for any one day and maximum average of daily values for thirty consecutive days.

(1) Size factor.

1,000 bbl of feedstock per stream daySize factor
Less than 24.91.02
25.0 to 49.91.06
50.0 to 74.91.16
75.0 to 99.91.26
100 to 124.91.38
125.0 to 149.91.50
150.0 or greater1.57

(2) Process factor.

Process configurationProcess factor
Less than 2.490.62
2.5 to 3.490.67
3.5 to 4.490.80
4.5 to 5.490.95
5.5 to 5.991.07
6.0 to 6.491.17
6.5 to 6.991.27
7.0 to 7.491.39
7.5 to 7.991.51
8.0 to 8.491.64
8.5 to 8.991.79
9.0 to 9.491.95
9.5 to 9.992.12
10.0 to 10.492.31
10.5 to 10.992.51
11.0 to 11.492.73
11.5 to 11.992.98
12.0 to 12.493.24
12.5 to 12.993.53
13.0 to 13.493.84
13.5 to 13.994.18
14.0 or greater4.36

(3) See the comprehensive example in subpart D, §419.43(b)(3).

(c) The following allocations constitute the quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph and attributable to ballast, which may be discharged after the application of best conventional pollutant control technology by a point source subject to this subpart, in addition to the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section. The allocation allowed for ballast water flow, as kg/cu m (lb/1000 gal), shall be based on those ballast waters treated at the refinery.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBCT Effluent limitations for ballast water
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per m3 of flow)
BOD50.0480.026
TSS0.0330.021
Oil and grease0.0150.008
pH(1)(1)
English units (pounds per 1000 gallons of flow)
BOD50.400.21
TSS0.260.17
Oil and grease0.1260.067
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0.

(d) The quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph attributable to once-through cooling water, are excluded from the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section.

(e) Effluent limitations for contaminated runoff. The following effluent limitations constitute the quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph and attributable to contaminated runoff which may be discharged after the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology by a point source subject to this subpart.

(1) If wastewater consists solely of contaminated runoff and is not commingled or treated with process wastewater, it may be discharged if it does not exceed 15 mg/l oil and grease based upon an analysis of any single grab or composite sample.

(2) If contaminated runoff is commingled or treated with process wastewater, or if wastewater consisting solely of contaminated runoff which exceeds 15 mg/l oil and grease is not commingled or treated with any other type of wastewater, the quantity of pollutants discharged shall not exceed the quantity determined by multiplying the flow of contaminated runoff as determined by the permit writer times the concentrations listed in the following table:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBCT effluent limitations for contaminated runoff
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 (m3 of flow)
BOD548.26.
TSS33.21.
Oil and grease15.8.
pH(1)(1)
English units (pounds per 1,000 gallons of flow)
BOD50.400.22
TSS0.280.18
Oil and grease0.130.067
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0.

[50 FR 28524, July 12, 1985]

§419.15   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7 and 403.13 any existing source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). The following standards apply to the total refinery flow contribution to the POTW:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyPretreatment standards for existing sources maximum for any 1 day
(Milligrams per liter (mg/l))
Oil and Grease100
Ammonia (as N)1100

1Where the discharge to the POTW consists solely of sour waters, the owner or operator has the option of complying with this limit or the daily maximum mass limitation for ammonia set forth in §419.13 (a) and (b).

§419.16   Standards of performance for new sources (NSPS).

(a) Any new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following new source performance standards (NSPS):

Pollutant or pollutant propertyNSPS effluent limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per cubic meter of flow)
BOD511.86.3
TSS8.34.9
COD161.032
Oil and grease3.61.9
Phenolic compounds0.0880.043
Ammonia as N2.81.3
Sulfide0.0780.035
Total chromium0.180.105
Hexavalent chromium0.0150.0068
pH(2)(2)
English units (pounds per 1,000 gal of flow)
BOD54.22.2
TSS3.01.9
COD121.711.2
Oil and grease1.30.70
Phenolic compounds0.0310.016
Ammonia as N1.00.45
Sulfide0.0270.012
Total chromium0.0640.037
Hexavalent chromium0.00520.0025
pH(2)(2)

1See footnote following table in §419.13(d).

2Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0

(b) The limits set forth in paragraph (a) of this section are to be multiplied by the following factors to calculate the maximum for any one day and maximum average of daily values for thirty consecutive days.

(1) Size factor.

1,000 bbl of feedstock per stream daySize factor
Less than 24.91.02
25.0 to 49.91.06
50.0 to 74.91.16
75.0 to 99.91.26
100 to 124.91.38
125.0 to 149.91.50
150.0 or greater1.57

(2) Process factor.

Process configurationProcess factor
Less than 2.490.62
2.5 to 3.490.67
3.5 to 4.490.80
4.5 to 5.490.95
5.5 to 5.991.07
6.0 to 6.491.17
6.5 to 6.991.27
7.0 to 7.491.39
7.5 to 7.991.51
8.0 to 8.491.64
8.5 to 9.991.79
9.0 to 9.491.95
9.5 to 9.992.12
10.0 to 10.492.31
10.5 to 10.992.51
11.0 to 11.492.73
11.5 to 11.992.98
12.0 to 12.493.24
12.5 to 12.993.53
13.0 to 13.493.84
13.5 to 13.994.18
14.0 or greater4.36

(3) See the comprehensive example in subpart D, §419.42(b)(3).

(c) The following allocations constitute the quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph and attributable to ballast, which may be discharged after the application of best practicable control technology currently available, by a point source subject to this subpart, in addition to the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section. The allocation allowed for ballast water flow, as kg/cu m (lb/Mgal), shall be based on those ballast waters treated at the refinery.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyNSPS Effluent Limitations for Ballast Water
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per cubic meter of flow)
BOD50.0480.026
TSS0.0330.021
COD10.470.24
Oil and grease0.0150.008
pH(2)(2)
English units (pounds per 1,000 gal of flow)
BOD50.400.21
TSS0.270.17
COD13.92.0
Oil and grease0.1260.067
pH(2)(2)

1See footnote following table in §419.13(d).

2Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0

(d) The quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph, attributable to once-through cooling water, are excluded from the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section. Once-through cooling water may be discharged with a total organic carbon concentration not to exceed 5 mg/l.

(e) Effluent limitations for runoff. [Reserved]

[47 FR 46446, Oct. 18, 1982, as amended at 50 FR 28523, July 12, 1985; 50 FR 32414, Aug. 12, 1985]

§419.17   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7, any new source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

(a) The following standards apply to the total refinery flow contribution to the POTW:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyPretreatment standards for new sources—maximum for any 1 day
Milligrams per liter (mg/1)
Oil and grease100
Ammonia (as N)1100

1Where the discharge to the POTW consists solely of sour waters, the owner or operator has the option of complying with this limit or the daily maximum mass limitation for ammonia set forth in §419.16 (a) and (b).

(b) The following standard is applied to the cooling tower discharge part of the total refinery flow to the POTW by multiplying: (1) The standard; (2) by the total refinery flow to the POTW; and (3) by the ratio of the cooling tower discharge flow to the total refinery flow.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyPretreatment standards for new sources—maximum for any 1 day
Milligrams per liter (mg/1)
Total chromium1

Subpart B—Cracking Subcategory

§419.20   Applicability; description of the cracking subcategory.

The provisions of this subpart are applicable to all discharges from any facility that produces petroleum products by the use of topping and cracking, whether or not the facility includes any process in addition to topping and cracking. The provisions of this subpart are not applicable, however, to facilities that include the processes specified in subparts C, D, or E of this part.

§419.21   Specialized definitions.

The general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter and the specialized definitions set forth in §419.11 shall apply to this subpart.

§419.22   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBPT effluent limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of feedstock)
BOD528.215.6
TSS19.512.6
COD1210.0109
Oil and grease8.44.5
Phenolic compounds0.210.10
Ammonia as N18.88.5
Sulfide0.180.082
Total chromium0.430.25
Hexavalent chromium0.0350.016
pH(2)(2)
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl feedstock)
BOD59.95.5
TSS6.94.4
COD174.038.4
Oil and grease3.01.6
Phenolic compounds0.0740.036
Ammonia as N6.63.0
Sulfide0.0650.029
Total chromium0.150.088
Hexavalent chromium0.0120.0056
pH(2)(2)

1See footnote following table in §419.13(d).

2Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0.

(b) The limits set forth in paragraph (a) of this section are to be multiplied by the following factors to calculate the maximum for any one day and maximum average of daily values for thirty consecutive days.

(1) Size factor.

1,000 bbl of feedstock per stream daySize factor
Less than 24.90.91
25.0 to 49.90.95
50.0 to 74.91.04
75.0 to 99.91.13
100.0 to 124.91.23
125.0 to 149.91.35
150.0 or greater1.41

(2) Process factor.

Process configurationProcess factor
Less than 2.490.58
2.5 to 3.490.63
3.5 to 4.490.74
4.5 to 5.490.88
5.5 to 5.991.00
6.0 to 6.491.09
6.5 to 6.991.19
7.0 to 7.491.29
7.5 to 7.991.41
8.0 to 8.491.53
8.5 to 8.991.67
9.0 to 9.491.82
9.5 or greater1.89

(3) See the comprehensive example subpart D, §419.42(b)(3).

