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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR Data is current as of April 21, 2014

Title 40: Protection of Environment


PART 464—METAL MOLDING AND CASTING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY


Contents

General Provisions

§464.01   Applicability.
§464.02   General definitions.
§464.03   Monitoring and reporting requirements.
§464.04   Compliance date for PSES.

Subpart A—Aluminum Casting Subcategory

§464.10   Applicability; description of the aluminum casting subcategory.
§464.11   Specialized definitions.
§464.12   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available.
§464.13   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable.
§464.14   New source performance standards.
§464.15   Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
§464.16   Pretreatment standards for new sources.
§464.17   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology. [Reserved]

Subpart B—Copper Casting Subcategory

§464.20   Applicability; description of the copper casting subcategory.
§464.21   Specialized definitions.
§464.22   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available.
§464.23   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable.
§464.24   New source performance standards.
§464.25   Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
§464.26   Pretreatment standards for new sources.
§464.27   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology. [Reserved]

Subpart C—Ferrous Casting Subcategory

§464.30   Applicability; description of the ferrous casting subcategory.
§464.31   Specialized definitions.
§464.32   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available.
§464.33   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable.
§464.34   New source performance standards.
§464.35   Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
§464.36   Pretreatment standards for new sources.
§464.37   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology. [Reserved]

Subpart D—Zinc Casting Subcategory

§464.40   Applicability; description of the zinc casting subcategory.
§464.41   Specialized definitions.
§464.42   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available.
§464.43   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable.
§464.44   New source performance standards.
§464.45   Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
§464.46   Pretreatment standards for new sources.
§464.47   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology. [Reserved]

Authority: Secs. 301, 304 (b), (c), (e), and (g), 306 (b) and (c), 307, 308, and 501 of the Clean Water Act (Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972, as amended by the Clean Water Act of 1977) (the “Act”); 33 U.S.C. 1311, 1314 (b), (c), (e) and (g), 1316 (b) and (c), 1317 (b) and (c), 1318, and 1361; 86 Stat. 816, Pub. L. 92-500; 91 Stat. 1567, Pub. L. 95-217.

Source: 50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985, unless otherwise noted.

General Provisions

§464.01   Applicability.

(a) This part applies to metal molding and casting facilities that discharge or may discharge pollutants to waters of the United States or that introduce pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works.

§464.02   General definitions.

In addition to the definitions set forth in 40 CFR part 401, the following definitions apply to this part:

(a) Aluminum casting. The remelting of aluminum or an aluminum alloy to form a cast intermediate or final product by pouring or forcing the molten metal into a mold, except for ingots, pigs, or other cast shapes related to nonferrous (primary and secondary) metals manufacturing (40 CFR part 421) and aluminum forming (40 CFR part 467). Processing operations following the cooling of castings not covered under aluminum forming, except for grinding scrubber operations which are covered here, are covered under the electroplating and metal finishing point source categories (40 CFR parts 413 and 433).

(b) Copper casting. The remelting of copper or a copper alloy to form a cast intermediate or final product by pouring or forcing the molten metal into a mold, except for ingots, pigs, or other cast shapes related to nonferrous (primary and secondary) metals manufacturing (40 CFR part 421). Also excluded are casting of beryllium alloys in which beryllium is present at 0.1 or greater percent by weight and precious metals alloys in which the precious metal is present at 30 or greater percent by weight. Except for grinding scrubber operations which are covered here, processing operations following the cooling of castings are covered under the electroplating and metal finishing point source categories (40 CFR parts 413 and 433).

(c) Ferrous casting. The remelting of ferrous metals to form a cast intermediate or finished product by pouring the molten metal into a mold. Except for grinding scrubber operations which are covered here, processing operations following the cooling of castings are covered under the electroplating and metal finishing point source categories (40 CFR parts 413 and 433).

(d) Zinc casting. The remelting of zinc or zinc alloy to form a cast intermediate or final product by pouring or forcing the molten metal into a mold, except for ingots, pigs, or other cast shapes related to nonferrous (primary) metals manufacturing (40 CFR part 421) and nonferrous metals forming (40 CFR part 471). Processing operations following the cooling of castings not covered under nonferrous metals forming are covered under the electroplating and metal finishing point source categories (40 CFR parts 413 and 433).

(e) POTW shall mean “publicly owned treatment works.”

(f) A non-continuous discharger is a plant which does not discharge pollutants during specific periods of time for reasons other than treatment plant upset, such periods being at least 24 hours in duration. A typical example of a non-continuous discharger is a plant where wastewaters are routinely stored for periods in excess of 24 hours to be treated on a batch basis. For non-continuous discharging direct discharging plants, NPDES permit authorities shall apply the mass-based annual average effluent limitations or standards and the concentration-based maximum day and maximum for monthly average effluent limitations or standards established in the regulations. POTWs may elect to establish concentration-based standards for non-continuous discharges to POTWs. They may do so by establishing concentration-based pretreatment standards equivalent to the mass-based standards provided in §§464.15, 464.16, 464.25, 464.26, 464.35, 464.36, 464.45, and 464.46 of the regulations. Equivalent concentration standards may be established by following the procedures outlined in §464.03(b).

(g) Total phenols shall mean total phenolic compounds as measured by the procedure listed in 40 CFR part 136 (distillation followed by colorimetric—4AAP).

(h) Sm3 shall mean standard cubic meters.

(i) SCF shall means standard cubic feet.

(j) Total toxic organics (TTO) shall mean the sum of the mass of each of the toxic organic compounds which are found at a concentration greater than 0.010 mg/l. The specialized definitions for each subpart contain a discrete list of toxic organic compounds comprising TTO for each process segment in which TTO is regulated.

§464.03   Monitoring and reporting requirements.

(a) As an alternative to monitoring for TTO (total toxic organics), an indirect discharging plant may elect to monitor for Oil and Grease instead. Compliance with the Oil and Grease standard shall be considered equivalent to complying with the TTO standard. Alternate Oil and Grease standards are provided as substitutes for the TTO standards provided in §§464.15, 464.16, 464.25, 464.26, 464.35, 464.36, 464.45, and 464.46.

(b) POTWs may establish concentration standards rather than mass standards, but must ensure that the concentration standards are exactly equivalent to the mass-based standards provided in §§464.15, 464.16, 464.25, 464.26, 464.35, 464.36, 464.45, and 464.46. Equivalent concentration standards may be determined by multiplying the mass-based standards included in the regulations by an appropriate measurement of average production, raw material usage, or air scrubber flow (kkg of metal poured, kkg of sand reclaimed, or standard cubic meters of air scrubbed) and dividing by an appropriate measure of average discharge flow to the POTW, taking into account the proper conversion factors to ensure that the units (mg/l) are correct.

(c) The “monthly average” regulatory values shall be the basis for the monthly average effluent limitations guidelines and standards in direct discharge permits and for pretreatment standards. Compliance with the monthly average effluent limitations guidelines and standards is required regardless of the number of samples analyzed and averaged.

§464.04   Compliance date for PSES.

The compliance date of PSES is October 31, 1988.

Subpart A—Aluminum Casting Subcategory

§464.10   Applicability; description of the aluminum casting subcategory.

The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges to waters of the United States and to the introduction of pollutants into publicly owned treatment works resulting from aluminum casting operations as defined in §464.02(a).