(c) The provisions of §419.12(c) apply to discharges of process wastewater pollutants attributable to ballast water by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart.

(d) The quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph, attributable to once-through cooling water, are excluded from the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section. Once-through cooling water may be discharged with a total organic carbon concentration not to exceed 5 mg/l.

(e) Effluent limitations for contaminated runoff. The following effluent limitations constitute the quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph and attributable to contaminated runoff, which may be discharged after the application of the best practicable control technology currently available by a point source subject to this subpart.

(1) If wastewater consists solely of contaminated runoff and is not commingled or treated with process wastewater, it may be discharged if it does not exceed 15 mg/l oil and grease and 110 mg/l total organic carbon (TOC) based upon an analysis of any single grab or composite sample.

(2) If contaminated runoff is commingled or treated with process wastewater, or if wastewater consisting solely of contaminated runoff which exceeds 15 mg/l oil and grease or 110 mg/l TOC is not commingled or treated with any other type of wastewater, the quantity of pollutants discharged shall not exceed the quantity determined by multiplying the flow of contaminated runoff as determined by the permit writer times the concentrations listed in the following table:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBPT effluent limitations for contaminated runoff
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of flow)
BOD548.26.
TSS33.21.
COD1360.180.
Oil and grease15.8.
Phenolic compounds (4AAP)0.350.17
Total chromium0.730.43
Hexavalent chromium0.0620.028
pH(2)(2)
English units (pounds per 1,000 gallons of flow)
BOD50.400.22
TSS0.280.18
COD13.01.5
Oil and grease0.130.067
Phenolic compounds (4AAP)0.00290.0014
Total chromium0.00600.0035
Hexavalent chromium0.000520.00023
pH(2)(2)

1In any case in which the applicant can demonstrate that the chloride ion concentration in the effluent exceeds 1,000 mg/l (1,000 ppm), the permitting authority may substitute TOC as a parameter in lieu of COD. A TOC effluent limitation shall be based on effluent data from the particular refinery which correlates TOC to BOD5. If in the judgment of the permitting authority, adequate correlation data are not available, the effluent limitations for TOC shall be established at a ratio of 2.2 to 1 to the applicable effluent limitations for BOD5.

2Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0.

[47 FR 46446, Oct. 18, 1982, as amended at 50 FR 28522, 28523, July 12, 1985; 50 FR 32414, Aug. 12, 1985]

§419.23   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBAT Effluent limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of feedstock)
COD1210109
Ammonia as N18.88.5
Sulfide0.180.082
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl of feedstock)
COD174.038.4
Ammonia as N6.63.0
Sulfide0.0650.029

1See footnote following table in §419.13(d).

(b) The limits set forth in paragraph (a) of this section are to be multiplied by the following factors to calculate the maximum for any one day and maximum average of daily values for thirty consecutive days.

(1) Size factor.

1,000 bbl of feedstock per stream daySize factor
Less than 24.90.91
25.0 to 49.90.95
50.0 to 74.91.04
75.0 to 99.91.13
100.0 to 124.91.23
125.0 to 149.91.35
150.0 or greater1.41

(2) Process factor.

Process configurationProcess factor
Less than 2.490.58
2.5 to 3.490.63
3.5 to 4.490.74
4.5 to 5.490.88
5.5 to 5.991.00
6.0 to 6.491.09
6.5 to 6.991.19
7.0 to 7.491.29
7.5 to 7.991.41
8.0 to 8.491.53
8.5 to 8.991.67
9.0 to 9.491.82
9.5 or greater1.89

(3) See the comprehensive example in subpart D, §419.42(b)(3).

(c)(1) In addition to the provisions contained above pertaining to COD, ammonia and sulfide, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT):

(i) For each of the regulated pollutant parameters listed below, the effluent limitation for a given refinery is the sum of the products of each effluent limitation factor times the applicable process feedstock rate, calculated as provided in 40 CFR 122.45(b). Applicable production processes are presented in appendix A, by process type. The process identification numbers presented in this appendix A are for the convenience of the reader. They can be cross-referenced in the Development Document for Effluent Limitations Guidelines, New Source Performance Standards, and Pretreatment Standards for the Petroleum Refining Point Source Category (EPA 440/1-82/014), Table III-7, pp. 49-54.

Pollutant or pollutant property and process typeBAT effluent limitation factor
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 cubic meters of feedstock)
Phenolic compounds (4AAP):
Crude0.0370.009
Cracking and coking0.4190.102
Asphalt0.2260.055
Lube1.0550.257
Reforming and alkylation0.3770.092
Total chromium:
Crude0.0300.011
Cracking and coking0.3400.118
Asphalt0.1830.064
Lube0.8550.297
Reforming and alkylation0.3050.106
Hexavalent chromium:
Crude0.00190.0009
Cracking and coking0.02180.0098
Asphalt0.01170.0053
Lube0.05490.0248
Reforming and alkylation0.01960.0088
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl of feedstock)
Phenolic compounds (4AAP):
Crude0.0130.003
Cracking and coking0.1470.036
Asphalt0.0790.019
Lube0.3690.090
Reforming and alkylation0.1320.032
Total chromium:
Crude0.0110.004
Cracking and coking0.1190.041
Asphalt0.0640.022
Lube0.2990.104
Reforming and alkylation0.1070.037
Hexavalent chromium:
Crude0.00070.0003
Cracking and coking0.00760.0034
Asphalt0.00410.0019
Lube0.01920.0087
Reforming and alkylation0.00690.0031

(2) See the comprehensive example in subpart D, §419.43(c)(2).

(d) The provisions of §419.13(d) apply to discharges of process wastewater pollutants attributable to ballast water by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart.

(e) The quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph, attributable to once-through cooling water, are excluded from the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section. Once-through cooling water may be discharged with a total organic carbon concentration not to exceed 5 mg/l.

(f) Effluent limitations for contaminated runoff. The following effluent limitations constitute the quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph and attributable to contaminated runoff, which may be discharged after the application of the best available technology economically achievable by a point source subject to this subpart.

(1) If wastewater consists solely of contaminated runoff and is not commingled or treated with process wastewater, it may be discharged if it does not exceed 110 mg/l total organic carbon (TOC) based upon an analysis of any single grab or composite sample.

(2) If contaminated runoff is commingled or treated with process wastewater, or if wastewater consisting solely of contaminated runoff which exceeds 110 mg/l TOC is not commingled or treated with any other type of wastewater, the quantity of pollutants discharged shall not exceed the quantity determined by multiplying the flow of contaminated runoff as determined by the permit writer times the concentrations listed in the following table:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBAT effluent limitations for contaminated runoff
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of flow)
Phenolic compounds (4AAP)0.350.17
Total chromium0.600.21
Hexavalent chromium0.0620.028
COD1360.180.
English units (pounds per 1,000 gallons of flow)
Phenolic compounds (4AAP)0.00290.0014
Total chromium0.00500.0018
Hexavalent chromium0.000520.00023
COD13.01.5

1In any case in which the applicant can demonstrate that the chloride ion concentration in the effluent exceeds 1,000 mg/l (1,000 ppm), the permitting authority may substitute TOC as a parameter in lieu of COD. A TOC effluent limitation shall be based on effluent data from the particular refinery which correlates TOC to BOD5. If in the judgement of the permitting authority, adequate correlation data are not available, the effluent limitations for TOC shall be established at a ratio of 2.2 to 1 to the applicable effluent limitations for BOD5

[47 FR 46446, Oct. 18, 1982, as amended at 50 FR 28523, July 12, 1985; 50 FR 32414, Aug. 12, 1985]

§419.24   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

(a) Any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology (BCT):

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBCT effluent limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 (m3 of feedstock)
BOD528.215.6
TSS19.512.6
Oil and grease8.44.5
pH(1)(1)
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl of feedstock)
BOD59.95.5
TSS6.94.4
Oil and grease3.01.6
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0.

(b) The limits set forth in paragraph (a) of this section are to be multiplied by the following factors to calculate the maximum for any one day and maximum average of daily values for thirty consecutive days.

(1) Size factor.

1,000 bbl of feedstock per stream daySize factor
Less than 24.90.91
25.0 to 49.90.95
50.0 to 74.91.04
75.0 to 99.91.13
100.0 to 124.91.23
125.0 to 149.91.35
150.0 or greater1.41

(2) Process factor.

Process configurationProcess factor
Less than 2.490.58
2.5 to 3.490.63
3.5 to 4.490.74
4.5 to 5.490.88
5.5 to 5.991.00
6.0 to 6.491.09
6.5 to 6.991.19
7.0 to 7.491.29
7.5 to 7.991.41
8.0 to 8.491.53
8.5 to 8.991.67
9.0 to 9.491.82
9.5 or greater1.89

(3) See the comprehensive example in subpart D, §419.42(b)(3).

(c) The provisions of §419.14(c) apply to discharge of process wastewater pollutants attributable to ballast water by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart.

(d) The quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph, attributable to once-through cooling water, are excluded from the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section.

(e) Effluent limitations for contaminated runoff. The following effluent limitations constitute the quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph and attributable to contaminated runoff which may be discharged after the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology by a point source subject to this subpart.

(1) If wastewater consists solely of contaminated runoff and is not commingled or treated with process wastewater, it may be discharged if it does not exceed 15 mg/l oil and grease based upon an analysis of any single grab or composite sample.

(2) If contaminated runoff is commingled or treated with process wastewater, or if wastewater consisting solely of contaminated runoff which exceeds 15 mg/l oil and grease is not commingled or treated with any other type of wastewater, the quantity of pollutants discharged shall not exceed the quantity determined by multiplying the flow of contaminated runoff as determined by the permit writer times the concentrations listed in the following table:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBCT effluent limitations for contaminated runoff
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of flow)
BOD54826
TSS3321
Oil and grease158
pH(1)(1)
English units (pounds per 1,000 gallons of flow)
BOD50.400.22
TSS0.280.18
Oil and grease0.130.067
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0.

[50 FR 28525, July 12, 1985; 50 FR 32414, Aug. 12, 1985]

§419.25   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7 and 403.13 any existing source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). The following standards apply to the total refinery flow contribution to the POTW:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyPretreatment standards for new sources—maximum for any 1 day
Milligrams per liter (mg/l)
Oil and grease100
Ammonia1100

1Where the discharge to the POTW consists solely of sour waters, the owner or operator has the option of complying with this limit or the daily maximum mass limitation for ammonia set forth in §419.23 (a) and (b).

§419.26   Standards of performance for new sources (NSPS).

(a) Any new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following new source performance standards (NSPS):

Pollutant or pollutant propertyNSPS effluent limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of feedstock)
BOD516.38.7
TSS11.37.2
COD1118.061
oil and grease4.82.6
Phenolic compounds0.1190.058
Ammonia (as N)18.88.6
Sulfide0.1050.048
Total chromium0.240.14
Hexavalent chromium0.0200.0088
pH(2)(2)
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl of feedstock)
BOD55.83.1
TSS4.02.5
COD141.521
Oil and grease1.70.93
Phenolic compounds0.0420.020
Ammonia (as N)6.63.0
Sulfide0.0370.017
Total chromium0.0840.049
Hexavalent chromium0.00720.0032
pH(2)(2)

1See footnote following table in §419.13(d).

2Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

(b) The limits set forth in paragraph (a) of this section are to be multiplied by the following factors to calculate the maximum for any 1 day and maximum average of daily values for 30 consecutive days.

(1) Size Factor.

1,000 bbl of feedstock per stream daySize factor
Less than 24.90.91
25.0 to 49.90.95
50.0 to 74.91.04
75.0 to 99.91.13
100.0 to 124.91.23
125.0 to 149.91.35
150.0 or greater1.41

(2) Process factor.

Process configurationProcess factor
Less than 2.490.58
2.5 to 3.490.63
3.5 to 4.490.74
4.5 to 5.490.88
5.5 to 5.991.00
6.0 to 6.491.09
6.5 to 6.991.19
7.0 to 7.491.29
7.5 to 7.991.41
8.0 to 8.491.53
8.5 to 8.991.67
9.0 to 9.491.82
9.5 or greater1.89

(3) See the comprehensive example in subpart D, §419.42(b)(3).

(c) The provisions of §419.16(c) apply to discharges of process wastewater pollutants attributable to ballast water by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart.

(d) The quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph, attributable to once-through cooling water, are excluded from the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section. Once-through cooling water may be discharged with a total organic carbon concentration not to exceed 5 mg/l.

(e) Effluent limitation for runoff. [Reserved]

[47 FR 46446, Oct. 18, 1982, as amended at 50 FR 28523, July 12, 1985; 50 FR 32414, Aug. 12, 1985]

§419.27   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7, any new source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

(a) The following standards apply to the total refinery flow contribution to the POTW.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyPretreatment standards for new sources—maximum for any 1 day
Milligrams per liter (mg/l)
Oil and grease100
Ammonia (as N)1100

1Where the discharge to the POTW consists solely of sour waters, the owner or operator has the option of complying with this limit or the daily maximum mass limitation for ammonia set forth in §419.26(a) and (b).

(b) The following standard is applied to the cooling tower discharge part of the total refinery flow to the POTW by multiplying: (1) The standard; (2) by the total refinery flow to the POTW; and (3) by the ratio of the cooling tower discharge flow to the total refinery flow.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyPretreatment standards for new sources—maximum for any 1 day
Milligrams per liter (mg/l)
Total chromium1

Subpart C—Petrochemical Subcategory

§419.30   Applicability; description of the petrochemical subcategory.

The provisions of this subpart are applicable to all discharges from any facility that produces petroleum products by the use of topping, cracking, and petrochemical operations whether or not the facility includes any process in addition to topping, cracking, and petrochemical operations. The provisions of this subpart shall not be applicable, however, to facilities that include the processes specified in subpart D or E of this part.

§419.31   Specialized definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart:

(a) The general definitions, abbreviations, and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter and the specialized definitions set forth in §419.11 shall apply.

(b) The term petrochemical operations shall mean the production of second-generation petrochemicals (i.e., alcohols, ketones, cumene, styrene, etc.) or first generation petrochemicals and isomerization products (i.e., BTX, olefins, cyclohexane, etc.) when 15 percent or more of refinery production is as first-generation petrochemicals and isomerization products.

§419.32   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available.

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT):

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBPT Effluent limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of feedstock)
BOD534.618.4
TSS23.414.8
COD1210.0109.0
Oil and grease11.15.9
Phenolic compound0.250.120
Ammonia as N23.410.6
Sulfide0.220.099
Total chromium0.520.30
Hexavalent chromium0.0460.020
pH(2)(2)
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl of feedstock)
BOD512.16.5
TSS8.35.25
COD174.038.4
Oil and grease3.92.1
Phenolic compounds0.0880.0425
Ammonia as N8.253.8
Sufide0.0780.035
Total chromium0.1830.107
Hexavalent chromium0.0160.0072
pH(2)(2)

1See footnote following table in §419.13(d).

2Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0.

(b) The limits set forth in paragraph (a) of this section are to be multiplied by the following factors to calculate the maximum for any one day and maximum average of daily values for thirty consecutive days.

(1) Size factor.

1,000 barrels of feedstock per stream daySize factor
Less than 24.90.73
25.0 to 49.90.76
50.0 to 74.90.83
75.0 to 99.90.91
100.0 to 124.90.99
125.0 to 149.91.08
150.0 or greater1.13

(2) Process factor.

Process configurationProcess factor
Less than 4.490.73
4.5 to 5.490.80
5.5 to 5.990.91
6.0 to 6.490.99
6.5 to 6.991.08
7.0 to 7.491.17
7.5 to 7.991.28
8.0 to 8.491.39
8.5 to 8.991.51
9.0 to 9.491.65
9.5 or greater1.72

(3) See the comprehensive example in subpart D, §419.42(b)(3).

(c) The provisions of §419.12(c) apply to discharges of process wastewater pollutants attributable to ballast water by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart.

(d) The quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph, attributable to once-through cooling water, are excluded from the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section. Once-through cooling water may be discharged with a total organic carbon concentration not to exceed 5 mg/l.

(e) Effluent limitations for contaminated runoff. The following effluent limitations constitute the quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph and attributable to contaminated runoff, which may be discharged after the application of the best practicable control technology currently available by a point source subject to this subpart.

(1) If wastewater consists solely of contaminated runoff and is not commingled or treated with process wastewater, it may be discharged if it does not exceed 15 mg/l oil and grease and 110 mg/l total organic carbon (TOC) based upon an analysis of any single grab or composite sample.

(2) If contaminated runoff is commingled or treated with process wastewater, or if wastewater consisting solely of contaminated runoff which exceeds 15 mg/l oil and grease or 110 mg/l TOC is not commingled or treated with any other type of wastewater, the quantity of pollutants discharged shall not exceed the quantity determined by multiplying the flow of contaminated runoff as determined by the permit writer times the concentrations listed in the following table:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBPT effluent limitations for contaminated runoff
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of flow)
BOD548.26.
TSS33.21.
COD1360.180.
Oil and grease15.8.
Phenolic compounds (4AAP)0.350.17
Total chromium0.730.43
Hexavalent chromium0.0620.028
pH(2)(2)
English units (pounds per 1,000 gallons of flow)
BOD50.400.22
TSS0.280.18
COD13.01.5
Oil and grease0.130.067
Phenolic compounds (4AAP)0.00290.0014
Total chromium0.00600.0035
Hexavalent chromium0.000520.00023
pH(2)(2)

1In any case in which the applicant can demonstrate that the chloride ion concentration in the effluent exceeds 1,000 mg/l (1,000 ppm), the permitting authority may substitute TOC as a parameter in lieu of COD. A TOC effluent limitation shall be based on effluent data from the particular refinery which correlates TOC to BOD5. If in the judgment of the permitting authority, adequate correlation data are not available, the effluent limitations for TOC shall be established at a ratio of 2.2 to 1 to the applicable effluent limitations for BOD5.

2Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0.

[47 FR 46446, Oct. 18, 1982, as amended at 50 FR 28522, 28523, July 12, 1985; 50 FR 32414, Aug. 12, 1985]

§419.33   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available techology economically achievable (BAT):

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBAT Effluent Limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of feedstock)
COD1210.0109.0
Ammonia as N23.410.6
Sulfide0.220.099
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl of feedstock)
COD174.038.4
Ammonia as N8.253.8
Sulfide0.0780.035

1See footnote following table in §419.13(d).