§464.11   Specialized definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart:

(a) Total toxic organics (TTO). TTO is a regulated parameter under PSES (§464.15) and PSNS (§464.16) for the aluminum subcategory and is comprised of a discrete list of toxic organic pollutants for each process segment where it is regulated, as follows:

(1) Casting Quench (§464.15(b) and §464.16(b)):

4. benzene

21. 2,4,6-trichlorophenol

22. Para-chloro meta-cresol

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

39. fluoranthene

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

65. phenol

66. bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

67. butyl benzyl phthalate

84. pyrene

85. tetrachloroethylene

87. trichloroethylene

(2) Die Casting (§464.15(c) and §464.16(c)):

1. acenaphthene

4. benzene

7. chlorobenzene

11. 1,1,1-trichloroethane

21. 2,4,6-trichlorophenol

22. para-chloro meta-cresol

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

39. fluoranthene

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

55. naphthalene

65. phenol

66. bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

67. butyl benzyl phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

72. benzo (a)anthracene (1,2-benzanthracene)

73. benzo (a)pyrene (3,4-benzopyrene)

76. chrysene

78. anthracene

80. fluorene

81. phenanthrene

84. pyrene

85. tetrachloroethylene

86. toluene

(3) Dust Collection Scrubber (§464.15(d) and §464.16(d)):

1. acenaphthene

21. 2,4,6-trichlorophenol

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

39. fluoranthene

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

65. phenol

66. bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

73. benzo (a)pyrene (3,4-benzopyrene)

84. pyrene

(4) Investment Casting (§464.15(f) and §464.16(f)):

11. 1,1,1-trichloroethane

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

66. bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

84. pyrene

85. tetrachloroethylene

87. trichloroethylene

(5) Melting Furnace Scrubber (§464.15(g) and §464.16(g)):

1. acenaphthene

21. 2,4,6-trichlorophenol

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

39. fluoranthene

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

65. phenol

66. bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

73. benzo (a)pyrene (3,4-benzopyrene)

84. pyrene

(6) Mold Cooling (§464.15(h) and §464.16(h)):

4. benzene

21. 2,4,6-trichlorophenol

22. para-chloro meta-cresol

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

39. fluoranthene

44. methylene chloride

65. phenol

66. bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

67. butyl benzyl phthalate

84. pyrene

85. tetrachloroethylene

87. trichloroethylene

§464.12   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available, except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent limitations for copper, lead, zinc, total phenols, oil and grease, and TSS. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass limitations and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) limitations shall apply. Concentration limitation and annual average mass limitation shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Cleaning Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.07710.0421
Lead (T)0.07910.039
Zinc (T)0.1140.0431
Oil & grease3.01.0
TSS3.801.50
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.00 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.017
Lead (T)0.790.390.022
Zinc (T)1.140.430.027
Oil & grease30100.501
TSS38151.0
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (12/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(b) Casting Quench Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.00930.0051
Lead (T)0.00960.0047
Zinc (T)0.01380.0052
Oil & grease0.3630.121
TSS0.460.182
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.0021
Lead (T)0.790.390.0027
Zinc (T)1.140.430.0033
Oil & grease30100.0605
TSS38150.121
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1.45/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(c) Die Casting Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.00660.0036
Lead (T)0.00680.0034
Zinc (T)0.00980.0037
Total Phenols0.00740.0026
Oil & Grease0.2590.0864
TSS0.330.13
pH(1)(1)

1With the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l) (2)(mg/l) (2)
Copper (T)0.770.420.0015
Lead (T)0.790.390.0019
Zinc (T)1.140.430.0023
Total Phenols0.860.30.0017
Oil & Grease30100.0432
TSS38150.0864
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1.04/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times,

(d) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)0.2310.126
Lead (T)0.2370.117
Zinc (T)0.3430.129
Total Phenols0.2580.09
Oil & Grease9.013.0
TSS11.44.51
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.0511
Lead (T)0.790.390.0661
Zinc (T)1.140.430.0811
Total Phenols0.860.30.0601
Oil & Grease30101.5
TSS38153.0
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/62.3 million SM3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.036/x) where x is the actual normalized process waste-water flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(e) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to navigable waters.

(f) Investment Casting.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)8.484.63
Lead (T)8.74.3
Zinc (T)12.64.74
Oil and grease330110
TSS419165
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.421.87
Lead (T)0.790.392.42
Zinc (T)1.140.432.97
Oil and grease301055.1
TSS3815110
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(g) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)3.011.64
Lead (T)3.091.52
Zinc (T)4.451.68
Total phenols3.361.17
Oil and grease11739.1
TSS14858.6
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.664
Lead (T)0.790.390.859
Zinc (T)1.140.431.05
Total phenols0.860.30.781
Oil and grease301019.5
TSS381539.1
pH(2)(3)(3)

1kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.468/x) where x is the acutal normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(h) Mold Cooling Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.2970.162
Lead (T)0.3050.151
Zinc (T)0.440.166
Oil and grease11.63.86
TSS14.75.79
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)1(mg/)1
Copper (T)0.770.420.0656
Lead (T)0.790.390.0849
Zinc (T)1.140.430.104
Oil and grease30101.93
TSS38153.86
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (46.3/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21760, June 16, 1986]

§464.13   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable, except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent limitations for copper, lead, zinc, and total phenols. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass limitations and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) limitations shall apply. Concentration limitations and annual average mass limitations shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Cleaning Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.07710.0421
Lead (T)0.07910.039
Zinc (T)0.1140.0431
  Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.017
Lead (T)0.790.390.022
Zinc (T)1.140.430.027

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (12/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(b) Casting Quench Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.00930.0051
Lead (T)0.00960.0047
Zinc (T)0.01380.0052
  Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.0021
Lead (T)0.790.390.0027
Zinc (T)1.140.430.0033

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1.45/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(c) Die Casting Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.00660.0036
Lead (T)0.00680.0034
Zinc (T)0.00980.0037
Total Phenols0.00740.0026
  Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.0015
Lead (T)0.790.390.0019
Zinc (T)1.140.430.0023
Total Phenols0.860.30.0017

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1.04/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(d) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)0.2310.126
Lead (T)0.2370.117
Zinc (T)0.3430.129
Total Phenols0.2580.09
  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.0511
Lead (T)0.790.390.0661
Zinc (T)1.140.430.0811
Total Phenols0.860.30.0601

1kg/62.3 million Sm3 (lb per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.036/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

(e) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to navigable waters.

(f) Investment Casting.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)8.484.63
Lead (T)8.74.3
Zinc (T)12.64.74
  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.421.87
Lead (T)0.790.392.42
Zinc (T)1.140.432.97

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(g) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)3.011.64
Lead (T)3.091.52
Zinc (T)4.451.68
Total phenols3.361.17
  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.664
Lead (T)0.790.390.859
Zinc (T)1.140.431.05
Total phenols0.860.30.781

1kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.468/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

(h) Mold Cooling Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.2970.162
Lead (T)0.3050.151
Zinc (T)0.440.166
  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.0656
Lead (T)0.790.390.0849
Zinc (T)1.140.430.104

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (46.3/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21760, June 16, 1986]

§464.14   New source performance standards.

Any new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following new source performance standards (NSPS), except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent standards for copper, lead, zinc, total phenols, oil and grease, and TSS. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass standards and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) standards shall apply. Concentration standards and annual average mass standards shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Cleaning Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.07710.0421
Lead (T)0.07910.039
Zinc (T)0.1140.0431
Oil and grease3.01.0
TSS3.81.5
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.017
Lead (T)0.790.390.022
Zinc (T)1.140.430.027
Oil and grease30100.501
TSS38151.0
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (12/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(b) Casting Quench Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.00930.0051
Lead (T)0.00960.0047
Zinc (T)0.01380.0052
Oil and grease0.3630.121
TSS0.460.182
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.0021
Lead (T)0.790.390.0027
Zinc (T)1.140.430.0033
Oil and grease30100.0605
TSS38150.121
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1.45/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(c) Die Casting Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for one 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.00660.0036
Lead (T)0.00680.0034
Zinc (T)0.00980.0037
Total Phenols0.00740.0026
Oil and grease0.2590.0864
TSS and0.330.13
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.0015
Lead (T)0.790.390.0019
Zinc (T)1.140.430.0023
Total phenols0.860.30.0017
Oil and grease30100.0432
TSS and38150.0864
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1.04/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured)

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(d) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant of pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Cooper (T)0.2310.126
Lead (T)0.2370.117
Zinc (T)0.3430.129
Total phenols0.2580.09
Oil and grease9.013.0
TSS11.44.51
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 daymaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Cooper (T)0.770.420.0511
Lead (T)0.790.390.0661
Zinc (T)1.140.430.0811
Total phenols0.860.30.0601
Oil and grease30101.5
TSS38153.0
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.036/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(e) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to navigable waters.