(b) The limits set forth in paragraph (a) of this section are to be multiplied by the following factors to calculate the maximum for any one day and maximum average of daily values for thirty consecutive days.

(1) Size factor.

1,000 bbl of feedstock per stream daySize factor
Less than 24.90.73
25.0 to 49.90.76
50.0 to 74.90.83
75.0 to 99.90.91
100.0 to 124.90.99
125.0 to 149.91.08
150.0 or greater1.13

(2) Process factor.

Process configurationProcess factor
Less than 4.490.73
4.5 to 5.490.80
5.5 to 5.990.91
6.0 to 6.490.99
6.5 to 6.991.08
7.0 to 7.491.17
7.5 to 7.991.28
8.0 to 8.491.39
8.5 to 8.991.51
9.0 to 9.491.65
9.5 or greater1.72

(3) See the comprehensive example in subpart D, §419.42(b)(3).

(c)(1) In addition to the provisions contained above pertaining to COD, ammonia and sulfide, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT):

(i) For each of the regulated pollutant parameters listed below, the effluent limitation for a given refinery is the sum of the products of each effluent limitation factor times the applicable process feedstock rate, calculated as provided in 40 CFR 122.45(b). Applicable production processes are presented in appendix A, by process type. The process identification numbers presented in this appendix A are for the convenience of the reader. They can be cross-referenced in the Development Document for Effluent Limitations Guidelines, New Source Performance Standards, and Pretreatment Standards for the Petroleum Refining Point Source Category (EPA 440/1-82/014), Table III-7, pp. 49-54.

Pollutant or pollutant property and process typeBAT effluent limitation factor
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 cubic meters of feedstock)
Phenolic compounds (4AAP):
Crude0.0370.009
Cracking and coking0.4190.102
Asphalt0.2260.055
Lube1.0550.257
Reforming and alkylation0.3770.092
Total chromium:
Crude0.0300.011
Cracking and coking0.3400.118
Asphalt0.1830.064
Lube0.8550.297
Reforming and alkylation0.3050.106
Hexavalent chromium:
Crude0.00190.0009
Cracking and coking0.02180.0098
Asphalt0.01170.0053
Lube0.05490.0248
Reforming and alkylation0.01960.0088
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl of feedstock)
Phenolic compounds (4AAP):
Crude0.0130.003
Cracking and coking0.1470.036
Asphalt0.0790.019
Lube0.3690.090
Reforming and alkylation0.1320.032
Total chromium:
Crude0.0110.004
Cracking and coking0.1190.041
Asphalt0.0640.022
Lube0.2990.104
Reforming and alkylation0.1070.037
Hexavalent chromium:
Crude0.00070.0003
Cracking and coking0.00760.0034
Asphalt0.00410.0019
Lube0.01920.0087
Reforming and alkylation0.00690.0031

(2) See the comprehensive example in subpart D, §419.43(c)(2).

(d) The provisions of §419.13(d) apply to discharges of process wastewater pollutants attributable to ballast water by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart.

(e) The quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph, attributable to once-through cooling water, are excluded from the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section. Once-through cooling water may be discharged with a total organic carbon concentration not to exceed 5 mg/l.

(f) Effluent limitations for contaminated runoff. The following effluent limitations constitute the quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph and attributable to contaminated runoff, which may be discharged after the application of the best available technology economically achievable by a point source subject to this subpart.

(1) If wastewater consists solely of contaminated runoff and is not commingled or treated with process wastewater, it may be discharged if it does not exceed 110 mg/l total organic carbon (TOC) based upon an analysis of any single grab or composite sample.

(2) If contaminated runoff is commingled or treated with process wastewater, or if wastewater consisting solely of contaminated runoff which exceeds 110 mg/l TOC is not commingled or treated with any other type of wastewater, the quantity of pollutants discharged shall not exceed the quantity determined by multiplying the flow of contaminated runoff as determined by the permit writer times the concentrations listed in the following table:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBAT effluent limitations for contaminated runoff
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of flow)
Phenolic compounds (4AAP)0.350.17
Total chromium0.600.21
Hexavalent chromium0.0620.028
COD1360.180.
English units (pounds per 1,000 gallons of flow)
Phenolic compounds (4AAP)0.00290.0014
Total chromium0.00500.0018
Hexavalent chromium0.000520.00023
COD13.01.5

1In any case in which the applicant can demonstrate that the chloride ion concentration in the effluent exceeds 1,000 mg/l (1,000 ppm), the permitting authority may substitute TOC as a parameter in lieu of COD. A TOC effluent limitation shall be based on effluent data from the particular refinery which correlates TOC to BOD5. If in the judgement of the permitting authority, adequate correlation data are not available, the effluent limitations for TOC shall be established at a ratio of 2.2 to 1 to the applicable effluent limitations for BOD5

[47 FR 46446, Oct. 18, 1982, as amended at 50 FR 28523, July 12, 1985; 50 FR 32414, Aug. 12, 1985]

§419.34   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

(a) Any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology (BCT):

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBCT effluent limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of feedstock)
BOD534.618.4
TSS23.414.8
Oil and grease11.15.9
pH(1)(1)
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl of feedstock)
BOD512.16.5
TSS8.35.25
Oil and grease3.92.1
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0.

(b) The limits set forth in paragraph (a) of this section are to be multiplied by the following factors to calculate the maximum for any one day and maximum average of daily values for thirty consecutive days.

(1) Size factor.

1,000 bbl of feedstock per stream daySize factor
Less than 24.90.73
25.0 to 49.90.76
50.0 to 74.90.83
75.0 to 99.90.91
100.0 to 124.90.99
125.0 to 149.91.08
150.0 or greater1.13

(2) Process factor.

Process configurationProcess factor
Less than 4.490.73
4.5 to 5.490.80
5.5 to 5.990.91
6.0 to 6.490.99
6.5 to 6.991.08
7.0 to 7.491.17
7.5 to 7.991.28
8.0 to 8.491.39
8.5 to 8.991.51
9.0 to 9.491.65
9.5 or greater1.72

(3) See the comprehensive example in subpart D, §419.42(b)(3).

(c) The provisions of §419.14(c) apply to discharges of process wastewater pollutants attributable to ballast water by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart.

(d) The quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph, attributable to once-through cooling water, are excluded from the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section.

(e) Effluent limitations for contaminated runoff. The following effluent limitations constitute the quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph and attributable to contaminated runoff which may be discharged after the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology by a point source subject to this subpart.

(1) If wastewater consists solely of contaminated runoff and is not commingled or treated with process wastewater, it may be discharged if it does not exceed 15 mg/l oil and grease based upon an analysis of any single grab or composite sample.

(2) If contaminated runoff is commingled or treated with process wastewater, or if wastewater consisting solely of contaminated runoff which exceeds 15 mg/l oil and grease is not commingled or treated with any other type of wastewater, the quantity of pollutants discharged shall not exceed the quantity determined by multiplying the flow of contaminated runoff as determined by the permit writer times the concentrations listed in the following table:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBCT effluent limitations for contaminated runoff
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of flow)
BOD548.26.
TSS33.21.
Oil and grease15.8.
pH(1)(1)
English units (pounds per 1,000 gallons of flow)
BOD50.400.22
TSS0.280.18
Oil and grease0.130.067
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0.

[50 FR 28526, July 12, 1985]

§419.35   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7 and 403.13 any existing source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). The following standards apply to the total refinery flow contribution to the POTW:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyPretreatment standards maximum for any 1 day
(Milligrams per liter (mg/l))
Oil and grease100
Ammonia (as N)1100

1Where the discharge to the POTW consists solely of sour waters, the owner or operator has the option of complying with this limit or the daily maximum mass limitation for ammonia set forth in §419.33 (a) and (b).

§419.36   Standards of performance for new sources (NSPS).

(a) Any new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following new source performance standards (NSPS):

Pollutant or pollutant propertyNSPS Effluent Limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of feedstock)
BOD521.811.6
TSS14.99.5
COD1133.069.0
Oil and grease6.63.5
Phenolic compounds0.158.077
Ammonia as N23.410.7
Sulfide0.1400.063
Total chromium0.320.19
Hexavalent chromium0.0250.012
pH(2)(2)
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl of feedstock)
BOD57.74.1
TSS5.23.3
COD147.024.0
Oil and grease2.41.3
Phenolic compounds0.0560.027
Ammonia as N8.33.8
Sulfide0.0500.022
Total chromium0.1160.068
Hexavalent chromium0.00960.0044
pH(2)(2)

1See footnote following table in §419.13(d).

2Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0.

(b) The limits set forth in paragraph (a) of this section are to be multiplied by the following factors to calculate the maximum for any one day and maximum average of daily values for thirty consecutive days.

(1) Size factor.

1,000 bbl of feedstock per stream daySize factor
Less than 24.90.73
25.0 to 49.90.76
50.0 to 74.90.83
75.0 to 99.90.91
100.0 to 124.90.99
125.0 to 149.91.08
150.0 or greater1.13

(2) Process factor.

Process configurationProcess factor
Less than 4.490.73
4.5 to 5.490.80
5.5 to 5.990.91
6.0 to 6.490.99
6.5 to 6.991.08
7.0 to 7.491.17
7.5 to 7.991.28
8.0 to 8.491.39
8.5 to 8.991.51
9.0 to 9.491.65
9.5 or greater1.72

(3) See the comprehensive example in subpart D, §419.42(b)(3).

(c) The provisions of §419.16(c) apply to discharges of process wastewater pollutants attributable to ballast water by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart.

(d) The quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph, attributable to once-through cooling water, are excluded from the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section. Once-through cooling water may be discharged with a total organic carbon concentration not to exceed 5 mg/l.

(e) Effluent Limitations for Runoff. [Reserved]

[47 FR 46446, Oct. 18, 1982, as amended at 50 FR 28523, July 12, 1985; 50 FR 32414, Aug. 12, 1985]

§419.37   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7, any new source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

(a) The following standards apply to the total refinery flow contribution to the POTW:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyPretreatment standards for new sources maximum for any 1 day
Milligrams per liter (mg/l)
Oil and grease100
Ammonia (as N)1100

1Where the discharge to the POTW consists solely of sour waters, the owner or operator has the option of complying with this limit or the daily maximum mass limitation for ammonia set forth in §419.36 (a) and (b).

(b) The following standard is applied to the cooling tower discharge part of the total refinery flow to the POTW by multiplying: (1) The standard; (2) by the total refinery flow to the POTW; and (3) by the ratio of the cooling tower discharge flow to the total refinery flow.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyPretreatment standards for new sources maximum for any 1 day
Miligrams per liter (mg/l)
Total chromium1

Subpart D—Lube Subcategory

§419.40   Applicability; description of the lube subcategory.

The provisions of this subpart are applicable to all discharges from any facility that produces petroleum products by the use of topping, cracking, and lube oil manufacturing processes, whether or not the facility includes any process in addition to topping, cracking, and lube oil manufacturing processes. The provisions of this subpart are not applicable, however, to facilities that include the processes specified in subparts C and E of this part.

§419.41   Specialized definitions.

The general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter and the specialized definitions set forth in §419.11 shall apply to this subpart.

§419.42   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT):

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBPT effluent limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of feedstock)
BOD550.625.8
TSS35.622.7
COD1360.0187.0
Oil and grease16.28.5
Phenolic compounds0.380.184
Ammonia as N23.410.6
Sulfide0.330.150
Total chromium0.770.45
Hexavalent chromium0.0680.030
pH(2)(2)
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl of feedstock)
BOD517.99.1
TSS12.58.0
COD1127.066.0
Oil and grease5.73.0
Phenolic compounds0.1330.065
Ammonia as N8.33.8
Sulfide0.1180.053
Total chromium0.2730.160
Hexavalent chromium0.0240.011
pH(2)(2)

1See footnote following table in §419.13(d).

2Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0.

(b) The limits set forth in paragraph (a) of this section are to be multiplied by the following factors to calculate the maximum for any one day and maximum average of daily values for thirty consecutive days.

(1) Size factor.

1,000 bbl of feedstock per stream daySize factor
Less than 49.90.71
50.0 to 74.90.74
75.0 to 99.90.81
100.0 to 124.90.88
125.0 to 149.90.97
150.0 to 174.91.05
175.0 to 199.91.14
200.0 or greater1.19

(2) Process factor.

Process configurationProcess factor
Less than 6.490.81
6.5 to 7.490.88
7.5 to 7.991.00
8.0 to 8.491.09
8.5 to 8.991.19
9.0 to 9.491.29
9.5 to 9.991.41
10.0 to 10.491.53
10.5 to 10.991.67
11.0 to 11.491.82
11.5 to 11.991.98
12.0 to 12.492.15
12.5 to 12.992.34
13.0 or greater2.44

(3) Example of the application of the above factors. Example—Lube refinery 125, 000 bbl per stream day throughput.

Calculation of the Process Configuration

Process categoryProcess includedWeighting factor
CrudeAtm crude distillation
Vacuum, crude distillation
Desalting
1
Cracking and cokingFluid cat. cracking
Vis-breaking
Thermal cracking
Moving bed cat. cracking
Hydrocracking
Fluid coking
Delayed coking
6
LubeFurther defined in the development document13
AsphaltAsphalt production
Asphalt oxidation
Asphalt emulsifying
12
ProcessCapacity (1,000 bbl per stream day)Capacity relative to throughputWeighting FactorProcessing configuration
Crude:
Atm125.01.0
Vacuum60.00.48
Desalting125.01.0
   Total2.48×1=2.48
Cracking-FCC41.00.328
Hydrocracking20.00.160
   Total0.488×6=2.93
Lubes5.30.042
   4.00.032
   4.90.039
   Total0.113×13=1.47
Asphalt4.00.032×12= .38
Refinery process configuration=7.26

Notes:

See table §419.42(b)(2) for process factor. Process factor=0.88.

See table §419.42(b)(1) for size factor for 125,000 bbl per stream day lube refinery. Size factor=0.97.

To calculate the limits for each parameter, multiply the limit §419.42(a) by both the process factor and size factor. BOD5 limit (maximum for any 1 day)=17.9×0.88×0.97=15.3 lb. per 1,000 bbl of feedstock.

(c) The provisions of §419.12(c) apply to discharges of process wastewater pollutants attributable to ballast water by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart.

(d) The quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph, attributable to once-through cooling water, are excluded from the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section. Once-through cooling water may be discharged with a total organic carbon concentration not to exceed 5 mg/l.

(e) Effluent limitations for contaminated runoff. The following effluent limitations constitute the quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph and attributable to contaminated runoff, which may be discharged after the application of the best practicable control technology currently available by a point source subject to this subpart.

(1) If wastewater consists solely of contaminated runoff and is not commingled or treated with process wastewater, it may be discharged if it does not exceed 15 mg/l oil and grease and 110 mg/l total organic carbon (TOC) based upon an analysis of any single grab or composite sample.

(2) If contaminated runoff is commingled or treated with process wastewater, or if wastewater consisting solely of contaminated runoff which exceeds 15 mg/l oil and grease or 110 mg/l TOC is not commingled or treated with any other type of wastewater, the quantity of pollutants discharged shall not exceed the quantity determined by multiplying the flow of contaminated runoff as determined by the permit writer times the concentrations listed in the following table:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBPT effluent limitations for contaminated runoff
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of flow)
BOD548.26.
TSS33.21.
COD1360.180.
Oil and grease15.8.
Phenolic compounds (4AAP)0.350.17
Total chromium0.730.43
Hexavalent chromium0.0620.028
pH(2)(2)
English units (pounds per 1,000 gallons of flow)
BOD50.400.22
TSS0.280.18
COD13.01.5
Oil and grease0.130.067
Phenolic compounds (4AAP)0.00290.0014
Total chromium0.00600.0035
Hexavalent chromium0.000520.00023
pH(2)(2)

1In any case in which the applicant can demonstrate that the chloride ion concentration in the effluent exceeds 1,000 mg/l (1,000 ppm), the permitting authority may substitute TOC as a parameter in lieu of COD. A TOC effluent limitation shall be based on effluent data from the particular refinery which correlates TOC to BOD5. If in the judgment of the permitting authority, adequate correlation data are not available, the effluent limitations for TOC shall be established at a ratio of 2.2 to 1 to the applicable effluent limitations for BOD5.

2Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0.

[47 FR 46446, Oct. 18, 1982, as amended at 50 FR 28522, 28523, July 12, 1985; 50 FR 32414, Aug. 12, 1985]

§419.43   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT):

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBAT effluent limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per
COD1360.0187.0
Ammonia as N23.410.6
Sulfide0.330.150
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl of feedstock)
COD1127.066.0
Ammonia as N8.33.8
Sulfide0.1180.053

1See footnote following table in §419.13(d).

(b) The limits set forth in paragraph (a) of this section are to be multiplied by the following factors to calculate the maximum for any one day and maximum average of daily values for thirty consecutive days.

(1) Size factor.

1,000 bbl of feedstock per stream daySize factor
Less than 49.90.71
50.0 to 74.90.74
75.0 to 99.90.81
100.0 to 124.90.88
125.0 to 149.90.97
150.0 to 174.91.05
175.0 to 199.91.14
200.0 or greater1.19

(2) Process factor.

Process configurationProcess factor
Less than 6.490.81
6.5 to 7.490.88
7.5 to 7.991.00
8.0 to 8.491.09
8.5 to 8.991.19
9.0 to 9.491.29
9.5 to 9.991.41
10.0 to 10.491.53
10.5 to 10.991.67
11.0 to 11.491.82
11.5 to 11.991.98
12.0 to 12.492.15
12.5 to 12.992.34
13.0 or greater2.44

(3) See the comprehensive example in subpart D, §419.42(b)(3).

(c)(1) In addition to the provisions contained above pertaining to COD, ammonia and sulfide, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT):

(i) For each of the regulated pollutant parameters listed below, the effluent limitation for a given refinery is the sum of the products of each effluent limitation factor times the applicable process feedstock rate, calculated as provided in 40 CFR 122.45(b). Applicable production processes are presented in appendix A, by process type. The process identification numbers presented in this appendix A are for the convenience of the reader. They can be cross-referenced in the Development Document for Effluent Limitations Guidelines, New Source Performance Standards, and Pretreatment Standards for the Petroleum Refining Point Source Category (EPA 440/1-82/014), Table III-7, pp. 49-54.