(f) Investment Casting.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)8.484.63
Lead (T)8.74.3
Zinc (T)12.64.74
Oil and grease330110
TSS419165
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.421.87
Lead (T)0.790.392.42
Zinc (T)1.140.432.97
Oil and grease301055.1
TSS3815110
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(g) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)3.011.64
Lead (T)3.091.52
Zinc (T)4.451.68
Total phenols3.361.17
Oil and grease11739.1
TSS14858.6
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.664
Lead (T)0.790.390.859
Zinc (T)1.140.431.05
Total phenols0.860.30.781
Oil and grease301019.5
TSS381539.1
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.468/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(h) Mold Cooling Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.2970.162
Lead (T)0.3050.151
Zinc (T)0.440.166
Oil and grease11.63.86
TSS14.75.79
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.0656
Lead (T)0.790.390.0849
Zinc (T)1.140.430.104
Oil and grease30101.93
TSS38153.86
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (46.3/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21760, June 16, 1986]

§464.15   Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7 and 403.13, any existing source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for existing sources.

(a) Casting Cleaning Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.07710.0421
Lead (T)0.07910.039
Zinc (T)0.1140.0431

(b) Casting Quench Operation.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.00930.0051
Lead (T)0.00960.0047
Zinc (T)0.01380.0052
TT00.0290.0095
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)0.3630.121

(c) Die Casting Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.00660.0036
Lead (T)0.00680.0034
Zinc (T)0.00980.0037
Total phenols0.00740.0026
TTO0.03080.01
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)0.2590.0864

(d) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)0.2310.126
Lead (T)0.2370.117
Zinc (T)0.3430.129
Total phenols0.2580.09
TTO0.6130.2
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)9.013.00

(e) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to a POTW.

(f) Investment Casting.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)8.484.63
Lead (T)8.74.3
Zinc (T)12.64.74
TTO18.15.91
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring330110

(g) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)3.011.64
Lead (T)3.091.52
Zinc (T)4.451.68
Total phenols3.361.17
TTO7.972.6
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)11739.1

(h) Mold Cooling Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.2970.162
Lead (T)0.3050.151
Zinc (T)0.440.166
TTO0.9350.304
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)11.63.86

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21760, June 16, 1986]

§464.16   Pretreatment standards for new sources.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7, any new source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for new sources.

(a) Casting Cleaning Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.07710.0421
Lead (T)0.07910.039
Zinc (T)0.1140.0431

(b) Casting Quench Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.00930.0051
Lead (T)0.00960.0047
Zinc (T)0.01380.0052
TTO0.0290.0095
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)0.3630.121

(c) Die Casting Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.00660.0036
Lead (T)0.00680.0034
Zinc (T)0.00980.0037
Total Phenols0.00740.0026
TTO0.03080.01
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)0.2590.0864

(d) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)0.2310.126
Lead (T)0.2370.117
Zinc (T)0.3430.129
Total Phenols0.2580.09
TTO0.6130.2
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)9.013.0

(e) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to a POTW.

(f) Investment Casting.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)8.484.63
Lead (T)8.74.3
Zinc (T)12.64.74
TTO18.15.91
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)330110

(g) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)3.011.64
Lead (T)3.091.52
Zinc (T)4.451.68
Total Phenols3.361.17
TTO7.972.6
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)11739.1

(h) Mold Cooling Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.2970.162
Lead (T)0.3050.151
Zinc (T)0.440.166
TTO0.9350.304
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)11.63.86

§464.17   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology. [Reserved]

Subpart B—Copper Casting Subcategory

§464.20   Applicability; description of the copper casting subcategory.

The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges to waters of the United States and to the introduction of pollutants into publicly owned treatment works resulting from copper casting operations as defined in §464.02(b).

§464.21   Specialized definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart:

(a) Total Toxic Organics (TTO). TTO is a regulated parameter under PSES (§464.25) and PSNS (§464.26) for the copper subcategory and is comprised of a discrete list of toxic organic pollutants for each process segment where it is regulated, as follows:

(1) Casting Quench (§464.25(a) and §464.26(a)):

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

64. pentachlorophenol

66. bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate

71. dimethyl phthalate

(2) Dust Collection Scrubbers (§464.25(c) and 464.26(c)):

1. acenaphthene

22. para-chloro meta-cresol

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

55. naphthalene

58. 4-nitrophenol

64. pentachlorophenol

65. phenol

66. bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate

67. butyl benzyl phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

71. dimethyl phthalate

72. benzo(a)anthracene (1,2-benzanthracene)

74. 3,4-benzofluoranthene

75. benzo(k) fluoranthene

76. chrysene

77. acenaphthylene

78. anthracene

81. phenanthrene

84. pyrene

(3) Investment Casting (§464.25(e) and §464.26(e)):

1. acenaphthene

22. para-chloro meta-cresol

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

55. naphthalene

58. 4-nitrophenol

64. pentachlorophenol

65. phenol

66. bis (2-ethylhexyl)phthalate

67. butyl benzyl phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

71. dimethyl phthalate

72. benzo(a)anthracene (1,2-benzanthracene)

74. 3,4-benzofluoranthene

75. benzo(k) fluoranthene

76. chrysene

77. acenaphthylene

78. anthracene

81. Phenanthrene

84. pyrene

(4) Melting Furnace Scrubber (§464.25(f) and §464.26(f)):

1. acenaphthene

22. para-chloro meta-cresol

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

55. naphthalene

58. 4-nitrophenol

64. pentachlorophenol

65. phenol

66. bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

67. butyl benzyl phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

71. dimethyl phthalate

72. benzo(a)anthracene (1,2-benzanthracene)

74. 3,4-benzoflouranthene

75. benzo(k) flouranthene

76. chrysene

77. acenaphthylene

78. anthracene

81. phenanthrene

84. pyrene

(5) Mold Cooling (§464.25(g) and §464.26(g)):

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

64. pentachlorophenol

66. bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate

71. dimethyl phthalate

§464.22   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available, except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent limitations for copper, lead, zinc, total phenols, oil and grease, and TSS. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass limitations and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) limitations shall apply. Concentration limitations and annual average mass limitations shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.03070.0168
Lead (T)0.03150.0156
Zinc (T)0.04550.0171
Oil and grease1.20.399
TSS1.520.598
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.0068
Lead (T)0.790.390.0088
Zinc (T)1.140.430.0108
Oil and grease30100.199
TSS38150.399
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (4.8/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(b) Direct Chill Casting Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.9280.506
Lead (T)0.9520.47
Zinc (T)1.370.518
Oil and grease36.212.1
TSS45.818.1
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.205
Lead (T)0.790.390.265
Zinc (T)1.140.430.326
Oil and grease30106.03
TSS381512.1
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (145/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)0.5530.301
Lead (T)0.5670.28
Zinc (T)0.8180.309
Total phenols0.6170.215
Oil and grease21.57.18
TSS27.310.8
ph(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.122
Lead (T)0.790.390.158
Zinc (T)1.140.430.194
Total phenols0.860.30.144
Oil and grease30103.59
TSS38157.18
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.086/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to navigable waters.