Pollutant or pollutant property and process typeBAT effluent limitation factor
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of feedstock)
Phenolic compounds (4AAP):
Crude0.0370.009
Cracking and coking0.4190.102
Asphalt0.2260.055
Lube1.0550.257
Reforming and alkylation0.3770.092
Total chromium:
Crude0.0300.011
Cracking and coking0.3400.118
Asphalt0.1830.064
Lube0.8550.297
Reforming and alkylation0.3050.106
Hexavalent chromium:
Crude0.00190.0009
Cracking and coking0.02180.0098
Asphalt0.01170.0053
Lube0.05490.0248
Reforming and alkylation0.01960.0088
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl of feedstock)
Phenolic compounds (4AAP):
Crude0.0130.003
Cracking and coking0.1470.036
Asphalt0.0790.019
Lube0.3690.090
Reforming and alkylation0.1320.032
Total chromium:
Crude0.0110.004
Cracking and coking0.1190.041
Asphalt0.0640.022
Lube0.2990.104
Reforming and alkylation0.1070.037
Hexavalent chromium:
Crude0.00070.0003
Cracking and coking0.00760.0034
Asphalt0.00410.0019
Lube0.01920.0087
Reforming and alkylation0.00690.0031

(2) Example Application of Effluent Limitations Guidelines as Applicable to Phenolic Compounds, Hexavalent Chromium, and Total Chromium.

The following example presents the derivation of a BAT phenolic compound (4AAP) effluent limitation (30-day average) for a petroleum refinery permit. The methodology is also applicable to hexavalent chromium and total chromium.

Refinery processProcess feedstock rate 1,000 bbl/day
1. Atmospheric crude distillation100
2. Crude desalting50
3. Vacuum crude distillation75
Total crude processes (C)225
6. Fluid catalytic cracking25
10. Hydrocracking20
Total cracking and coking processes (K)45
18. Asphalt production5
Total asphalt processes (A)5
21. Hydrofining3
Total lube processes (L)3
8. Catalytic reforming10
Total reforming and alkylation processes (R)10

Note: 30 day average effluent limitation for phenolic compounds (4AAP), lb/day=(0.003) (225)+(0.036) (45)+(0.019) (5)+(0.090) (3)+(0.032) (10)=2.98 lb/day.

(d) The provisions of §419.13(d) apply to discharges of process wastewater pollutants attributable to ballast water by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart.

(e) The quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph, attributable to once-through cooling water, are excluded from the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section. Once-through cooling water may be discharged with a total organic carbon concentration not to exceed 5 mg/l.

(f) Effluent limitations for contaminated runoff. The following effluent limitations constitute the quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph and attributable to contaminated runoff, which may be discharged after the application of the best available technology economically achievable by a point source subject to this subpart.

(1) If wastewater consists solely of contaminated runoff and is not commingled or treated with process wastewater, it may be discharged if it does not exceed 110 mg/l total organic carbon (TOC) based upon an analysis of any single grab or composite sample.

(2) If contaminated runoff is commingled or treated with process wastewater, or if wastewater consisting solely of contaminated runoff which exceeds 110 mg/l TOC is not commingled or treated with any other type of wastewater, the quantity of pollutants discharged shall not exceed the quantity determined by multiplying the flow of contaminated runoff as determined by the permit writer times the concentrations listed in the following table:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBAT effluent limitations for contaminated runoff
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of flow)
Phenolic compounds (4AAP)0.350.17
Total chromium0.600.21
Hexavalent chromium0.0620.028
COD1360.180.
English units (pounds per 1,000 gallons of flow)
Phenolic compounds (4AAP)0.00290.0014
Total chromium0.00500.0018
Hexavalent chromium0.000520.00023
COD13.01.5

1In any case in which the applicant can demonstrate that the chloride ion concentration in the effluent exceeds 1,000 mg/l (1,000 ppm), the permitting authority may substitute TOC as a parameter in lieu of COD. A TOC effluent limitation shall be based on effluent data from the particular refinery which correlates TOC to BOD5. If in the judgement of the permitting authority, adequate correlation data are not available, the effluent limitations for TOC shall be established at a ratio of 2.2 to 1 to the applicable effluent limitations for BOD5

[47 FR 46446, Oct. 18, 1982, as amended at 50 FR 28523, 28524, July 12, 1985; 50 FR 32414, Aug. 12, 1985]

§419.44   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

(a) Any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology (BCT):

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBCT effluent limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of feedstock
BOD550.625.8
TSS35.622.7
Oil and Grease16.28.5
pH(1)(1)
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl of feedstock)
BOD517.99.1
TSS12.58.0
Oil and Grease5.73.0
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0.

(b) The limits set forth in paragraph (a) of this section are to be multiplied by the following factors to calculate the maximum for any one day and maximum average of daily values for thirty consecutive days.

(1) Size factor.

1,000 bbl of feedstock per stream daySize factor
Less than 49.90.71
50.0 to 74.90.74
75.0 to 99.90.81
100.0 to 124.90.88
125.0 to 149.90.97
150.0 to 174.91.05
175.0 to 199.91.14
200.0 or greater1.19

(2) Process factor.

Process configurationProcess factor
Less than 6.490.81
6.5 to 7.490.88
7.5 to 7.991.00
8.0 to 8.491.09
8.5 to 8.991.19
9.0 to 9.491.29
9.5 to 9.991.41
10.0 to 10.491.53
10.5 to 10.991.67
11.0 to 11.491.82
11.5 to 11.991.98
12.0 to 12.492.15
12.5 to 12.992.34
13.0 or greater2.44

(c) The provisions of §419.14(c) apply to discharges of process wastewater pollutants attributable to ballast water by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart.

(d) The quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph, attributable to once-through cooling water, are excluded from the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section.

(e) Effluent limitations for contaminated runoff. The following effluent limitations constitute the quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph and attributable to contaminated runoff which may be discharged after the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology by a point source subject to this subpart.

(1) If wastewater consists solely of contaminated runoff and is not commingled or treated with process wastewater, it may be discharged if it does not exceed 15 mg/l oil and grease based upon an analysis of any single grab or composite sample.

(2) If contaminated runoff is commingled or treated with process wastewater, or if wastewater consisting solely of contaminated runoff which exceeds 15 mg/l oil and grease is not commingled or treated with any other type of wastewater, the quantity of pollutants discharged shall not exceed the quantity determined by multiplying the flow of contaminated runoff as determined by the permit writer times the concentrations listed in the following table:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBCT effluent limitations for contaminated runoff
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric unit (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of flow)
BOD548.26.
TSS33.21.
Oil and grease15.8.
pH(1)(1)
English units (pounds per 1,000 gallons of flow)
BOD50.400.22
TSS0.280.18
Oil and grease0.130.067
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0.

[50 FR 28526, July 12, 1985]

§419.45   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7 and 403.13 any existing source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). The following standards apply to the total refinery flow contribution to the POTW:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyPretreatment standards for existing sources—maximum for any 1 day
Milligrams per liter (mg/l)
Oil and grease100
Ammonia (as N)1100

1Where the discharge to the POTW consists solely of sour waters, the owner or operator has the option of complying with this limit or the daily maximum mass limitation for ammonia set forth in §419.43 (a) and (b).

§419.46   Standards of performance for new sources (NSPS).

(a) Any new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following new source performance standards (NSPS):

Pollutant or pollutant propertyNSPS effluent limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of feedstock)
BOD534.618.4
TSS23.414.9
COD1245.0126.0
Oil and grease10.55.6
Phenolic compounds0.250.12
Ammonia as N23.410.7
Sulfide0.2200.10
Total chromium0.520.31
Hexavalent chromium0.0460.021
pH(2)(2)
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl of feedstock)
BOD112.26.5
TSS8.35.3
COD187.045.0
Oil and grease3.82.0
Phenolic compounds0.0880.043
Ammonia as N8.33.8
Sulfide0.0780.035
Total chromium0.1800.105
Hexavalent chromium0.0220.0072
pH(2)(2)

1See footnote following table in §419.13(d).

2Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

(b) The limits set forth in paragraph (a) of this section are to be multiplied by the following factors to calculate the maximum for any one day and maximum average of daily values for thirty consecutive days.

(1) Size factor.

1,000 bbl of feedstock per stream daySize factor
Less than 49.90.71
50.0 to 74.90.74
75.0 to 99.90.81
100.0 to 124.90.88
125.0 to 149.90.97
150.0 to 174.91.05
175.0 to 199.91.14
200.0 or greater1.19

(2) Process factor.

Process configurationProcess factor
Less than 6.490.81
6.5 to 7.490.88
7.5 to 7.991.00
8.0 to 8.491.09
8.5 to 8.991.19
9.0 to 9.491.29
9.5 to 9.991.41
10.0 to 10.491.53
10.5 to 10.991.67
11.0 to 11.491.82
11.5 to 11.991.98
12.0 to 12.492.15
12.5 to 12.992.34
13.0 or greater2.44

(3) See the comprehensive example in subpart D, §419.42(b)(3).

(c) The provisions of §419.16(c) apply to discharges of process wastewater pollutants attributable to ballast water by a point source subject to the provision of this subpart.

(d) The quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph, attributable to once-through cooling water, are excluded from the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section. Once-through cooling water may be discharged with a total organic carbon concentration not to exceed 5 mg/1.