(e) Investment Casting.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)8.484.63
Lead (T)8.74.3
Zinc (T)12.64.74
Oil and grease330110
TSS419165
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.421.87
Lead (T)0.790.392.42
Zinc (T)1.140.432.97
Oil and grease301055.1
TSS3815110
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)1.810.988
Lead (T)1.860.918
Zinc (T)2.681.01
Total phenols2.020.706
Oil and grease70.623.5
TSS89.435.3
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.4
Lead (T)0.790.390.518
Zinc (T)1.140.430.635
Total phenols0.860.30.467
Oil and grease301011.8
TSS381523.5
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pound per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.282/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(g) Mold Cooling Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.3920.214
Lead (T)0.4020.199
Zinc (T)0.580.219
Oil and grease15.35.09
TSS19.37.63
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.0865
Lead (T)0.790.390.112
Zinc (T)1.140.430.137
Oil and grease30102.54
TSS38155.09
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (61/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21760, June 16, 1986]

§464.23   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable, except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent limitations for copper, lead, zinc, and total phenols. For non-continuous discharges, annual average mass limitations and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) limitations shall apply. Concentration limitations and annual average mass limitations shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.0307.0168
Lead (T)0.0211.0104
Zinc (T)0.0303.0116
  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.0068
Lead (T)0.530.260.006
Zinc (T)0.760.290.0072

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (4.8/x) where x is the actual normalized process waste-water flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(b) Direct Chill Casting Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.9280.506
Lead (T)0.6390.314
Zinc (T)0.9160.35
  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.205
Lead (T)0.530.260.181
Zinc (T)0.760.290.217

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (145/x) where x is the actual normalized process waste-water flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)0.5530.301
Lead (T)0.380.187
Zinc (T)0.5450.208
Total phenols0.6170.215
  Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.122
Lead (T)0.530.260.108
Zinc (T)0.760.290.129
Total phenols0.860.30.144

1kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.086/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to navigable waters.

(e) Investment Casting.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)8.484.63
Lead (T)5.842.86
Zinc (T)8.373.19
  Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.421.87
Lead (T)0.530.261.65
Zinc (T)0.760.291.98

1kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)1.810.988
Lead (T)1.250.612
Zinc (T)1.790.673
Total phenols2.020.706
  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.4
Lead (T)0.530.260.353
Zinc (T)0.760.290.424
Total phenols0.860.30.471

1kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.282/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

(g) Mold Cooling Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.3920.214
Lead (T)0.270.132
Zinc (T)0.3870.148
  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.0865
Lead (T)0.530.260.0763
Zinc (T)0.760.290.0916

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (61/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21761, June 16, 1986]

§464.24   New source performance standards.

Any new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following new source performance standards (NSPS), except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent standards for copper, lead, zinc, total phenols, oil and grease, and TSS. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass standards and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) standards shall apply. Concentration standards and annual average mass standards shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.03070.0168
Lead (T)0.02110.0104
Zinc (T)0.03030.0116
Oil and grease1.20.399
TSS0.5980.479
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.0068
Lead (T)0.530.260.006
Zinc (T)0.760.290.0072
Oil and grease30100.199
TSS15120.104
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (4.8/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(b) Direct Chill Casting Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.9280.506
Lead (T)0.6390.314
Zinc (T)0.9160.35
Oil and grease36.212.1
TSS18.114.5
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.205
Lead (T)0.530.260.181
Zinc (T)0.760.290.217
Oil and grease30106.03
TSS15123.13
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (145/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)0.5530.301
Lead (T)0.380.187
Zinc (T)0.5450.208
Total phenols0.6170.215
Oil and grease21.57.18
TSS10.88.61
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.122
Lead (T)0.530.260.108
Zinc (T)0.760.290.129
Total phenols0.860.30.144
Oil and grease30103.59
TSS15121.87
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.086/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to navigable waters.

(e) Investment Casting.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per millions pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)8.484.63
Lead (T)5.842.86
Zinc (T)8.373.19
Oil and grease330110
TSS165132
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.421.87
Lead (T)0.530.261.65
Zinc (T)0.760.291.98
Oil and grease301055.1
TSS151228.6
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)1.810.988
Lead (T)1.250.612
Zinc (T)1.790.673
Total phenols2.020.706
Oil and grease70.623.5
TSS35.328.2
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.4
Lead (T)0.530.260.353
Zinc (T)0.760.290.424
Total phenols0.860.30.471
Oil and grease301011.8
TSS15126.12
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/62.3 Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.282/x) where x is the actual normalized process waste-water flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(g) Mold Cooling Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.3920.214
Lead (T)0.270.132
Zinc (T)0.3870.148
Oil and grease15.35.09
TSS7.636.11
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/1)2(mg/1)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.0865
Lead (T)0.530.260.0763
Zinc (T)0.760.290.0916
Oil and grease30102.54
TSS15121.32
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pound) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (61/x) where x is the actual normalized process waste-water flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21761, June 16, 1986]

§464.25   Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7 and 403.13, any existing source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for existing sources.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.03070.0168
Lead (T)0.02110.0104
Zinc (T)0.03030.0116
TTO0.03350.0109
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)1.20.399

(b) Direct Chill Casting Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.9280.506
Lead (T)0.6390.314
Zinc (T)0.9160.35

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)0.5520.301
Lead (T)0.380.187
Zinc (T)0.5450.208
Total phenols0.6170.215
TTO1.650.54
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)21.57.18

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to a POTW.

(e) Investment Casting.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)8.484.63
Lead (T)5.842.86
Zinc (T)8.373.19
TTO25.48.29
Oil and grease for alternate monitoring)330110

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)1.810.988
Lead (T)1.250.612
Zinc (T)1.790.673
Total phenols2.020.706
TTO5.411.77
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)70.623.5

(g) Mold Cooling Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.3920.214
Lead (T)0.270.132
Zinc (T)0.3870.148
TTO0.4280.14
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)15.35.09

§464.26   Pretreatment standards for new sources.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7, any new source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for new sources.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.03070.0168
Lead (T)0.02110.0104
Zinc (T)0.03030.0116
TTO0.03350.0109
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)1.20.399

(b) Direct Chill Casting Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.9280.506
Lead (T)0.6390.314
Zinc (T)0.9160.35

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 Million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)0.5520.301
Lead (T)0.380.187
Zinc (T)0.5450.208
Total Phenols0.6170.215
TTO1.650.54
Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring21.57.18

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to a POTW.

(e) Investment Casting.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)8.484.63
Lead (T)5.842.86
Zinc (T)8.373.19
TTO25.48.29
Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring330110

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)1.810.988
Lead (T)1.250.612
Zinc (T)1.790.673
Total Phenols2.020.706
TTO5.411.77
Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring70.623.5

(g) Mold Cooling Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.3920.214
Lead (T)0.270.132
Zinc (T)0.3870.148
TTO0.4280.14
Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring15.35.09

§464.27   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology. [Reserved]

Subpart C—Ferrous Casting Subcategory

§464.30   Applicability; description of the ferrous casting subcategory.

The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges to waters of the United States and to the introduction of pollutants into publicly owned treatment works resulting from ferrous casting operations as defined in §464.02(c).

§464.31   Specialized definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart:

(a) Total Toxic Organics (TTO). TTO is a regulated parameter under PSES (§464.35) and PSNS (§464.36) for the ferrous subcategory and is comprised of a discrete list of toxic organic pollutants for each process segment where it is regulated, as follows:

(1) Casting Quench (§464.35(b) and §464.36(b)):

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

(2) Dust Collection Scrubber (§464.35(c) and §464.36(b)):

1. acenaphthene

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

31. 2,4-dichlorophenol

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

39. fluoranthene

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

55. naphthalene

64. pentachlorophenol

65. phenol

66. bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate

67. butyl benzyl phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

71. dimethyl phthalate

72. benzo (a)anthracene (1,2-benzanthracene)

76. chrysene

77. acenaphthylene

78. anthracene

80. fluorene

81. phenanthrene

84. pyrene

(3) Investment Casting (§464.35(e) and §464.36(e)):

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

66. bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

77. acenaphthylene

84. pyrene

(4) Melting Furnace Scrubber (§464.35(f) and §464.36(f)):

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

31. 2,4-dichlorophenol

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

39. fluoranthene

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

55. naphthalene

65. phenol

66. bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

67. butyl benzyl phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

72. benzo (a)anthracene (1,2-benzanthracene)

76. chrysene

77. acenaphthylene

78. anthracene

80. fluorene

81. phenanthrene

84. pyrene

(5) Mold Cooling (§464.35(g) and §464.36(g)):

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

(6) Slag Quench (§464.35(h) and §464.36(h)):

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

71. dimethyl phthalate

(7) Wet Sand Reclamation (§464.35(i) and §464.36(i)):

1. acenaphthene

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

39. fluoranthene

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

55. naphthalene

65. phenol

66. bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

71. dimethyl phthalate

72. benzo(a)anthracene (1,2-benzanthracene)

77. acenaphthylene

84. pyrene

(b) Cast Iron. An iron containing carbon in excess of the solubility in the austentite that exists in the alloy at the eutectic temperature. Cast iron also is defined here to include any iron-carbon alloys containing 1.2 percent or more carbon by weight.

(c) Ductile Iron. A cast iron that has been treated while molten with a master alloy containing an element such as magnesium or cerium to induce the formation of free graphite as nodules or spherules, which imparts a measurable degree of ductility to the cast metal.

(d) Gray Iron. A cast iron that gives a gray fracture due to the presence of flake graphite.

(e) Malleable Iron. A cast iron made by a prolonged anneal of white cast iron in which decarburization or graphitization, or both, take place to eliminate some or all of the cementite. Graphite is present in the form of temper carbon.

(f) Steel. An iron-base alloy containing carbon, manganese, and often other alloying elements. Steel is defined here to include only those iron-carbon alloys containing less than 1.2 percent carbon by weight.

(g) The “primary metal cast” shall mean the metal that is poured in the greatest quantity at an individual plant.

(h) Multiple Ferrous Melting Furnace Scrubber Configuration. A multiple ferrous melting furnace scrubber configuration is a configuration where two or more discrete wet scrubbing devices are employed in series in a single melting furnace exhaust gas stream. The ferrous melting furnace scrubber mass allowance shall be given to each discrete wet scrubbing device that has an associated wastewater discharge in a multiple ferrous melting furnace scrubber configuration. The mass allowance for each discrete wet scrubber shall be identical and based on the air flow of the exhaust gas stream that passes through the multiple scrubber configuration.

(i) Discrete Wet Scrubbing Device. A discrete wet scrubbing device is a distinct, stand-alone device that removes particulates and fumes from a contaminated gas stream by bringing the gas stream into contact with a scrubber liquor, usually water, and from which there is a wastewater discharge. Examples of discrete wet scrubbing devices are: Spray towers and chambers, venturi scrubbers (fixed and variable), wet caps, packed bed scrubbers, quenchers, and orifice scrubbers. Semi-wet scrubbing devices where water is added and totally evaporates prior to dry air pollution control are not considered to be discrete wet scrubbing devices. Ancillary scrubber operations such as fan washes and backwashes are not considered to be discrete wet scrubber devices. These ancillary operations are covered by the mass limitations of the associated scrubber. Aftercoolers are not considered to be discrete wet scrubbing devices, and water discharges from aftercooling are not regulated as a process wastewater in this category.

§464.32   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available, except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of sand reclaimed; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent limitations for copper, lead, zinc, total phenols, oil and grease, and TSS. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass limitations and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) limitations shall apply. Concentration limitations and annual average mass limitations shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Cleaning Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.01290.0071
Lead (T)0.03530.0174
Zinc (T)0.06560.025
Oil and grease1.340.446
TSS1.70.67
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0029
Lead (T)0.790.390.0098
Zinc (T)1.470.560.0179
Oil and grease30100.223
TSS38150.446
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio (5.33/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(b) Casting Quench Operations

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.01380.0076
Lead (T)0.03760.0185
Zinc (T)0.06990.0266
Oil and grease1.430.476
TSS1.810.713
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0031
Lead (T)0.790.390.0105
Zinc (T)1.470.560.019
Oil and grease30100.238
TSS38150.476
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.7/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)0.2180.12
Lead (T)0.5930.293
Zinc (T)1.10.421
Total phenols0.6560.225
Oil and grease22.57.51
TSS28.511.3
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0488
Lead (T)0.790.390.165
Zinc (T)1.470.560.3
Total phenols0.860.30.15
Oil and grease30103.76
TSS38157.51
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio (0.090/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to navigable waters.

(e) Investment Casting.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)3.191.76
Lead (T)8.74.3
Zinc (T)16.26.17
Oil and grease330110
TSS419165
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.716
Lead (T)0.790.392.42
Zinc (T)1.470.564.41
Oil and grease301055.1
TSS3815110
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)1.020.561
Lead (T)2.771.37
Zinc (T)5.151.96
Total phenols3.011.05
Oil and grease10535
TSS13352.6
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.228
Lead (T)0.790.390.771
Zinc (T)1.470.561.4
Total phenols0.860.30.701
Oil and grease301017.5
TSS381535
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) or air scrubbed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.42/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(g) Mold Cooling Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.04280.0236
Lead (T)0.1170.0576
Zinc (T)0.2170.0827
Oil and grease4.431.48
TSS5.612.22
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0096
Lead (T)0.790.390.0325
Zinc (T)1.470.560.0591
Oil and grease30100.738
TSS38151.48
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (17.7/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(h) Slag Quench Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Cooper (T)0.05270.0291
Lead (T)0.1440.0709
Zinc (T)0.2670.102
Oil and grease5.461.82
TSS6.912.73
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0118
Lead (T)0.790.390.04
Zinc (T)1.470.560.0728
Oil and grease30100.909
TSS38151.82
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (21.8/x) where x is the actual normalized process wasterwater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(i) Wet Sand Reclamation Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed
Cooper (T)0.2170.12
Lead (T)0.590.291
Zinc (T)1.10.418
Total phenols0.6420.224
Oil and grease22.47.47
TSS28.411.2
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Cooper (T)0.290.160.0485
Lead (T)0.790.390.164
Zinc (T)1.470.560.299
Total phenols0.860.30.149
Oil and grease30103.73
TSS38157.47
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (89.5/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of sand reclaimed) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21761, June 16, 1986]

§464.33   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable, except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of sand reclaimed; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent limitations for copper, lead, zinc, and total phenols. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass limitations and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) limitations shall apply. Concentration limitations and annual average mass limitations shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Cleaning Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.01290.0071
Lead (T)0.02370.0116
Zinc (T)0.04370.0165
  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0029
Lead (T)0.530.260.0067
Zinc (T)0.980.370.0116

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.33/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.01290.0071
Lead (T)0.03530.0174
Zinc (T)0.06560.025
  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0029
Lead (T)0.790.390.0098
Zinc (T)1.470.560.0179

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.33/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(b) Casting Quench Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/100 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.01380.0076
Lead (T)0.02520.0124
Zinc (T)0.04660.0176
  Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0031
Lead (T)0.530.260.0071
Zinc (T)0.980.370.0124

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.7/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.01380.0076
Lead (T)0.03760.0185
Zinc (T)0.06990.0266
  Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0031
Lead (T)0.790.390.0105
Zinc (T)1.470.560.019

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.7/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)0.2180.12
Lead (T)0.3980.195
Zinc (T)0.7360.278
Total phenols0.6460.225
  Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0488
Lead (T)0.530.260.113
Zinc (T)0.980.370.195
Total phenols0.860.30.15

1kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.09/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)0.2180.12
Lead (T)0.5930.293
Zinc (T)1.10.421
Total phenols0.6560.225
  Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0488
Lead (T)0.790.390.165
Zinc (T)1.470.560.3
Total phenols0.860.30.15

1kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.09/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to navigable waters.