(e) Effluent Limitations for Runoff. [Reserved]

[47 FR 46446, Oct. 18, 1982, as amended at 50 FR 28523, 28528, July 12, 1985; 50 FR 32414, Aug. 12, 1985]

§419.47   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7, any new source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

(a) The following standards apply to the total refinery flow contribution to the POTW:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyPretreatment standards for new sources, maximum for any 1 day
Milligrams per liter (mg/l)
Oil and grease100
Ammonia (as N)1100

1Where the discharge to the POTW consists solely of sour waters, the owner or operator has the option of complying with this limit or the daily maximum mass limitation for ammonia set forth in §419.46 (a) and (b).

(b) The following standard is applied to the cooling tower discharge part of the total refinery flow to the POTW by multiplying: (1) The standard; (2) by the total refinery flow to the POTW; and (3) by the ratio of the cooling tower discharge flow to the total refinery flow.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyPretreatment standards for new sources, maximum for any 1 day
Milligrams per liter (mg/l)
Total chromium1

Subpart E—Integrated Subcategory

§419.50   Applicability; description of the integrated subcategory.

The provisions of this subpart are applicable to all discharges resulting from any facility that produces petroleum products by the use of topping, cracking, lube oil manufacturing processes, and petrochemical operations, whether or not the facility includes any process in addition to topping, cracking, lube oil manufacturing processes, and petrochemical operations.

§419.51   Specialized definitions.

The general definitions, abbreviations, and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter and the specialized definitions set forth in §419.31 shall apply to this subpart.

§419.52   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT):

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBPT Effluent Limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of feedstock)
BOD554.428.9
TSS37.323.7
COD1388.0198.0
Oil and grease17.19.1
Phenolic compounds0.400.192
Ammonia as N23.410.6
Sulfide0.350.158
Total Chromium0.820.48
Hexavalent chromium0.0680.032
pH(2)(2)
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl of feedstock)
BOD119.210.2
TSS13.28.4
COD1136.070.0
Oil and grease6.03.2
Phenolic compounds0.140.068
Ammonia as N8.33.8
Sulfide0.1240.056
Total chromium0.290.17
Hexavalent chromium0.0250.011
pH(2)(2)

1See footnote following table in §419.13(d).

2Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

(b) The limits set forth in paragraph (a) of this section are to be multiplied by the following factors to calculate the maximum for any one day and maximum average of daily values for thirty consecutive days.

(1) Size factor.

1,000 bbl of feedstock per stream daySize factor
Less than 124.90.73
125.0 to 149.90.76
150.0 to 174.90.83
175.0 to 199.90.91
200.0 to 224.90.99
225 or greater1.04

(2) Process factor.

Process configurationProcess factor
Less than 6.490.75
6.5 to 7.490.82
7.5 to 7.990.92
8.0 to 8.491.00
8.5 to 8.991.10
9.0 to 9.491.20
9.5 to 9.991.30
10.0 to 10.491.42
10.5 to 10.991.54
11.0 to 11.491.68
11.5 to 11.991.83
12.0 to 12.491.99
12.5 to 12.992.17
13.0 or greater2.26

(3) See the comprehensive example in subpart D, §419.42(b)(3).

(c) The provisions of §419.12(c) apply to discharges of process wastewater pollutants attributable to ballast water by a point source subject to the provision of this subpart.

(d) The quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph, attributable to once-through cooling water, are excluded from the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section. Once-through cooling water may be discharged with a total organic carbon concentration not to exceed 5 mg/l.

(e) Effluent limitations for contaminated runoff. The following effluent limitations constitute the quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph and attributable to contaminated runoff, which may be discharged after the application of the best practicable control technology currently available by a point source subject to this subpart.

(1) If wastewater consists solely of contaminated runoff and is not commingled or treated with process wastewater, it may be discharged if it does not exceed 15 mg/l oil and grease and 110 mg/l total organic carbon (TOC) based upon an analysis of any single grab or composite sample.

(2) If contaminated runoff is commingled or treated with process wastewater, or if wastewater consisting solely of contaminated runoff which exceeds 15 mg/l oil and grease or 110 mg/l TOC is not commingled or treated with any other type of wastewater, the quantity of pollutants discharged shall not exceed the quantity determined by multiplying the flow of contaminated runoff as determined by the permit writer times the concentrations listed in the following table:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBPT effluent limitations for contaminated runoff
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of flow)
BOD548.26.
TSS33.21.
COD1360.180.
Oil and grease15.8.
Phenolic compounds (4AAP)0.350.17
Total chromium0.730.43
Hexavalent chromium0.0620.028
pH(2)(2)
English units (pounds per 1,000 gallons of flow)
BOD50.400.22
TSS0.280.18
COD13.01.5
Oil and grease0.130.067
Phenolic compounds (4AAP)0.00290.0014
Total chromium0.00600.0035
Hexavalent chromium0.000520.00023
pH(2)(2)

1In any case in which the applicant can demonstrate that the chloride ion concentration in the effluent exceeds 1,000 mg/l (1,000 ppm), the permitting authority may substitute TOC as a parameter in lieu of COD. A TOC effluent limitation shall be based on effluent data from the particular refinery which correlates TOC to BOD5. If in the judgment of the permitting authority, adequate correlation data are not available, the effluent limitations for TOC shall be established at a ratio of 2.2 to 1 to the applicable effluent limitations for BOD5.

2Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0.

[47 FR 46446, Oct. 18, 1982, as amended at 50 FR 28522, 28523, July 12, 1985; 50 FR 32414, Aug. 12, 1985]

§419.53   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT):

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBAT Effluent Limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of feedstock)
COD1388.0198.0
Ammonia as N23.410.6
Sulfide0.350.158
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl of feedstock)
COD1136.070.0
Ammonia as N8.33.8
Sulfide0.1240.056

1See footnote following table in §419.13(d).

(b) The limits set forth in paragraph (a) of this section are to be multiplied by the following factors to calculate the maximum for any one day and maximum average of daily values for thirty consecutive days.

(1) Size factor.

1,000 bbl of feedstock per stream daySize factor
Less than 124.90.73
125.0 to 149.90.76
150.0 to 174.90.83
175.0 to 199.90.91
200 to 224.90.99
225 or greater1.04

(2) Process factor.

Process configurationProcess factor
Less than 6.490.75
6.5 to 7.490.82
7.5 to 7.990.92
8.0 to 8.491.00
8.5 to 8.991.10
9.0 to 9.491.20
9.5 to 9.991.30
10.0 to 10.491.42
10.5 to 10.991.54
11.0 to 11.491.68
11.5 to 11.991.83
12.0 to 12.491.99
12.5 to 12.992.17
13.0 or greater2.26

(3) See the comprehensive example in subpart D, §419.42(b)(3).

(c)(1) In addition to the provisions contained above pertaining to COD, ammonia and sulfide, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT):

(i) For each of the regulated pollutant parameters listed below, the effluent limitation for a given refinery is the sum of the products of each effluent limitation factor times the applicable process feedstock rate, calculated as provided in 40 CFR 122.45(b). Applicable production processes are presented in appendix A, by process type. The process identification numbers presented in this appendix A are for the convenience of the reader. They can be cross-referenced in the Development Document for Effluent Limitations Guidelines, New Source Performance Standards, and Pretreatment Standards for the Petroleum Refining Point Source Category (EPA 440/1-82/014), Table III-7, pp. 49-54.

Pollutant or pollutant property and process typeBAT effluent limitation factor
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 cubic meters of feedstock)
Phenolic compounds (4AAP):
Crude0.0370.009
Cracking and coking0.4190.102
Asphalt0.2260.055
Lube1.0550.257
Reforming and alkylation0.3770.092
Total chromium:
Crude0.0300.011
Cracking and coking0.3400.118
Asphalt0.1830.064
Lube0.8550.297
Reforming and alkylation0.3050.106
Hexavalent chromium:
Crude0.00190.0009
Cracking and coking0.02180.0098
Asphalt0.01170.0053
Lube0.05490.0248
Reforming and alkylation0.01960.0088
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl of feedstock)
Phenolic compounds (4AAP):
Crude0.0130.003
Cracking and coking0.1470.036
Asphalt0.0790.019
Lube0.3690.090
Reforming and alkylation0.1320.032
Total chromium:
Crude0.0110.004
Cracking and coking0.1190.041
Asphalt0.0640.022
Lube0.2990.104
Reforming and alkylation0.1070.037
Hexavalent chromium:
Crude0.00070.0003
Cracking and coking0.00760.0034
Asphalt0.00410.0019
Lube0.01920.0087
Reforming and alkylation0.00690.0031

(2) See the comprehensive example in subpart D, §419.43(c)(2).

(d) The provisions of §419.13(d) apply to discharges of process wastewater pollutants attributable to ballast water by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart.

(e) The quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph, attributable to once-through cooling water, are excluded from the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section. Once-through cooling water may be discharged with a total organic carbon concentration not to exceed 5 mg/l.

(f) Effluent limitations for contaminated runoff. The following effluent limitations constitute the quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph and attributable to contaminated runoff, which may be discharged after the application of the best available technology economically achievable by a point source subject to this subpart.

(1) If wastewater consists solely of contaminated runoff and is not commingled or treated with process wastewater, it may be discharged if it does not exceed 110 mg/l total organic carbon (TOC) based upon an analysis of any single grab or composite sample.