(e) Investment Casting. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)3.191.76
Lead (T)5.842.86
Zinc (T)10.84.07
  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.716
Lead (T)0.530.261.65
Zinc (T)0.980.372.86

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)3.191.76
Lead (T)8.74.3
Zinc (T)16.26.17
  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.716
Lead (T)0.790.392.42
Zinc (T)1.470.564.41

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)1.020.561
Lead (T)1.860.911
Zinc (T)3.441.3
Total Phenols3.011.05
  Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.228
Lead (T)0.530.260.526
Zinc (T)0.980.370.911
Total Phenols0.860.30.701

1kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.42/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)1.020.561
Lead (T)2.771.37
Zinc (T)5.151.96
Total Phenols3.011.05
  Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.228
Lead (T)0.790.390.771
Zinc (T)1.470.561.4
Total Phenols0.860.30.701

1kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.42/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

(g) Mold Cooling Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.04280.0236
Lead (T)0.07830.0384
Zinc (T)0.1450.0546
  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0096
Lead (T)0.530.260.0222
Zinc (T)0.980.370.0384

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (17.7/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.04280.0236
Lead (T)0.1170.0576
Zinc (T)0.2170.0827
  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0096
Lead (T)0.790.390.0325
Zinc (T)1.470.560.0591

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (17.7/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(h) Slag Quench Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.05270.0291
Lead (T)0.09640.0473
Zinc (T)0.1780.0673
  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0118
Lead (T)0.530.260.0273
Zinc (T)0.980.370.0473

1Kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (21.8/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.05270.0291
Lead (T)0.1440.0709
Zinc (T)0.2670.102
  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0118
Lead (T)0.790.390.04
Zinc (T)1.470.560.0728

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (21.8/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(i) Wet Sand Reclamation Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductible or gray iron and to plants that are casting malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed
Copper (T)0.2170.12
Lead (T)0.3960.194
Zinc (T)0.7320.276
Total Phenols0.6420.224
  Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average Annual average1
  (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0485
Lead (T)0.530.260.112
Zinc (T)0.980.370.194
Total Phenols0.860.30.149

1kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (89.5/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of sand reclaimed) for a specific plant.

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed
Copper (T)0.2170.12
Lead (T)0.590.291
Zinc (T)1.10.418
Total Phenols0.6420.224

PSNS

  Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average Annual average1
  (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0485
Lead (T)0.790.390.164
Zinc (T)1.470.560.299
Total Phenols0.860.30.149

1kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (89.5/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of sand reclaimed) for a specific plant.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21761, June 16, 1986]

§464.34   New source performance standards.

Any new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following new source performance standards (NSPS), except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of sand reclaimed; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent standards for copper, lead, zinc, total phenols, oil and grease, and TSS. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass standards and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) standards shall apply. Concentration standards and annual average mass standards shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Cleaning Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.01290.0071
Lead (T)0.02370.0116
Zinc (T)0.04370.0165
Oil and grease1.340.446
TSS0.670.536
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average Annual average1
  (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0029
Lead (T)0.530.260.0067
Zinc (T)0.980.370.0116
Oil and grease30100.223
TTS15120.116
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.33/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.01290.0071
Lead (T)0.03530.0174
Zinc (T)0.06560.025
Oil and grease1.340.446
TSS1.70.67
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average Annual average1
  (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0029
Lead (T)0.790.390.0098
Zinc (T)1.470.560.0179
Oil and grease30100.223
TTS38150.446
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.35/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(b) Casting Quench Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.01380.0076
Lead (T)0.02520.0124
Zinc (T)0.04660.0176
Oil and grease1.430.476
TSS0.7130.571
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0031
Lead (T)0.530.260.0071
Zinc (T)0.980.370.0124
Oil and grease30100.238
TSS15120.124
pH(3)(3)(3)

1Kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

3These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.7/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.01380.0076
Lead (T)0.03760.0185
Zinc (T)0.06990.0266
Oil and grease1.430.476
TSS1.810.713
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0031
Lead (T)0.790.390.0105
Zinc (T)1.470.560.019
Oil and grease30100.238
TSS38150.476
pH(3)(3)(3)

1Kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.7/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductible or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)0.2180.12
Lead (T)0.3980.195
Zinc (T)0.7360.278
Total Phenols0.6460.225
Oil and grease22.57.51
TSS11.39.01
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0488
Lead (T)0.530.260.113
Zinc (T)0.980.370.195
Total phenols0.860.30.15
Oil and grease30103.76
TSS15121.95
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/62.3 millions Sm3 (pound per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

3These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.09/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)0.2180.12
Lead (T)0.5930.293
Zinc (T)1.10.421
Total phenols0.6560.225
Oil and grease22.57.51
TSS28.511.3
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0488
Lead (T)0.790.390.165
Zinc (T)1.470.560.3
Total phenols0.860.30.15
Oil and grease30103.76
TSS38157.51
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/62.3 millions Sm3 (pound per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

3These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.09/) where is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to navigable waters.

(e) Investment Casting. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)3.191.76
Lead (T)5.842.86
Zinc (T)10.84.07
Oil and grease330110
TSS165132
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.716
Lead (T)0.530.261.65
Zinc (T)0.980.372.86
Oil and grease301055.1
TSS151228.6
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)3.191.76
Lead (T)8.74.3
Zinc (T)16.26.17
Oil and grease330110
TSS419165
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.716
Lead (T)0.790.392.42
Zinc (T)1.470.564.41
Oil and grease301055.1
TSS3815110
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)1.020.561
Lead (T)1.860.911
Zinc (T)3.441.30
Total phenols3.011.05
Oil and grease10535
TSS52.642.1
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.228
Lead (T)0.530.260.526
Zinc (T)0.980.370.911
Total phenols0.860.30.701
Oil and grease301017.5
TSS15129.11
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.42/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)1.020.561
Lead (T)2.771.37
Zinc (T)5.151.96
Total phenols3.011.05
Oil and grease10535
TSS13352.6
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.228
Lead (T)0.790.390.771
Zinc (T)1.470.561.4
Total phenols0.380.30.701
Oil and grease301017.5
TSS381535
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.42/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(g) Mold Cooling Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.04280.0236
Lead (T)0.07830.0384
Zinc (T)0.01450.0546
Oil and grease4.431.48
TSS2.221.77
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)1
Copper (T)0.290.160.0096
Lead (T)0.530.260.0222
Zinc (T)0.980.370.0384
Oil and grease30100.738
TSS15120.384
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million) pounds of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (17.7/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.04280.0236
Lead (T)0.1170.0576
Zinc (T)0.2170.0827
Oil and grease4.431.48
TSS5.612.22
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaxium for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/1)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0096
Lead (T)0.790.390.0325
Zinc (T)1.470.560.0591
Oil and grease30100.738
TSS38151.48
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million) pounds of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (17.7/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(h) Slag Quench Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.05270.0291
Lead (T)0.09640.0473
Zinc (T)0.1780.0673
Oil and grease5.461.82
TSS2.732.18
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0118
Lead (T)0.530.260.0273
Zinc (T)0.980.370.0473
Oil and grease30100.909
TSS15120.473
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (21.8/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.05270.0291
Lead (T)0.1440.0709
Zinc (T)0.2670.102
Oil and grease5.461.82
TSS6.912.73
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average
   (mg/l)2(mg/1)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0118
Lead (T)0.790.390.04
Zinc (T)1.470.560.0728
Oil and grease30100.909
TSS38151.82
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (21.8/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(i) Wet Sand Reclamation Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed
Copper (T)0.2170.12
Lead (T)0.3960.194
Zinc (T)0.7320.276
Total phenols0.6420.224
Oil and grease22.47.47
TSS11.28.96
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0485
Lead (T)0.530.260.112
Zinc (T)0.980.370.194
Total phenols0.860.30.149
Oil and grease30103.73
TSS15121.94
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (89.5/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of sand reclaimed) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed
Copper (T)0.2170.12
Lead (T)0.590.291
Zinc (T)1.10.418
Total phenols0.6420.224
Oil and grease22.47.47
TSS28.411.2
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.290.160.0485
Lead (T)0.790.390.164
Zinc (T)1.470.560.299
Total phenols0.860.30.149
Oil and grease30103.73
TSS38157.47
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (89.5/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of sand reclaimed) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21761, June 16, 1986]

§464.35   Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7 and 403.13, any existing source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for existing sources.

(a) Casting Cleaning Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.01290.0071
Lead (T)0.02370.0116
Zinc (T)0.04370.0165

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where equal to or less than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.01290.0071
Lead (T)0.03530.0174
Zinc (T)0.06560.025

(b) Casting Quench Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.01380.0076
Lead (T)0.02520.0124
Zinc (T)0.04660.0176
TTO0.02570.00838
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)1.430.476

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where equal to or less than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.01380.0076
Lead (T)0.03760.0185
Zinc (T)0.06990.0266
TTO0.02570.00838
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)1.430.476

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)0.2180.12
Lead (T)0.3980.195
Zinc (T)0.7360.278
Total Phenols0.6460.225
TTO2.040.664
Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring)22.57.51

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where equal to or less than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)0.2180.12
Lead (T)0.5930.293
Zinc (T)1.10.421
Total Phenols0.6560.225
TTO2.040.664
Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring)22.57.51

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to a POTW.

(e) Investment Casting. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)3.191.76
Lead (T)5.842.86
Zinc (T)10.84.07
TTO13.24.3
Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring)330110

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where equal to or less than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)3.191.76
Lead (T)8.74.3
Zinc (T)16.26.17
TTO13.24.3
Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring)330110

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)1.020.561
Lead (T)1.860.911
Zinc (T)3.441.30
Total phenols3.011.05
TTO8.342.73
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)10535

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where equal to or less than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)1.020.561
Lead (T)2.771.37
Zinc (T)5.151.96
Total phenols3.011.05
TTO8.342.73
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)10535

(g) Mold Cooling Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.04280.0236
Lead (T)0.07830.0384
Zinc (T)0.1450.0546
TTO0.07970.026
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)4.431.48

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where equal to or less than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.04280.0236
Lead (T)0.1170.0576
Zinc (T)0.2170.0827
TTO0.07970.026
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)4.431.48

(h) Slag Quench Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.05270.0291
Lead (T)0.09640.0473
Zinc (T)0.1780.0673
TTO0.02570.00838
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)5.461.82

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where equal to or less than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.05270.0291
Lead (T)0.1440.0709
Zinc (T)0.2670.102
TTO0.02570.00838
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)5.461.82

(i) West Sand Reclamation Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed
Copper (T)0.2170.12
Lead (T)0.3960.194
Zinc (T)0.7320.276
Total Phenols0.6420.224
TTO1.180.386
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)22.47.47

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where equal to or less than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed
Copper (T)0.2170.12
Lead (T)0.590.291
Zinc (T)1.10.418
Total Phenols0.6420.224
TTO1.180.386
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)22.47.47

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21762, June 16, 1986]

§464.36   Pretreatment standards for new sources.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7, any new source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for new sources.

(a) Casting Cleaning Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.01290.0071
Lead (T)0.02370.0116
Zinc (T)0.04370.0165

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where equal to or less than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.01290.0071
Lead (T)0.03530.0174
Zinc (T)0.06560.025

(b) Casting Quench Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.01380.0076
Lead (T)0.02520.0124
Zinc (T)0.04660.0176
TTO0.02570.00838
Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring)1.430.476

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where equal to or less than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.01380.0076
Lead (T)0.03760.0185
Zinc (T)0.06990.0266
TTO0.02570.00838
Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring)1.430.476

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)0.2180.12
Lead (T)0.3980.195
Zinc (T)0.7360.278
Total Phenols0.6460.225
TTO2.040.664
Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring)22.57.51

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where equal to or less than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)0.2180.12
Lead (T)0.5930.293
Zinc (T)1.10.421
Total Phenols0.6560.225
TTO2.040.664
Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring)22.57.51

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to a POTW.

(e) Investment Casting. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)3.191.76
Lead (T)5.842.86
Zinc (T)10.84.07
TTO13.24.3
Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring)330110

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where equal to or less than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)3.191.76
Lead (T)8.74.3
Zinc (T)16.26.17
TTO13.24.3
Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring)330110

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)1.020.561
Lead (T)1.860.911
Zinc (T)3.441.3
Total Phenols3.011.05
TTO8.342.73
Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring)10535

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where equal to or less than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)1.020.561
Lead (T)2.771.37
Zinc (T)5.151.96
Total Phenols3.011.05
TTO8.342.73
Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring)10535

(g) Mold Cooling Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.04280.0236
Lead (T)0.07830.0384
Zinc (T)0.1450.0546
TTO0.07970.026
Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring)4.431.48

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where equal to or less than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.04280.0236
Lead (T)0.1170.0576
Zinc (T)0.2170.0827
TTO0.07970.026
Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring)4.431.48

(h) Slag Quench Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.05270.0291
Lead (T)0.09640.0473
Zinc (T)0.1780.0673
TTO0.02570.00838
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)5.461.82

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where equal to or less than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.05270.0291
Lead (T)0.1440.0709
Zinc (T)0.2670.102
TTO0.02570.00838
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)5.461.82

(i) Wet Sand Reclamation Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed
Copper (T)0.2170.12
Lead (T)0.3960.194
Zinc (T)0.7320.276
Total phenols0.6420.224
TTO1.180.386
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)22.47.47

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where equal to or less than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed
Copper (T)0.2170.12
Lead (T)0.590.291
Zinc (T)1.100.418
Total phenols0.6420.224
TTO1.180.386
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)22.47.47

§464.37   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology. [Reserved]

Subpart D—Zinc Casting Subcategory

§464.40   Applicability; description of the zinc casting subcategory.

The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges to waters of the United States and to the introduction of pollutants into publicly owned treatment works resulting from zinc casting operations as defined in §464.02(d).