(2) If contaminated runoff is commingled or treated with process wastewater, or if wastewater consisting solely of contaminated runoff which exceeds 110 mg/l TOC is not commingled or treated with any other type of wastewater, the quantity of pollutants discharged shall not exceed the quantity determined by multiplying the flow of contaminated runoff as determined by the permit writer times the concentrations listed in the following table:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBAT effluent limitations for contaminated runoff
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of flow)
Phenolic compounds (4AAP)0.350.17
Total chromium0.600.21
Hexavalent chromium0.0620.028
COD1360.180.
English units (pounds per 1,000 gallons of flow)
Phenolic compounds (4AAP)0.00290.0014
Total chromium0.00500.0018
Hexavalent chromium0.000520.00023
COD13.01.5

1In any case in which the applicant can demonstrate that the chloride ion concentration in the effluent exceeds 1,000 mg/l (1,000 ppm), the permitting authority may substitute TOC as a parameter in lieu of COD. A TOC effluent limitation shall be based on effluent data from the particular refinery which correlates TOC to BOD5. If in the judgement of the permitting authority, adequate correlation data are not available, the effluent limitations for TOC shall be established at a ratio of 2.2 to 1 to the applicable effluent limitations for BOD5

[47 FR 46446, Oct. 18, 1982, as amended at 50 FR 28523, July 12, 1985; 50 FR 32414, Aug. 12, 1985]

§419.54   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

(a) Any existing point subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology (BCT):

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBCT effluent limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of feedstock)
BOD554.428.9
TSS37.323.7
Oil and grease17.19.1
pH(1)(1)
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl of feedstock)
BOD519.210.2
TSS13.28.4
Oil and grease6.03.2
ph(1)(1)

1Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0.

(b) The limits set forth in paragraph (a) of this section are to be multiplied by the following factors to calculate the maximum for any one day and maximum average of daily values for thirty consecutive days.

(1) Size factor.

1,000 bbl of feedstock per stream daySize factor
Less than 124.90.73
125.0 to 149.90.76
150.0 to 174.90.83
175. to 199.90.91
200.0 to 224.90.99
225.0 or greater1.04

(2) Process factor.

Process configurationProcess factor
Less than 6.490.75
6.5 to 7.490.82
7.5 to 7.990.92
8.0 to 8.491.00
8.5 to 8.991.10
9.0 to 9.491.20
9.5 to 9.991.30
10.0 to 10.491.42
10.5 to 10.991.54
11.0 to 11.491.68
11.5 to 11.991.83
12.0 to 12.491.99
12.5 to 12.992.17
13.0 or greater2.26

(3) See the comprehensive example in subpart D, §419.42(b)(3).

(c) The provisions of §419.14(c) apply to discharges of process wastewater pollutants attributable to ballast water by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart.

(d) The quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph, attributable to once-through cooling water, are excluded from the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section.

(e) Effluent limitations for contaminated runoff. The following effluent limitations constitute the quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph and attributable to contaminated runoff which may be discharged after the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology by a point source subject to this subpart.

(1) If wastewater consists solely of contaminated runoff and is not commingled or treated with process wastewater, it may be discharged if it does not exceed 15 mg/l oil and grease based upon an analysis of any single grab or composite sample.

(2) If contaminated runoff is commingled or treated with process wastewater, or if wastewater consisting solely of contaminated runoff which exceeds 15 mg/l oil and grease is not commingled or treated with any other type of wastewater, the quantity of pollutants discharged shall not exceed the quantity determined by multiplying the flow of contaminated runoff as determined by the permit writer times the concentrations listed in the following table:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyBCT effluent limitations for contaminated runoff
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of feedstock)
BOD548.26.
TSS33.21.
Oil and grease15.8.
pH(1)(1)
English units (pounds per 1,000 gallons of flow)
BOD50.400.22
TSS0.280.18
Oil and grease0.130.067
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 6.0 to 9.0.

[50 FR 28527, July 12, 1985]

§419.55   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7 and 403.13 any existing source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES). The following standards apply to the total refinery flow contribution to the POTW:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyPretreatment standards for existing sources—maximum for any 1 day
Milligrams per liter (mg/l)
Oil and grease100
Ammonia (as N)1100

1Where the discharge to the POTW consists solely of sour waters, the owner or operator has the option of complying with this limit or the daily maximum mass limitation for ammonia set forth in §419.53 (a) and (b).

§419.56   Standards of performance for new sources (NSPS).

(a) Any new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following new source performance standards (NSPS):

Pollutant or pollutant propertyNSPS effluent limitation
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 m3 of feedstock)
BOD541.622.1
TSS28.117.9
COD1295.0152.0
Oil and grease12.66.7
Phenolic compounds0.300.14
Ammonia as N23.410.7
Sulfide0.260.12
Total chromium0.640.37
Hexavalent chromium0.0520.024
pH(2)(2)
English units (pounds per 1,000 bbl of feedstock)
BOD514.77.8
TSS9.96.3
COD1104.054.0
Oil and grease4.52.4
Phenolic compounds0.1050.051
Ammonia as N8.33.8
Sulfide0.0930.042
Total chromium0.2200.13
Hexavalent chromium0.0190.0084
pH(2)(2)

1See footnote following table in §419.13(d).

2Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

(b) The limits set forth in paragraph (a) of this section are to be multiplied by the following factors to calculate the maximum for any one day and maximum average of daily values for thirty consecutive days.

(1) Size factor.

1,000 bbl of feedstock per stream daySize factor
Less than 124.90.73
125.0 to 149.90.76
150.0 to 174.90.83
175.0 to 199.90.91
200 to 224.90.99
225 or greater1.04

(2) Process factor.

Process configurationProcess factor
Less than 6.490.75
6.5 to 7.490.82
7.5 to 7.990.92
8.0 to 8.491.00
8.5 to 8.991.10
9.0 to 9.491.20
9.5 to 9.991.30
10.0 to 10.491.42
10.5 to 10.991.54
11.0 to 11.491.68
11.5 to 11.991.83
12.0 to 12.491.99
12.5 to 12.992.17
13.0 or greater2.26

(3) See the comprehensive example in subpart D, §419.42(b)(3).

(c) The provisions of §419.16(c) apply to discharges of process wastewater pollutants attributable to ballast water by a point source subject to the provision of this subpart.

(d) The quantity and quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this paragraph, attributable to once-through cooling water, are excluded from the discharge allowed by paragraph (b) of this section. Once-through cooling water may be discharged with a total organic carbon concentration not to exceed 5 mg/l.

(e) Effluent Limitations for Runoff. [Reserved]

[47 FR 46446, Oct. 18, 1982, as amended at 50 FR 28523, 28528, July 12, 1985; 50 FR 32414, Aug. 12, 1985]

§419.57   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7, any new source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

(a) The following standards apply to the total refinery flow contribution to the POTW:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyPretreatment standards for new sources—maximum for any 1 day
Milligrams per liter (mg/l)
Oil and grease100
Ammonia (as N)1100

1Where the discharge to the POTW consists solely of sour waters, the owner or operator has the option of complying with this limit or the daily maximum mass limitation for ammonia set forth in §419.56 (a) and (b).

(b) The following standard is applied to the cooling tower discharge part of the total refinery flow to the POTW by multiplying: (1) The standards; (2) by the total refinery flow to the POTW; and (3) by the ratio of the cooling tower discharge flow to the total refinery flow.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyPretreatment standards for new sources—maximum for any 1 day
Milligrams per liter (mg/1)
Total chromium1

Appendix A to Part 419—Processes Included in the Determination of BAT Effluent Limitations for Total Chromium, Hexavalent Chromium, and Phenolic Compounds (4AAP)

Crude Processes

1. Atmospheric Crude Distillation

2. Crude Desalting

3. Vacuum Crude Distillation

Cracking and Coking Processes

4. Visbreaking

5. Thermal Cracking

6. Fluid Catalytic Cracking

7. Moving Bed Catalytic Cracking

10. Hydrocracking

15. Delayed Coking

16. Fluid Coking

54. Hydrotreating

Asphalt Processes

18. Asphalt Production

32. 200 °F Softening Point Unfluxed Asphalt

43. Asphalt Oxidizing

89. Asphalt Emulsifying

Lube Processes

21. Hydrofining, Hydrofinishing, Lube Hydrofining

22. White Oil Manufacture

23. Propane Dewaxing, Propane Deasphalting, Propane Fractioning, Propane Deresining

24. Duo Sol, Solvent Treating, Solvent Extraction, Duotreating, Solvent Dewaxing, Solvent Deasphalting

25. Lube Vac Twr, Oil Fractionation, Batch Still (Naphtha Strip), Bright Stock Treating

26. Centrifuge and Chilling

27. MEK Dewaxing, Ketone Dewaxing, MEK-Toluene Dewaxing

28. Deoiling (wax)

29. Naphthenic Lubes Production

30. SO2 Extraction

34. Wax Pressing

35. Wax Plant (with Neutral Separation)

36. Furfural Extraction

37. Clay Contacting—Percolation

38. Wax Sweating

39. Acid Treating

40. Phenol Extraction

Reforming and Alkylation Processes

8. H2SO4 Alkylation

12. Catalytic Reforming

[50 FR 28528, July 12, 1985; 50 FR 32414, Aug. 12, 1985]



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