§464.41   Specialized definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart:

(a) Total Toxic Organics (TTO). TTO is a regulated parameter under PSES (§464.45) and PSNS (§464.46) for the zinc subcategory and is comprised of a discrete list of toxic organic pollutants for each process segment where it is regulated, as follows:

(1) Casting Quench (§464.45(a) and §464.46(a)):

21.  2,4,6-trichlorophenol

22.  para-chloro meta-cresol

31.  2,4-dichlorophenol

34.  2,4-dimethylphenol

39.  fluoranthene

44.  methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

65.  phenol

66.  bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

68.  di-n-butyl phthalate

70.  diethyl phthalate

85.  tetrachloroethylene

(2) Die Casting (§465.45(b) and §464.46(b)):

1.  acenaphthene

21.  2,4,6-trichlorophenol

22.  para-chloro meta-cresol

24.  2-chlorophenol

34.  2,4-dimethylphenol

44.  methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

55.  naphthalene

65.  phenol

66.  bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

68.  di-n-butyl phthalate

70.  diethyl phthalate

85.  tetrachloroethylene

86.  toluene

87.  trichloroethylene

(3) Melting Furnace Scrubber (§464.45(c) and §464.46(c)):

31.  2,4-dichlorophenol

34.  2,4-dimethylphenol

39.  fluoranthene

44.  methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

55.  naphthalene

65.  phenol

66.  bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

68.  di-n-butyl phthalate

85.  tetrachloroethylene

86.  toluene

87.  trichloroethylene

(4) Mold Cooling (§464.45(d) and §464.46(d)):

21.  2,4,6-trichlorophenol

22.  para-chloro meta-cresol

31.  2,4-dichlorophenol

34.  2,4-dimethylphenol

39.  fluoranthene

44.  methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

65.  phenol

66.  bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

68.  di-n-butyl phthalate

70.  diethyl phthalate

85.  tetrachloroethylene

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21762, June 16, 1986]

§464.42   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available, except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent limitations for copper, lead, zinc, total phenols, oil and grease, and TSS. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass limitations and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/1) limitations shall apply. Concentration limitations and annual average mass limitations shall only apply to noncontinuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.03440.0187
Lead (T)0.03530.0174
Zinc (T)0.05090.0192
Oil and grease1.340.446
TSS1.70.67
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/1)2(mg/1)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.0076
Lead (T)0.790.390.0098
Zinc (T)1.140.430.0121
Oil and grease30100.223
TSS38150.446
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1000 kkg (pound per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.35/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(b) Die Casting Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.00660.0036
Lead (T)0.00680.0034
Zinc (T)0.00980.0037
Total phenols0.00740.0026
Oil and grease0.2590.0864
TTS0.3280.13
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.0015
Lead (T)0.790.390.0019
Zinc (T)1.140.430.0023
Total phenols0.860.30.0017
Oil and grease30100.0432
TSS38150.0864
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1000 kkg (pound per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1.04/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(c) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 millions Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)1.560.852
Lead (T)1.60.791
Zinc (T)2.310.872
Total Phenols1.740.608
Oil and grease60.820.3
TSS77.130.4
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.345
Lead (T)0.790.390.446
Zinc (T)1.140.430.548
Total Phenols0.860.30.406
Oil and grease301010.1
TSS381520.3
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.243/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(d) Mold Cooling Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.3040.166
Lead (T)0.3110.154
Zinc (T)0.4490.17
Oil and grease11.83.94
TSS155.91
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.067
Lead (T)0.790.390.0867
Zinc (T)1.140.430.106
Oil and grease30101.97
TSS38153.94
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (47.3/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21762, June 16, 1986]

§464.43   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable, except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent limitations for copper, lead, zinc, and total phenols. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass limitations and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/1) limitations shall apply. Concentration limitations and annual average mass limitations shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.03440.0187
Lead (T)0.02370.0116
Zinc (T)0.03390.0129
  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.0076
Lead (T)0.530.260.0067
Zinc (T)0.760.290.008

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.34/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(b) Die Casting Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.00660.0036
Lead (T)0.00460.0022
Zinc (T)0.00660.0025
Total phenols0.00740.0026
  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.0015
Lead (T)0.530.260.0013
Zinc (T)0.760.290.0016
Total phenols0.860.30.0017

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1.04/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(c) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)1.560.852
Lead (T)1.070.527
Zinc (T)1.540.588
Total phenolse1.740.608
  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.345
Lead (T)0.530.260.304
Zinc (T)0.760.290.365
Total phenols0.860.30.406

1kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.243/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(d) Mold Cooling Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.3040.166
Lead (T)0.2090.103
Zinc (T)0.30.114
  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.067
Lead (T)0.530.260.0591
Zinc (T)0.760.290.071

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (47.3/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21762, June 16, 1986]

§464.44   New source performance standards.

Any new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following new source performance standards (NSPS), except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent standards for copper, lead, zinc, total phenols, oil and grease, and TSS. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass standards and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) standards shall apply. Concentration standards and annual average mass standards shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.03440.0187
Lead (T)0.02370.0116
Zinc (T)0.03390.0129
Oil and grease1.340.446
TSS0.670.536
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.0076
Lead (T)0.530.260.0067
Zinc (T)0.760.290.008
Oil and grease30100.223
TSS15120.116
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.34/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(b) Die Casting Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.00660.0036
Lead (T)0.00460.0022
Zinc (T)0.00660.0025
Total phenols0.00740.0026
Oil and grease0.2590.0864
TSS0.130.104
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.0015
Lead (T)0.530.260.0013
Zinc (T)0.760.290.0016
Total phenols0.860.30.0017
Oil and grease30100.0432
TSS15120.0225
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1.04/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(c) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)1.560.852
Lead (T)1.070.527
Zinc (T)1.540.588
Total phenols1.740.608
Oil and grease60.820.3
TSS30.424.3
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.345
Lead (T)0.530.260.304
Zinc (T)0.760.290.365
Total phenols0.860.30.406
Oil and grease301010.1
TSS15125.27
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.243/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(d) Mold Cooling Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.3040.166
Lead (T)0.2090.103
Zinc (T)0.30.114
Oil and grease11.83.94
TSS5.914.73
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

  Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.067
Lead (T)0.530.260.0591
Zinc (T)0.760.290.071
Oil and grease30101.97
TSS15121.03
pH(3)(3)(3)

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (47.3/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

3Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21762, June 16, 1986]

§464.45   Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7 and 403.13, any existing source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for existing sources.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.03440.0187
Lead (T)0.02370.0116
Zinc (T)0.03390.0129
TTO0.0930.0304
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)1.340.446

(b) Die Casting Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds of metal poured)
Copper (T)0.00660.0036
Lead (T)0.00460.0022
Zinc (T)0.00660.0025
Total phenols0.00740.0026
TTO0.01960.0064
Oil and grease for alternate monitoring)0.2590.0864

(c) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)1.560.852
Lead (T)1.070.527
Zinc (T)1.540.588
Total phenols1.740.608
TTO3.951.29
Oil and grease for alternate monitoring)60.820.3

(d) Mold Cooling Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.3040.166
Lead (T)0.2090.103
Zinc (T)0.30.114
TTO0.8210.268
Oil and grease for alternate monitoring)11.83.94

§464.46   Pretreatment standards for new sources.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7, any new source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for new sources.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.03440.0187
Lead (T)0.02370.0116
Zinc (T)0.03390.0129
TTO0.0930.0304
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)1.340.446

(b) Die Casting Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.00660.0036
Lead (T)0.00460.0022
Zinc (T)0.00660.0025
Total phenols0.00740.0026
TTO0.01960.0064
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)0.2590.0864

(c) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)1.560.852
Lead (T)1.070.527
Zinc (T)1.540.588
Total phenols1.740.608
TTO3.951.29
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)60.820.3

(d) Mold Cooling Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.3040.166
Lead (T)0.2090.103
Zinc (T)0.30.114
TTO0.8210.268
Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring)11.83.94

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21762, June 16, 1986]

§464.47   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology. [Reserved]



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